Jump to: SynonymsCommon NamesEconomic ImportanceDistributional RangeReferencesOther Web ReferencesImages

Taxon: Senna alexandrina Mill.

 
Genus: Senna
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
Subfamily: Caesalpinioideae
Tribe: Cassieae
Subtribe: Cassiinae
Nomen number: 100067
Place of publication: Gard. dict. ed. 8: Senna no. 1. 1768
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 17-Mar-1989 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 11 (2 active, 2 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Materials: tannin/dyestuff (adulterant of henna)
  • Medicines:
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (as Cassia senna)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria (s.), Egypt
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya (n.)
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Mali, Niger, Nigeria (n.)
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Mozambique (introd.?)

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Saudi Arabia, Yemen
    • WESTERN ASIA: Jordan (s.w.)

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India (s.), Pakistan (e.)


    Naturalized (natzd. in neotropics)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Bisset, N. G., ed. 1994. Herbal drugs and phytopharmaceuticals. A handbook for practice on a scientific basis CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida. Note: = Cassia angustifolia
  3. Boulos, L. 1999-. Flora of Egypt
  4. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  5. Duke, J. A. 2000. pers. comm. Note: re. common names
  6. Farnsworth, N. R. & D. D. Soejarto. 1988. Global importance of medicinal plants (unpublished draft manuscript rev. 23)
  7. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  8. Irwin, H. S. & R. C. Barneby. 1982. The American Cassiinae: a synoptical revision of Leguminosae tribe Cassieae subtribe Cassiinae in the New World. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 35:481.
  9. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster. 1996. Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2 Note: = Cassia senna
  10. Lock, J. M. 1988. Cassia sens. lat. (Leguminosae - Caesalpinioideae) in Africa. Kew Bull. 43:338.
  11. Lock, J. M. 1989. Legumes of Africa: a checklist
  12. Luckow, M. 1996. The cultivated species of Cassia, Senna, and Chamaecrista (Leguminosae). Baileya 23:215.
  13. Mabberley, D. J. 1997. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2
  14. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  15. Norton, J. et al. 2009. Illustrated checklist of the flora of Qatar.
  16. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  17. Thulin, M., ed. 1993-. Flora of Somalia.

Check other web resources for Senna alexandrina Mill. :

  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?100067. Accessed 19 October 2019.