Taxon: Solanum torvum Sw.

 
Genus: Solanum
  Subgenus: Leptostemonum
    Section: Torva
Family: Solanaceae
  Subfamily: Solanoideae
      Tribe: Solaneae
Nomen number: 101441
Place of publication: Prodr. 47. 1788, nom. cons. prop.
Comment: proposed for conservation (nom. cons. prop.) with a conserved type (Melbourne ICN Art. 14.9)
Name Verified on: 28-Nov-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 22-Jan-2015
Species priority site is: Potato Germplasm Introduction Station (NR6)
Accessions: 9 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: fruit (fide Cornucopia)
  • Human food: vegetable (fide Cornucopia)
  • Gene sources: disease resistance for eggplant (fide Pl Cell Tissue Cult 65:98. 2001)
  • Gene sources: graft stock for lulo (fide Pl Res SEAs 8:260. 1993)
  • Gene sources: graft stock relative for eggplant (fide Scient Hort 2011)
  • Gene sources: pest resistance for eggplant (fide Pl Cell Tissue Cult 65:98. 2001)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of eggplant (fide Pl Breed (NY) 117:159-164. 1998)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Bothalia 33:15. 2003)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Econ Pl Aust; J. Adel BG 4:116. 1981)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Northern America

    • Southern Mexico: Mexico - Chiapas, - Veracruz, - Yucatan
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil - Bahia, - Espirito Santo, - Paraiba, - Pernambuco, - Rio de Janeiro, - Sao Paulo
    • Caribbean: Antigua and Barbuda - Antigua; Bahamas; Barbados; Cuba; Dominica; Dominican Republic; Grenada; Haiti; Jamaica; Martinique; Montserrat; Puerto Rico; St. Kitts and Nevis; St. Lucia; St. Vincent and Grenadines; Virgin Islands (British); Virgin Islands (U.S.)
    • Mesoamerica: Belize; Costa Rica; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama
    • Northern South America: French Guiana; Guyana; Venezuela
    • Western South America: Colombia; Ecuador

  • Naturalized:

    . widely natzd. elsewhere

References:

  • PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. et al. Flora of St. John, U.S. Virgin Islands. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 78:1-581. 1996 (F St John)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Applequist, W. L. 2013. Report of the Committee for Spermatophyta: 65 (Taxon) 62:1317.
  • Arao, T. et al. 2008. Reduction of cadmium translocation from roots to shoots in eggplant (Solanum melongena) by grafting onto Solanum torvum rootstock Soil Sci. Pl. Nutr. 54:555-559.
  • Aubréville, A. et al., eds. Flore de la Nouvelle Caledonie et dependances. 1967- (F NCaled)
  • Balick, M. J. et al. Checklist of the vascular plants of Belize, with common names and uses. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 85. 2000 (L Belize NY)
  • Bletsos, F. A. et al. 1998. Interspecific hybrids between three eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) cultivars and two wild species (Solanum torvum Sw. and Solanum sisymbriifolium Lam.) Pl. Breed. (New York) 117:159-164.
  • Collonnier, C. et al. 2001. Applications of biotechnology in eggplant Pl. Cell Tissue Organ Cult. 65:91-107.
  • Collonnier, C. et al. 2001. Applications of biotechnology in eggplant Pl. Cell Tissue Organ Cult. 65:91-107.
  • Correll, D. S. & H. B. Correll Flora of the Bahama archipelago. 1982 (F Bahamas)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage. 2002 (Zander ed17)
  • Exell, A. W. et al., eds. Flora zambesiaca. 1960- (F Zamb)
  • Facciola, S. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants. 1990 (Cornucopia)
  • Figueiredo, E. & G. F. Smith Plants of Angola. Strelitzia 22: 1-279. 2008 (Pl Angol)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource). (L Brasil Online)
  • Funk, V. et al. Checklist of the plants of the Guiana Shield (Venezuela: Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana). Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 55:1-584. 2007 (L Guiana Shield)
  • Gómez-Pompa, A. & V. Sosa, eds. Flora de Veracruz. 1978- (F Veracruz)
  • George, A. S., ed. Flora of Australia. 1980- (F Aust)
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  • Gisbert, C. et al. 2011. Eggplant relatives as sources of variation for developing new rootstocks: effects of grafting on eggplant yield and fruit apparent quality and composition Sci. Hort. 128:14-22.
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Hansen, A. & P. Sunding Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17. 1993 (L Macar ed4)
  • Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  • Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. 1974-1989 (F LAnt)
  • Humbert, J.-H., ed. Flore de Madagascar et des Comores. 1936- (F Madag)
  • Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75. 1999 (L Ecuador)
  • Jarl, C. I. et al. 1998. Transfer of fungal tolerance through interspecific somatic hybridisation between Solanum melongena and S. torvum Pl. Cell Rep. 18:791-796.
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 1994 (L US Can ed2)
  • Knapp, S. 2011. (2030) Proposal to conserve the name Solanum torvum (Solanaceae) with a conserved type (Taxon) 60:1523-1524.
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  • León (J. S. Sauget) & Alain (E. E. Liogier) Flora de Cuba. 1946-1962; suppl. 1969 (F CubaLeon)
  • Levin, R. A. et al. 2006. Phylogenetic relationships among the "spiny solanums" Solanum subgenus Leptostemonum, Solanaceae) Amer. J. Bot. 93:157-169.
  • Liogier, A. H. Flora of Hispaniola: Part 1; La Flora de la Española. Part II-. 1981- (F Hispan)
  • Liogier, H. A. Descriptive flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands. 1984- (F PuertoR)
  • Macbride, J. F. et al., eds. Flora of Peru. 1936-1971; new ser. 1980- (F Peru)
  • Nee, M. 1999. Synopsis of Solanum in the New World (Solan IV) 326.
  • Nelson, C. H. N. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Honduras. 2008 (L Honduras)
  • Parrotta, J. A. Healing plants of peninsular India. 2001 (Healing Pl India)
  • PBI Solanum Project Solanaceae source: a global taxonomic resource for the nightshade family (on-line resource). (Solanaceae Source)
  • Pittier, H. F. et al. Catálogo de la flora venezolana. 1945-1947 (L Venez)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually). (State Noxweed Seed)
  • Siemonsma, J. S. & Kasem Piluek, eds. 1993. Vegetables (Pl Res SEAs) 8:258-260.
  • Smith, A. C. Flora vitiensis nova. 1979-1991 (F Viti)
  • Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark Flora of Guatemala. 1946-1976 (F Guat)
  • Stevens, W. D. et al., eds. Flora de Nicaragua. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 85(1-3). 2001 (F Nicaragua)
  • Symon, D. E. 1981. A revision of the genus Solanum in Australia J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 4:115.
  • Vorontsova, M. et al. 2013. African spiny Solanum (subgenus Leptostemonum, Solanaceae): a thorny phylogenetic tangle Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172:176-193.
  • Welman, W. G. 2003. The genus Solanum (Solanaceae) in southern Africa: subgenus Leptostemonum, the introduced sections Acanthophora and Torva (Bothalia) 33:13-15.
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Solanum torvum Sw. :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • ABRS: Australian Biological Resources Study Flora of Australia online
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Solanaceae Source: A global taxonomic resource for the nightshade family
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images: