Taxon: Solanum melongena L.

Genus: Solanum
  Subgenus: Leptostemonum
    Section: Melongena
Family: Solanaceae
  Subfamily: Solanoideae
      Tribe: Solaneae
Nomen number: 101312
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:186. 1753
Name Verified on: 02-Dec-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 02-Dec-2010
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 1205 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: vegetable (fide Pl Book; Food Feed Crops US)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kingsbury)

Distributional Range:


    . probable independent origins in s. & e. Asia


    . sometimes natzd.


    . widely cult.


  • PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
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  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Batra, L. R. Names of Japanese plants sorted by their Japanese names in Romanized Katakana and scientific nomenclature. 1995 (Names Batra)
  • Correll, D. S. 1962. The potato and its wild relatives. Contr. Texas Res. Found., Bot. Stud. 4:1-606. 1962 (Potato WR) 35.
  • Demilly, D. et al. Liste alphabétique des principales espèces de plantes cultivées et de mauvaises herbes. Noms latins et noms français, ed. 7. 2001 (L Noms French ed7)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Furini, A. & J. Wunder 2004. Analysis of eggplant (Solanum melongena)-related germplasm: morphological and AFLP data contribute to phylogenetic interpretations and germplasm utilization Theor. Appl. Genet. 108:197-208.
  • Hepper, F. N. & P.-M. L. Jaeger 1985. The typification of six Linnaean names in Solanum Kew Bull. 40:387-391.
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 1994 (L US Can ed2)
  • Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. 1964 (Kingsbury)
  • Knapp, S. et al. 2013. Wild relatives of the eggplant (Solanum melongena L.: Solanaceae): new understanding of species names in a complex group (PloS One) 8(2):e57039[10].
  • Lee, Y. N. Flora of Korea. 1997 (F Korea)
  • Lester, R. N. 1986. Taxonomy of scarlet eggplant, Solanum aethiopicum L. Acta Hort. 182:126-127.
  • Lester, R. N. & S. M. Z. Hasan 1991. Origin and domestication of the Brinjal egg-plant, Solanum melongena, from S. incanum, in Africa and Asia (Solan III) 369-387.
  • Lester, R. N. & S. M. Z. Hasan 1990. The distinction between Solanum incanum L. and Solanum insanum L. (Solanaceae) (Taxon) 39:521-523.
  • Levin, R. A. et al. 2006. Phylogenetic relationships among the "spiny solanums" Solanum subgenus Leptostemonum, Solanaceae) Amer. J. Bot. 93:157-169.
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  • Symon, D. E. 1981. A revision of the genus Solanum in Australia J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 4:1-367.
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  • Weese, T. L. & L. Bohs 2010. Eggplant origins: out of Africa, into the Orient (Taxon) 59:49-56.
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Solanum melongena L. :


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image