Taxon: Allium chinense G. Don

 
Genus: Allium
  Subgenus: Cepa
    Section: Sacculiferum
Family: Amaryllidaceae
  Subfamily: Allioideae
      Tribe: Allieae
Nomen number: 101417
Place of publication: Mem. Wern. Nat. Hist. Soc. 6:83. 1827 ("1832")
Name Verified on: 03-Jun-2009 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 03-Jun-2009
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6)
Accessions: 4 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: vegetable (bulbs used mostly as pickles fide Crop Prod Sci Hort 3:13. 1994)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of onion (fide Theor Appl Genet 92:417. 1996; Theor Appl Genet 107:4. 2003)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of Welsh onion (fide Theor Appl Genet 92:417. 1996; Theor Appl Genet 107:4. 2003)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Pl Res SEAs 8:71. 1993)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China - Anhui, - Fujian, - Guangdong, - Guangxi, - Guizhou, - Hainan, - Henan, - Hubei, - Hunan, - Jiangxi, - Zhejiang

  • Cultivated:

  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan; Korea
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indo-China: Indochina
    • Malesia: Indonesia
  • Northern America

    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - California
  • Pacific

    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
  • Southern America

    • Caribbean: Cuba

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Bensky, D., A. Gamble, & T. J. Kaptchuk Chinese herbal medicine: Materia medica, rev. ed. 1993 (Chin Herb Med)
  • Brewster, J. L. 1994. Onions and other vegetable alliums Crop Prod. Sci. Hort. 3:13.
  • Czerepanov, S. K. Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (the former USSR). 1995 (L USSR)
  • Facciola, S. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants. 1990 (Cornucopia)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • Keller, E. R. J. et al. 1996. Interspecific crosses of onion with distant Allium species and characterization of the presumed hybrids by means of flow cytometry, karyotype analysis and genomic in situ hybridization Theor. Appl. Genet. 92:417.
  • Keller, E. R. J. et al. 1996. Interspecific crosses of onion with distant Allium species and characterization of the presumed hybrids by means of flow cytometry, karyotype analysis and genomic in situ hybridization Theor. Appl. Genet. 92:417.
  • Keys, J. D. Chinese herbs: their botany, chemistry, and pharmacodynamics. 1976 (Chin Herbs)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Mann, L. K. & W. T. Stearn 1960. Rakkyo or Ch'iao T'ou (Allium chinense G. Don, syn. A. bakeri Regel) a little known vegetable crop Econ. Bot. 14:69-83.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants (Kulturpflanze) 34:76
  • Ohwi, J. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.). 1965 (F JapanOhwi)
  • Pandey, A. et al. 2008. Realizing value of genetic resources of Allium in India Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 55:985-994.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Siemonsma, J. S. & Kasem Piluek, eds. 1993. Vegetables (Pl Res SEAs) 8:71-73.
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)
  • Yanagino, T. et al. 2003. Production and characterization of an interspecific hybrid between leek and garlic Theor. Appl. Genet. 107:4.
  • Yanagino, T. et al. 2003. Production and characterization of an interspecific hybrid between leek and garlic Theor. Appl. Genet. 107:4.

Synonyms:

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