Taxon: Solanum americanum Mill.

 
Genus: Solanum
  Subgenus: Solanum
    Section: Solanum
Family: Solanaceae
  Subfamily: Solanoideae
      Tribe: Solaneae
Nomen number: 100795
Place of publication: Gard. dict. ed. 8: Solanum no. 5. 1768
Comment: non Solanum americanum auct. (= S. ptychanthum Dunal)
Name Verified on: 29-Nov-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 4 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • American nightshade  (Source: F Tex) - English
  • black nightshade  (Source: Ann Mo BG) - English
  • glossy nightshade  (Source: Aust Pl Common Names) - English
  • small-flower nightshade  (Source: BSBI) - English
  • hierba mora negra  (Source: F Tex) - Spanish
  • amerikansk nattskatta  (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn) - Swedish

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: vegetable (fide Prom Underused Crops 15:25. 1997)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Ann Mo BG 4:836. 1974)

Distributional Range:

    Other:

    . exact native range obscure

    Native:

  • Northern America

    • : Mexico
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Oregon, - Washington
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico, - Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, - Florida, - Georgia, - Louisiana, - Mississippi
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, - California
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Caribbean: Antigua and Barbuda; Barbados; Cuba; Dominica; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Hispaniola; Jamaica; Martinique; Montserrat; Puerto Rico; St. Kitts and Nevis - St. Kitts; St. Lucia; St. Vincent and Grenadines - St. Vincent
    • Mesoamerica: Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama
    • Northern South America: French Guiana; Guyana; Suriname; Venezuela
    • Southern South America: Paraguay
    • Western South America: Bolivia; Colombia; Ecuador; Peru

  • Naturalized:

    . widely natzd. in tropics

References:

  • PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. 1993 (L Peru)
  • Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston Manual of the vascular plants of Texas. 1970 (F Tex)
  • D'Arcy, W. G. 1974. Solanum and its close relatives in Florida Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 61:834.
  • Duncan, W. H. & J. T. Kartesz Vascular flora of Georgia: an annotated checklist. 1981 (L Georgia)
  • Edmonds, J. M. 1972. A synopsis of the taxonomy of Solanum sect. Solanum (Maurella) in South America Kew Bull. 27:103.
  • Edmonds, J. M. & J. A. Chweya 1997. Black nightshades. Solanum nigrum L. and related species (Prom Underused Crops) 15:22.
  • Exell, A. W. et al., eds. Flora zambesiaca. 1960- (F Zamb)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Freire de Varvalho, L. d'A. 1997. Diversidade taxônomica das Solanáceas no estado do Rio de Janeiro (Brasil) - II - Lycianthes e Solanum (Albertoa) 4:284.
  • Gómez-Pompa, A. & V. Sosa, eds. Flora de Veracruz. 1978- (F Veracruz)
  • George, A. S., ed. Flora of Australia. 1980- (F Aust)
  • Henderson, R. J. F. 1974. Solanum nigrum L. (Solanaceae) and related species in Australia Contr. Queensland Herb. 16:33.
  • Hickman, J. C., ed. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California. 1993 (F CalifJep)
  • Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. 1974-1989 (F LAnt)
  • Humbert, J.-H., ed. Flore de Madagascar et des Comores. 1936- (F Madag)
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  • IPGRI New World Fruits Database (on-line resource). (New World Fruits)
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 1994 (L US Can ed2)
  • Martin, W. C. & C. R. Hutchins A flora of New Mexico. 1980 (F New Mex)
  • Missouri Botanical Garden W³Tropicos (on-line resource). (TROPICOS)
  • Nee, M. 1999. Synopsis of Solanum in the New World (Solan IV) 306.
  • PBI Solanum Project Solanaceae source: a global taxonomic resource for the nightshade family (on-line resource). (Solanaceae Source)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Schilling, E. E. 1981. Systematics of Solanum sect. Solanum (Solanaceae) in North America Syst. Bot. 6:181.
  • Schilling, E. E. et al. 1992. Common names and species identification in black nightshades Solanum sect. Solanum (Solanaceae) Econ. Bot. 46:223-225.
  • Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually). (State Noxweed Seed)
  • Siemonsma, J. S. & Kasem Piluek, eds. 1993. Vegetables (Pl Res SEAs) 8:252.
  • Symon, D. E. 1981. A revision of the genus Solanum in Australia J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 4:1-367.
  • Thulin, M., ed. Flora of Somalia. 1993- (F Somalia)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource). (Malezas Mex)
  • Wunderlin, R. P. Guide to the vascular plants of Florida. 1998 (F Florida)

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Solanum americanum Mill. :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image