Taxon: Solanum dulcamara L.

 
Genus: Solanum
  Subgenus: Solanum
    Section: Dulcamara
Family: Solanaceae
  Subfamily: Solanoideae
      Tribe: Solaneae
Nomen number: 101313
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:185. 1753
Name Verified on: 30-Nov-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: Potato Germplasm Introduction Station (NR6)
Accessions: 29 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Pammel; BernhardSmith; Der Marderosian; Kingsbury; Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Baileya 8:30. 1960; Hortus 3)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Africa

    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Morocco; Tunisia
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Dagestan; Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia - Ciscaucasia
    • China: China - Hebei, - Heilongjiang, - Jilin, - Liaoning, - Nei Monggol, - Qinghai, - Sichuan, - Xinjiang, - Yunnan
    • Middle Asia: Turkmenistan
    • Mongolia: Mongolia
    • Siberia: Russian Federation-Western Siberia - Western Siberia
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India; Nepal; Pakistan
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation-European part - European part; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain

  • Naturalized:

    . natzd. elsewhere

References:

  • Webster's third new international dictionary. 1961 (Websters Dict)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • BernhardSmith, A. Poisonous plants of all countries, 2nd ed. 1923 (BernhardSmith)
  • Blumenthal, M., ed. The complete German Commission E monographs: therapeutic guide to herbal medicines. 1998 (German CommE Monog)
  • Bohs, L. 2005. Major clades in Solanum based on ndhF sequence data Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 104:27-49.
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. 1959- (F China)
  • Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  • Correll, D. S. 1962. The potato and its wild relatives. Contr. Texas Res. Found., Bot. Stud. 4:1-606. 1962 (Potato WR) 35.
  • Cronquist, A. et al. Intermountain flora. 1972- (Intermt F)
  • Der Marderosian, A. & L. Liberti Natural product medicine: a scientific guide to foods, drugs, cosmetics. 1988 (Der Marderosian)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage. 2002 (Zander ed17)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Foster, S. & C. Hobbs A field guide to Western medicinal plants and herbs. 2002 (W Med Pl Herbs)
  • Foster, S. & J. A. Duke A field guide to medicinal plants: Eastern/Central North America, 2nd ed. 2000 (EastC Med Pl)
  • Grellin, J. K. & J. Philpott A reference guide to medicinal plants. 1990 (RefGuide MedPl)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Jahandiez, E. & R. Maire Catalogue des plantes du Maroc. 1931-1941 (L Maroc)
  • Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. 1964 (Kingsbury)
  • Knapp, S. & C. E. Jarvis 1990. The typification of the names of New World Solanum species described by Linnaeus Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 104:335.
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. 1934-1964 (F USSR)
  • Lawrence, G. H. M. 1960. The cultivated species of Solanum (Baileya) 8:30.
  • Levin, R. A. et al. 2006. Phylogenetic relationships among the "spiny solanums" Solanum subgenus Leptostemonum, Solanaceae) Amer. J. Bot. 93:157-169.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Moerman, D. Native American ethnobotany, ed. 5. 1998 (Nat Amer Ethnobot)
  • Mouterde, P. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie. 1966- (F Liban)
  • Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource). (Can Poison Pl)
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. 1970- (F Pak)
  • Nee, M. 1999. Synopsis of Solanum in the New World (Solan IV) 295.
  • Pammel, L. H. Manual of poisonous plants. 1911 (Pammel)
  • PBI Solanum Project Solanaceae source: a global taxonomic resource for the nightshade family (on-line resource). (Solanaceae Source)
  • Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Pottier-Alapetite, G. Flore de la Tunisie: Angiospermes-Dicotyledones. 1979-1981 (F Tunis)
  • Quézel, P. & S. Santa Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie. 1962-1963 (F Alger)
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. 1963- (F Iran)
  • Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually). (State Noxweed Seed)
  • Symon, D. E. 1981. A revision of the genus Solanum in Australia J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 4:61.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Van Wyk, B.-E. & M. Wink Medicinal plants of the world. 2004 (Med Pl World)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Solanum dulcamara L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Solanaceae Source: A global taxonomic resource for the nightshade family
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image