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Taxon: Senna obtusifolia (L.) H. S. Irwin & Barneby

 
Genus: Senna
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
Subfamily: Caesalpinioideae
Tribe: Cassieae
Subtribe: Cassiinae
Nomen number: 100044
Place of publication: Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 35:252. 1982
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 09-Sep-2002 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 5 (4 active, 3 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Medicines: folklore
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Missouri]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas]
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Nuevo León, San Luis Potosí, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Baja California Sur]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Campeche, Chiapas, Colima, Guerrero, Jalisco, México, Michoacán de Ocampo, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Querétaro, Quintana Roo, Tabasco, Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave, Yucatán]

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Cayman Islands, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Guadeloupe, [St. Barthelemy] Hispaniola, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and Grenadines, United States, [Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, U.S.] Virgin Islands (British)
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, [Guayas, Los Ríos, Napo] Peru [Loreto, Madre de Dios, San Martín, Ucayali]
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, [Chaco, Corrientes, Formosa, Misiones, Salta, Tucumán] Paraguay


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Libya
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Chad, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Sao Tome and Principe
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cote D'Ivoire, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Namibia, South Africa

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Oman, Yemen
    • WESTERN ASIA: Iraq

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka
    • PAPUASIA: Indonesia, [Papua Barat] Papua New Guinea
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, [Jawa] Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia

    Northern America
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Indiana, Pennsylvania]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [California (s.)]

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]
    • NORTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Micronesia
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: French Polynesia

    Southern America
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Ecuador [Galápagos]


    Other (exact native range obscure)

References:

  1. Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong. Flora of the West Indies (on-line resource).
  2. Boggan, J. et al. 1997. Checklist of the plants of the Guianas, ed. 2
  3. Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  4. Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45
  5. CalFlora Database Project. CalFlora: a botanical resource for California on the internet (on-line resource).
  6. Davidse, G. et al., eds. 1994. Flora mesoamericana.
  7. George, A. S., ed. 1980-. Flora of Australia.
  8. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14
  9. Ghazanfar, S. A. 1992. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of Oman. Scripta Botanica Belgica 2
  10. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2
  11. Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds Note: = Cassia tora
  12. Howard, R. 1974-1989. Flora of the lesser Antilles.
  13. Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry. Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource).
  14. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  15. International Legume Database & Information Service. International Legume Database and Information Service (on-line resource).
  16. Irwin, H. S. & R. C. Barneby. 1982. The American Cassiinae: a synoptical revision of Leguminosae tribe Cassieae subtribe Cassiinae in the New World. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 35:252-255.
  17. Isely, D. 1998. Native and naturalized Leguminosae (Fabaceae) of the United States (exclusive of Alaska and Hawaii)
  18. Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. 1999. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75
  19. Kumar, S & P. V. Sane. 2003. Legumes of South Asia: a checklist.
  20. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia
  21. Lewis, G. P. & P. E. Owen. 1989. Legumes of the Ilha de Maraca
  22. Lewis, G. P. 1987. Legumes of Bahia
  23. Lock, J. M. & C. S. Ford. 2004. Legumes of Malesia: a checklist
  24. Lock, J. M. & K. Simpson. 1991. Legumes of West Asia: a checklist
  25. Lock, J. M. 1988. Cassia sens. lat. (Leguminosae - Caesalpinioideae) in Africa. Kew Bull. 43:340.
  26. Lock, J. M. 1989. Legumes of Africa: a checklist
  27. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  28. McVaugh, R. 1983-. Flora Novo-Galiciana.
  29. Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson. 1992. Noxious weeds of Australia Inkata Press, Melbourne, Australia.
  30. Randell, B. R. 1988. Revision of the Cassiinae in Australia. 1. Senna Miller sect. Chamaefistula (Colladon) Irwin and Barneby. J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 11:45.
  31. Rzedowski, J. & G. Rzedowski, eds. 1991-. Flora del Bajio y de regiones adyacentes.
  32. Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually).
  33. Steyermark, J. A. et al., eds. 1995-. Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana. Note: Missouri Botanical Garden & Timber Press
  34. Wagner, W. L. et al. Flora of the Hawaiian Islands (on-line resource).
  35. Weakley, A. S. 2011. Flora of the southern and middle Atlantic states.
  36. Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds
  37. Wunderlin, R. P. 1998. Guide to the vascular plants of Florida
  38. Zuloaga, F. O. & O. Morrone, eds. 1996, 1999. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de la República Argentina. I. Pteridophyta, Gymnospermae y Angiospermae (Monocotyledonae), II. Dicotyledonae. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60, 74.
  39. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)
  40. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource).

Check other web resources for Senna obtusifolia (L.) H. S. Irwin & Barneby :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • ABRS: Australian Biological Resources Study Flora of Australia online
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • On-line Flora of Zimbabwe:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?100044. Accessed 18 September 2019.