Taxon: Senna bicapsularis (L.) Roxb.

Genus: Senna
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
  Subfamily: Caesalpinioideae
      Tribe: Cassieae
        Subtribe: Cassiinae
Nomen number: 100056
Place of publication: Fl. ind. ed. 1832, 2:342. 1832
Name Verified on: 27-Oct-2008 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 27-Oct-2008
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 7 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • Christmasbush  (Source: Baileya) - English
  • moneybush  (Source: Baileya) - English
  • rambling cassia  (Source: Baileya) - English
  • yellow candlewood  (Source: Trop Flow Pl) - English

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Trop Flow Pl; Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Vertebrate poisons: birds (fide Baileya 23:220. 1996)
  • Weed: (fide Invasive Pl Spec; Weeds SAfr 2001)

Distributional Range:


  • Southern America

    • Caribbean: Anguilla; Antigua and Barbuda; Barbados; Dominica; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Jamaica; Martinique; Montserrat; Puerto Rico; St. Kitts and Nevis; St. Lucia; St. Vincent and Grenadines; Trinidad and Tobago; Turks and Caicos Islands
    • Mesoamerica: Panama
    • Northern South America: French Guiana; Guyana; Suriname; Venezuela
    • Western South America: Colombia; Ecuador; Peru

  • Naturalized:

  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    • Macaronesia: Cape Verde; Portugal - Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Ethiopia; Somalia; Sudan
    • Northern Africa: Egypt
    • South Tropical Africa: Malawi; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: South Africa
    • West Tropical Africa: Ghana; Nigeria; Senegal; Sierra Leone
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Zaire
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: Thailand; Vietnam
    • Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia; Papua New Guinea
  • Northern America

    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Florida
  • Pacific

    • Southwestern Pacific: New Caledonia
  • Southern America

    • Caribbean: Bermuda; Cuba
    • Mesoamerica: Guatemala
    • Western South America: Ecuador - Galapagos Islands

  • Cultivated:

    . also cult.


  • Funk, V. et al. Checklist of the plants of the Guiana Shield (Venezuela: Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana). Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 55:1-584. 2007 (L Guiana Shield)
  • Henderson, L. Alien weeds and invasive plants: a complete guide to declared weeds and invaders in South Africa. Plant Protection Research Institute, Handbook 12. 2001 (Weeds SAfr 2001)
  • Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. 1974-1989 (F LAnt)
  • Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource). (Pacif I Ecosyst Risk)
  • Irwin, H. S. & R. C. Barneby 1982. The American Cassiinae: a synoptical revision of Leguminosae tribe Cassieae subtribe Cassiinae in the New World Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 35:399.
  • Kumar, S & P. V. Sane Legumes of South Asia: a checklist. 2003 (Leg SAsia)
  • Llamas, K. A. Tropical flowering plants: a guide to identification and cultivation. 2003 (Trop Flow Pl)
  • Lock, J. M. 1988. Cassia sens. lat. (Leguminosae - Caesalpinioideae) in Africa Kew Bull. 43:339.
  • Lock, J. M. Legumes of Africa: a checklist. 1989 (Leg Africa)
  • Lock, J. M. & C. S. Ford Legumes of Malesia: a checklist. 2004 (Leg Malesia)
  • Lock, J. M. & J. Heald Legumes of Indochina: a checklist. 1994 (Leg Indochina)
  • Luckow, M. 1996. The cultivated species of Cassia, Senna, and Chamaecrista (Leguminosae) (Baileya) 23:220.
  • Randell, B. R. 1988. Revision of the Cassiinae in Australia. 1. Senna Miller sect. Chamaefistula (Colladon) Irwin and Barneby J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 11:31.
  • Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)

Check other web resources for Senna bicapsularis (L.) Roxb. :


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image