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Taxon: Viola alba Besser

 
Genus: Viola
Family: Violaceae
Subfamily: Violoideae
Tribe: Violeae
Nomen number: 101095
Place of publication: Prim. fl. Galiciae austriac. 1:171. 1809
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 13-Feb-2003 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 25-Feb-2004
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 1 (1 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring; flavoring

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria (n.), Morocco (n.), Tunisia (n.)

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Cyprus, Iraq (n.), Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]

    Europe
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland (s.), Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Moldova, Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Naturalized

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Sweden
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: Portugal


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Castroviejo, S. et al., eds. Flora iberica: plantas vasculares de la Peninsula Iberica e Islas Baleares. (F Iberica)
  3. Craker, L. E. & J. E. Simon, eds. Herbs, spices, and medicinal plants, 2 vols. (HerbSpices)
  4. Czerepanov, S. K. Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (the former USSR). 1995 (L USSR)
  5. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  6. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2. 1991 (Glea Cron ed2)
  7. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  8. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  9. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  10. Marcussen, T. 2003. Evolution, phylogeography, and taxonomy within the Viola alba complex (Violaceae) Pl. Syst. Evol. 237:51-74.
  11. Marcussen, T. & I. Nordal 1998. Viola suavis, a new species in the Nordic flora, with analyses of the relation to other species in the subsection Viola (Violaceae) Nordic J. Bot. 18:221.
  12. Meikle, R. D. Flora of Cyprus. (F Cyprus)
  13. Mouterde, P. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie. (F Liban)
  14. Pignatti, S. Flora d'Italia. (F Ital)
  15. Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  16. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest Flora of Iraq. (F Iraq)
  17. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)

Check other web resources for Viola alba Besser :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Viola alba cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?101095. Accessed 10 December 2018.