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Taxon: Solanum aculeatissimum Jacq.

 
Genus: Solanum
Subgenus: Leptostemonum
Section: Acanthophora
Family: Solanaceae
Subfamily: Solanoideae
Tribe: Solaneae
Nomen number: 100446
Place of publication: Collectanea 1:100. 1787 Jan-Sep ("1786"); Icon. pl. rar. 1: t. 41. 1787 ("1781-1786")
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 29-Nov-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 13-Mar-2012
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 14 (3 active, 3 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Synonyms:

Common names:

  • Dutch eggplant  (Source: Zander ed17) - English
  • love-apple  (Source: Baileya) - English

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Baileya 8:28. 1960; Hortus 3; Dict Gard)
  • Medicines:
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals; mammals

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Ethiopia
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Burundi, Cameroon, Rwanda, Zaire
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Cote D'Ivoire, Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Malawi, Zambia
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Lesotho, South Africa [Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West, Western Cape]

    Southern America
    • BRAZIL: Brazil [Minas Gerais, Parana, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, Sao Paulo]
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Paraguay [Guaira]


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India [Assam]


    Other (exact native range obscure)

References:

  1. Bubici, G. & M. Cirulli 2008. Screening and selection of eggplant and wild relatives species for resistance to Leveillula taurica (Euphytica) 164:339-345.
  2. Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston Manual of the vascular plants of Texas. 1970 (F Tex)
  3. Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage. 2002 (Zander ed17)
  4. Exell, A. W. et al., eds. Flora zambesiaca. (F Zamb)
  5. Freire de Varvalho, L. d'A. 1997. Diversidade taxonômica das Solanáceas no estado do Rio de Janeiro (Brasil) – II - Lycianthes e Solanum (Albertoa) 4:283.
  6. George, A. S., ed. Flora of Australia. (F Aust)
  7. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  8. Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. (L Nepal)
  9. Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards Flora of Ethiopia. 1989- (and Eritrea. 2000) (F Ethiop)
  10. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  11. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. (F ConoSur)
  12. IPGRI New World Fruits Database (on-line resource). (New World Fruits)
  13. Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. (Kingsbury)
  14. Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. 1985 (Lampe & McCann)
  15. Lawrence, G. H. M. 1960. The cultivated species of Solanum (Baileya) 8:28.
  16. Levin, R. A. et al. 2006. Phylogenetic relationships among the "spiny solanums" Solanum subgenus Leptostemonum, Solanaceae) Amer. J. Bot. 93:157-169.
  17. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  18. Nee, M. 1991. Synopsis of Solanum section Acanthophora: a group of interest for glycoalkaloids (Solan III) 265.
  19. Nee, M. 1999. Synopsis of Solanum in the New World (Solan IV) 328.
  20. PBI Solanum Project Solanaceae source: a global taxonomic resource for the nightshade family (on-line resource). (Solanaceae Source)
  21. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  22. Welman, W. G. 2003. The genus Solanum (Solanaceae) in southern Africa: subgenus Leptostemonum, the introduced sections Acanthophora and Torva (Bothalia) 33:3-5.
  23. Whalen, M. D. 1984. Conspectus of species groups in Solanum subgenus Leptostemonum (Gentes Herbarum) 12:252.

Check other web resources for Solanum aculeatissimum Jacq. :

  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • ABRS: Australian Biological Resources Study Flora of Australia online
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • New World Fruits Database: Online database from Bioversity International
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Solanaceae Source: A global taxonomic resource for the nightshade family
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?100446. Accessed 16 November 2018.