Taxon: Tribulus terrestris L.

 
Genus: Tribulus
Family: Zygophyllaceae
  Subfamily: Tribuloideae
Nomen number: 100965
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:387. 1753
Name Verified on: 20-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 0 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kingsbury; Kellerman et al.)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Atlas WWeed)

Distributional Range:

    Other:

    . exact native range obscure

    Native:

  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    • Macaronesia: Spain - Canary Islands
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Somalia
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Egypt; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia
    • South Tropical Africa: Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: Botswana; Lesotho; Namibia; South Africa; Swaziland
    • West Tropical Africa: Benin; Ghana; Mali; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal; Togo
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Cameroon; Gabon; Zaire
    • Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Arabian Peninsula: Kuwait; Saudi Arabia
    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia - Ciscaucasia
    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    • Mongolia: Mongolia
    • Siberia: Russian Federation-Western Siberia - Western Siberia
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Cyprus; Egypt - Sinai; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India; Pakistan
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Moldova; Russian Federation-European part - European part; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Hungary; Slovakia
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy; Romania; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain

  • Naturalized:

    . widely natzd.

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. Flora of Libya. 1976- (F Libya)
  • Arnold, T. H. & B. C. De Wet, eds. Plants of southern Africa: names and distribution. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa no. 62. 1993 (Pl SAfr)
  • Barker, R. M. 1998. A trial key and notes on Tribulus (Zygophyllaceae) in Australia, including one new species and validation of Tribulus suberosus (Nuytsia) 12:29.
  • Bensky, D., A. Gamble, & T. J. Kaptchuk Chinese herbal medicine: Materia medica, rev. ed. 1993 (Chin Herb Med)
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • Exell, A. W. et al., eds. Flora zambesiaca. 1960- (F Zamb)
  • Foster, S. & C. Hobbs A field guide to Western medicinal plants and herbs. 2002 (W Med Pl Herbs)
  • Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards Flora of Ethiopia. 1989- (and Eritrea. 2000) (F Ethiop)
  • Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard) 4:497.
  • Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres. 2004 (L Canarias)
  • Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. 1953-1972 (F WT Afr)
  • Kellerman, T. S. et al. Plant poisonings and mycotoxicoses of livestock in Southern Africa. 1988 (Kellerman et al.)
  • Keys, J. D. Chinese herbs: their botany, chemistry, and pharmacodynamics. 1976 (Chin Herbs)
  • Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. 1964 (Kingsbury)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. 1934-1964 (F USSR)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Merxmüller, H., ed. Prodromus einer flora von Sudwestafrika. 1966-1972 (F Namib)
  • Middleditch, B. S. & A. M. Amer Kuwaiti plants: distribution, traditional medicine, phytochemistry,... economic value (Studies in Plant Science 2). 1991 (Kuwait Pl)
  • Moerman, D. Native American ethnobotany, ed. 5. 1998 (Nat Amer Ethnobot)
  • Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants (Kulturpflanze) 34:132.
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. 1970- (F Pak)
  • National Institute for the Control of Pharmaceutical & Biological Products Colour atlas of Chinese traditional drugs, Vol 1. 1987 (Atlas Chin Drugs)
  • Parrotta, J. A. Healing plants of peninsular India. 2001 (Healing Pl India)
  • Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson Noxious weeds of Australia. 1992 (Noxweed Aust)
  • Quézel, P. & S. Santa Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie. 1962-1963 (F Alger)
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. 1963- (F Iran)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Robyns, W. et al., eds. Flore du Congo belge et du Ruanda-Urundi. 1948-63 (F CongoRB)
  • Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually). (State Noxweed Seed)
  • Thulin, M., ed. Flora of Somalia. 1993- (F Somalia)
  • Tirtha, SadaShiva The Ayurveda encyclopedia: Natural secrets to healing, prevention, and longevity. 1998 (Ayurveda Ency)
  • Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest Flora of Iraq. 1966- (F Iraq)
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. 1952- (F TE Afr)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. Flora of Panama. 1943-1980 (F Panama)

Check other web resources for Tribulus terrestris L. :

Images:

  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image