Taxon: Senna occidentalis (L.) Link

 
Genus: Senna
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
  Subfamily: Caesalpinioideae
      Tribe: Cassieae
        Subtribe: Cassiinae
Nomen number: 100059
Place of publication: Handbuch 2:140. 1831
Name Verified on: 15-Mar-1987 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 01-Apr-2013
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 46 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Pl Res SEAs 16:111. 2000)
  • Human food: beverage base (fide Pl Res SEAs 16:111. 2000)
  • Human food: fruit (fide Pl Res SEAs 16:111. 2000)
  • Human food: vegetable (fide Pl Res SEAs 16:111. 2000)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2; Pl Res SEAs 16:111. 2000)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kingsbury, as Cassia occidentalis; Lampe & McCann, as Cassia occidentalis; Pl Res SEAs 16:111. 2000)
  • Social: stimulant (fide Pl Res SEAs 16:111. 2000)
  • Weed: (fide Noxweed Aust)

Distributional Range:

    Other:

    . exact native range obscure

    Native:

  • Northern America

    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Sinaloa, - Tamaulipas
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico - Campeche, - Colima, - Jalisco, - Michoacan, - Nayarit, - Oaxaca, - Quintana Roo, - Tabasco, - Veracruz, - Yucatan
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil - Parana, - Rio Grande do Sul, - Santa Catarina
    • Caribbean: Anguilla; Bahamas; Barbados; Cayman Islands; Cuba; Dominica; Dominican Republic; Haiti; Hispaniola; Jamaica; Martinique; Montserrat; Netherlands Antilles - Saba; Puerto Rico; St. Kitts and Nevis; St. Lucia; St. Vincent and Grenadines; Virgin Islands (British) - Tortola; Virgin Islands (U.S.) - St. Croix, - St. John, - St. Thomas
    • Mesoamerica: Belize; Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama
    • Northern South America: French Guiana; Guyana; Suriname; Venezuela
    • Southern South America: Argentina - Corrientes, - Entre Rios, - Formosa, - Jujuy, - Misiones, - Salta, - Santiago del Estero, - Tucuman; Paraguay - Amambay, - Caaguazu, - Caazapa, - Central, - Cordillera, - Guaira, - Neembucu, - Alto Paraguay, - Paraguari, - Presidente Hayes; Uruguay - Artigas, - Montevideo, - Paysandu, - Rio Negro, - Salto, - Soriano
    • Western South America: Colombia; Ecuador - Esmeraldas, - Los Rios, - Manabi; Peru - Loreto, - San Martin, - Ucayali

  • Naturalized:

  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Chad; Djibouti; Ethiopia; Sudan
    • Northern Africa: Libya
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola; Mozambique; Zambia
    • Southern Africa: Namibia; South Africa; Swaziland
    • West Tropical Africa: Cote D'Ivoire; Ghana; Guinea; Liberia; Mali; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Togo
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Burundi; Cameroon; Central African Republic; Equatorial Guinea; Gabon; Rwanda; Zaire
    • Western Indian Ocean: Seychelles
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Arabian Peninsula: Saudi Arabia; Yemen
    • China: China
    • Western Asia: Iran; Iraq; Lebanon
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Bangladesh; Bhutan; India; Nepal; Pakistan; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: Cambodia; Laos; Thailand; Vietnam
    • Malesia: Brunei; Christmas Island; Indonesia - Celebes, - Irian Jaya, - Java, - Kalimantan, - Lesser Sunda Islands, - Moluccas, - Sumatra; Malaysia; Papua New Guinea; Philippines; Singapore
    • North Indian Ocean: India - Andaman and Nicobar; Maldives
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
  • Northern America

    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Oklahoma
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, - Arkansas, - Florida, - Georgia, - Mississippi, - North Carolina, - South Carolina, - Tennessee, - Virginia
  • Pacific

    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
    • Northwestern Pacific: Marshall Islands; Micronesia; Northern Mariana Islands; Palau
    • South-Central Pacific: French Polynesia; Pitcairn
    • Southwestern Pacific: Fiji; Nauru; New Caledonia; Niue; Samoa; Solomon Islands; Tonga

  • Cultivated:

    . also cult.

References:

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong Flora of the West Indies (on-line resource). (F WIndies Online)
  • Boggan, J. et al. Checklist of the plants of the Guianas, ed. 2. 1997 (L Guianas ed2)
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. 1993 (L Peru)
  • Burkart, A. E., ed. Flora ilustrada de Entre Rios. 1969- (F EntreR)
  • Cheung, Siu-cheong & Ning-hon Li, eds. Chinese medicinal herbs of Hong Kong. 1978- (Chin Med Herb HK)
  • Davidse, G. et al., eds. Flora mesoamericana. 1994 (F Mesoamer)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Funk, V. et al. Checklist of the plants of the Guiana Shield (Venezuela: Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana). Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 55:1-584. 2007 (L Guiana Shield)
  • George, A. S., ed. Flora of Australia. 1980- (F Aust)
  • Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. 1990 (L Aust)
  • Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  • Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. 1974-1989 (F LAnt)
  • Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource). (Pacif I Ecosyst Risk)
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. 2008 (F ConoSur)
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  • International Legume Database & Information Service International Legume Database and Information Service (on-line resource). (ILDIS)
  • Irwin, H. S. & R. C. Barneby 1982. The American Cassiinae: a synoptical revision of Leguminosae tribe Cassieae subtribe Cassiinae in the New World Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 35:436.
  • Isely, D. Native and naturalized Leguminosae (Fabaceae) of the United States (exclusive of Alaska and Hawaii). 1998 (Leg US)
  • Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75. 1999 (L Ecuador)
  • Kumar, S & P. V. Sane Legumes of South Asia: a checklist. 2003 (Leg SAsia)
  • Lewis, G. P. Legumes of Bahia. 1987 (Leg Bahia)
  • Lock, J. M. 1988. Cassia sens. lat. (Leguminosae - Caesalpinioideae) in Africa Kew Bull. 43:340.
  • Lock, J. M. Legumes of Africa: a checklist. 1989 (Leg Africa)
  • Lock, J. M. & C. S. Ford Legumes of Malesia: a checklist. 2004 (Leg Malesia)
  • Lock, J. M. & J. Heald Legumes of Indochina: a checklist. 1994 (Leg Indochina)
  • Lock, J. M. & K. Simpson Legumes of West Asia: a checklist. 1991 (Leg WAsia)
  • Luckow, M. 1996. The cultivated species of Cassia, Senna, and Chamaecrista (Leguminosae) (Baileya) 23:226-227.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • McVaugh, R. Flora Novo-Galiciana. 1983- (F NGalicia)
  • Moerman, D. Native American ethnobotany, ed. 5. 1998 (Nat Amer Ethnobot)
  • Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants (Kulturpflanze) 34:88.
  • Parrotta, J. A. Healing plants of peninsular India. 2001 (Healing Pl India)
  • Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson Noxious weeds of Australia. 1992 (Noxweed Aust)
  • Randell, B. R. 1988. Revision of the Cassiinae in Australia. 1. Senna Miller sect. Chamaefistula (Colladon) Irwin and Barneby J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 11:41.
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Steyermark, J. A. et al., eds. Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana. 1995- (F VenGuay)
  • Vossen, H. A. M. van der & M. Wessel, eds. 2000. Stimulants (Pl Res SEAs) 16:111.
  • Weakley, A. S. Flora of the southern and middle Atlantic states. 2011 (F S Mid Atl US)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)
  • Wunderlin, R. P. Guide to the vascular plants of Florida. 1998 (F Florida)
  • Yen, Kun-Ying Illustrated Chinese materia medica: crude drugs. 1980 (Ill Chin Mat Med CrD)
  • Zuloaga, F. O. & O. Morrone, eds. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de la República Argentina. I. Pteridophyta, Gymnospermae y Angiospermae (Monocotyledonae), II. Dicotyledonae. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60, 74. 1996, 1999 (L Argent)

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Senna occidentalis (L.) Link :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • ABRS: Australian Biological Resources Study Flora of Australia online
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image