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Taxon: Senna occidentalis (L.) Link

 
Genus: Senna
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
Subfamily: Caesalpinioideae
Tribe: Cassieae
Subtribe: Cassiinae
Nomen number: 100059
Place of publication: Handbuch 2:140. 1831
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 15-Mar-1987 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 01-Apr-2013
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 46 (23 active, 65 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental
  • Human food: fruit (fide Pl Res SEAs 16:111. 2000); vegetable (fide Pl Res SEAs 16:111. 2000)
  • Medicines:
  • Social:
  • Vertebrate poisons:
  • Weed:

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Sinaloa, Tamaulipas]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Campeche, Colima, Jalisco, Michoacan, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Quintana Roo, Tabasco, Veracruz, Yucatan]

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Anguilla, Bahamas, Barbados, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Hispaniola, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, [Saba] Puerto Rico, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and Grenadines, Virgin Islands (British), [Tortola] Virgin Islands (U.S.) [St. Croix, St. John, St. Thomas]
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela
    • BRAZIL: Brazil [Parana, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina]
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Colombia, Ecuador, [Esmeraldas, Los Rios, Manabi] Peru [Loreto, San Martin, Ucayali]
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, [Corrientes, Entre Rios, Formosa, Jujuy, Misiones, Salta, Santiago del Estero, Tucuman] Paraguay, [Amambay, Caaguazu, Caazapa, Central, Cordillera, Guaira, Neembucu, Alto Paraguay, Paraguari, Presidente Hayes] Uruguay [Artigas, Montevideo, Paysandu, Rio Negro, Salto, Soriano]


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Libya
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Chad, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Rwanda, Zaire
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Cote D'Ivoire, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Mozambique, Zambia
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Seychelles

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Saudi Arabia, Yemen
    • WESTERN ASIA: Iran, Iraq, Lebanon
    • CHINA: China

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka
    • PAPUASIA: Indonesia, [Irian Jaya] Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands
    • INDO-CHINA: Cambodia, India, [Andaman and Nicobar] Laos, Thailand, Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Brunei, Christmas Island, Indonesia, [Kalimantan, Celebes, Java, Lesser Sunda Islands, Moluccas, Sumatra] Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia

    Northern America
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Oklahoma]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas]

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]
    • NORTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Northern Mariana Islands, Palau
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: French Polynesia, Pitcairn
    • SOUTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Fiji, Nauru, New Caledonia, Niue, Samoa, Tonga


    Other (exact native range obscure)

References:

  1. Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong Flora of the West Indies (on-line resource). (F WIndies Online)
  2. Boggan, J. et al. Checklist of the plants of the Guianas, ed. 2. 1997 (L Guianas ed2)
  3. Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. 1993 (L Peru)
  4. Burkart, A. E., ed. Flora ilustrada de Entre Rios. (F EntreR)
  5. Davidse, G. et al., eds. Flora mesoamericana. (F Mesoamer)
  6. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  7. Funk, V. et al. Checklist of the plants of the Guiana Shield (Venezuela: Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana). Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 55:1-584. 2007 (L Guiana Shield)
  8. George, A. S., ed. Flora of Australia. (F Aust)
  9. Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. (L Aust)
  10. Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  11. Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. (F LAnt)
  12. Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource). (Pacif I Ecosyst Risk)
  13. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. (F ConoSur)
  14. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  15. International Legume Database & Information Service International Legume Database and Information Service (on-line resource). (ILDIS)
  16. Irwin, H. S. & R. C. Barneby 1982. The American Cassiinae: a synoptical revision of Leguminosae tribe Cassieae subtribe Cassiinae in the New World Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 35:436.
  17. Isely, D. Native and naturalized Leguminosae (Fabaceae) of the United States (exclusive of Alaska and Hawaii). 1998 (Leg US)
  18. Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75. 1999 (L Ecuador)
  19. Kumar, S & P. V. Sane Legumes of South Asia: a checklist. (Leg SAsia)
  20. Lewis, G. P. Legumes of Bahia. 1987 (Leg Bahia)
  21. Lock, J. M. 1988. Cassia sens. lat. (Leguminosae - Caesalpinioideae) in Africa Kew Bull. 43:340.
  22. Lock, J. M. Legumes of Africa: a checklist. 1989 (Leg Africa)
  23. Lock, J. M. & C. S. Ford Legumes of Malesia: a checklist. 2004 (Leg Malesia)
  24. Lock, J. M. & J. Heald Legumes of Indochina: a checklist. 1994 (Leg Indochina)
  25. Lock, J. M. & K. Simpson Legumes of West Asia: a checklist. 1991 (Leg WAsia)
  26. Luckow, M. 1996. The cultivated species of Cassia, Senna, and Chamaecrista (Leguminosae) (Baileya) 23:226-227.
  27. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  28. McVaugh, R. Flora Novo-Galiciana. (F NGalicia)
  29. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants (Kulturpflanze) 34:88.
  30. Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson Noxious weeds of Australia. 1992 (Noxweed Aust)
  31. Randell, B. R. 1988. Revision of the Cassiinae in Australia. 1. Senna Miller sect. Chamaefistula (Colladon) Irwin and Barneby J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 11:41.
  32. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  33. Steyermark, J. A. et al., eds. Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana. (F VenGuay)
  34. Vossen, H. A. M. van der & M. Wessel, eds. 2000. Stimulants (Pl Res SEAs) 16:111.
  35. Weakley, A. S. Flora of the southern and middle Atlantic states. (F S Mid Atl US)
  36. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)
  37. Wunderlin, R. P. Guide to the vascular plants of Florida. 1998 (F Florida)
  38. Zuloaga, F. O. & O. Morrone, eds. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de la República Argentina. I. Pteridophyta, Gymnospermae y Angiospermae (Monocotyledonae), II. Dicotyledonae. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60, 74. (L Argent)

Check other web resources for Senna occidentalis (L.) Link :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • ABRS: Australian Biological Resources Study Flora of Australia online
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?100059. Accessed 18 November 2018.