Taxon: Senna bicapsularis (L.) Roxb.

 
Genus: Senna
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
Subfamily: Caesalpinioideae
Tribe: Cassieae
Subtribe: Cassiinae
Nomen number: 100056
Place of publication: Fl. ind. ed. 1832, 2:342. 1832
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 27-Oct-2008 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 27-Oct-2008
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 0 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • Christmasbush  (Source: Baileya) - English
  • moneybush  (Source: Baileya) - English
  • rambling cassia  (Source: Baileya) - English
  • yellow candlewood  (Source: Trop Flow Pl) - English

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Trop Flow Pl; Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Vertebrate poisons: birds (fide Baileya 23:220. 1996)
  • Weed: (fide Invasive Pl Spec; Weeds SAfr 2001)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, Dominica, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, Puerto Rico, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks and Caicos Islands (possibly native)
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Panama
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Colombia, Ecuador, Peru


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Cape Verde, Portugal, [Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Egypt
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Zaire
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Ghana, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, Sri Lanka
    • PAPUASIA: Papua New Guinea
    • INDO-CHINA: Thailand, Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Malaysia

    Northern America
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Florida (s.)]

    Pacific
    • SOUTHWESTERN PACIFIC: New Caledonia

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Bermuda, Cuba
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Guatemala
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Ecuador [Galapagos Islands]


References:

  1. Funk, V. et al. Checklist of the plants of the Guiana Shield (Venezuela: Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana). Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 55:1-584. 2007 (L Guiana Shield)
  2. Henderson, L. Alien weeds and invasive plants: a complete guide to declared weeds and invaders in South Africa. Plant Protection Research Institute, Handbook 12. 2001 (Weeds SAfr 2001)
  3. Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. (F LAnt)
  4. Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource). (Pacif I Ecosyst Risk)
  5. Irwin, H. S. & R. C. Barneby 1982. The American Cassiinae: a synoptical revision of Leguminosae tribe Cassieae subtribe Cassiinae in the New World Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 35:399.
  6. Kumar, S & P. V. Sane Legumes of South Asia: a checklist. 2003 (Leg SAsia)
  7. Llamas, K. A. Tropical flowering plants: a guide to identification and cultivation. 2003 (Trop Flow Pl)
  8. Lock, J. M. 1988. Cassia sens. lat. (Leguminosae - Caesalpinioideae) in Africa Kew Bull. 43:339.
  9. Lock, J. M. Legumes of Africa: a checklist. 1989 (Leg Africa)
  10. Lock, J. M. & C. S. Ford Legumes of Malesia: a checklist. 2004 (Leg Malesia)
  11. Lock, J. M. & J. Heald Legumes of Indochina: a checklist. 1994 (Leg Indochina)
  12. Luckow, M. 1996. The cultivated species of Cassia, Senna, and Chamaecrista (Leguminosae) (Baileya) 23:220.
  13. Randell, B. R. 1988. Revision of the Cassiinae in Australia. 1. Senna Miller sect. Chamaefistula (Colladon) Irwin and Barneby J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 11:31.
  14. Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)

Check other web resources for Senna bicapsularis (L.) Roxb. :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?100056. Accessed 24 April 2018.