Taxon: Solanum carolinense L.

 
Genus: Solanum
  Subgenus: Leptostemonum
    Section: Lathyrocarpum
Family: Solanaceae
  Subfamily: Solanoideae
      Tribe: Solaneae
Nomen number: 100938
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:187. 1753
Name Verified on: 30-Nov-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: Potato Germplasm Introduction Station (NR6)
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • ball nightshade  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • ball-nettle  (Source: Baileya) - English
  • Carolina horse-nettle  (Source: F GPlains) - English
  • horse-nettle  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English

Economic Importance:

  • Harmful organism host: crop diseases (fide Diseas Comp)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kingsbury; Lampe & McCann)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide F GPlains; J Adel BG 4:152. 1981)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada - Ontario
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, - Iowa, - Kansas, - Minnesota, - Nebraska, - Oklahoma, - South Dakota, - Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, - Indiana, - Massachusetts, - Michigan, - New York, - Ohio, - Pennsylvania, - Rhode Island, - Vermont, - West Virginia
    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Sonora
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico, - Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, - Arkansas, - Florida, - Georgia, - Kentucky, - Louisiana, - Maryland, - Mississippi, - North Carolina, - South Carolina, - Tennessee, - Virginia

  • Naturalized:

    . natzd. elsewhere

References:

  • Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston Manual of the vascular plants of Texas. 1970 (F Tex)
  • D'Arcy, W. G. 1974. Solanum and its close relatives in Florida Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 61:839.
  • Foster, S. & J. A. Duke A field guide to medicinal plants: Eastern/Central North America, 2nd ed. 2000 (EastC Med Pl)
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2. 1991 (Glea Cron ed2)
  • Grellin, J. K. & J. Philpott A reference guide to medicinal plants. 1990 (RefGuide MedPl)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 1994 (L US Can ed2)
  • Kindscher, K. Medicinal wild plants of the prairie: an ethnobotanical guide. 1992 (Med Wild Pl Prairie)
  • Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. 1964 (Kingsbury)
  • Knapp, S. & C. E. Jarvis 1990. The typification of the names of New World Solanum species described by Linnaeus Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 104:329.
  • Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. 1985 (Lampe & McCann)
  • Lawrence, G. H. M. 1960. The cultivated species of Solanum (Baileya) 8:30.
  • Levin, R. A. et al. 2006. Phylogenetic relationships among the "spiny solanums" Solanum subgenus Leptostemonum, Solanaceae) Amer. J. Bot. 93:157-169.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Martin, W. C. & C. R. Hutchins A flora of New Mexico. 1980 (F New Mex)
  • McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association) Flora of the Great Plains. 1986 (F GPlains)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Moerman, D. Native American ethnobotany, ed. 5. 1998 (Nat Amer Ethnobot)
  • Nee, M. 1999. Synopsis of Solanum in the New World (Solan IV) 318.
  • PBI Solanum Project Solanaceae source: a global taxonomic resource for the nightshade family (on-line resource). (Solanaceae Source)
  • Pearson, R. C. 1988. Compendium of grape diseases (Diseas Comp) 51.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. 1978-1979 (F Canada)
  • Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually). (State Noxweed Seed)
  • Seymour, F. The flora of New England. 1969 (F NEng)
  • Shreve, F. & I. L. Wiggins Vegetation and flora of the Sonoran desert. 1964 (F SonorDes)
  • Symon, D. E. 1981. A revision of the genus Solanum in Australia J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 4:152.
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)

Check other web resources for Solanum carolinense L. :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image