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Taxon: Alternanthera philoxeroides (Mart.) Griseb.

 
Genus: Alternanthera
Family: Amaranthaceae
Nomen number: 101502
Place of publication: Abh. Königl. Ges. Wiss. Göttingen 24:36. 1879 (Symb. fl. argent.)
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 12-Mar-2004 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 13-Mar-2017
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 0 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Synonyms:

Common names:

  • alligator-weed  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • piriquito  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • xi han lian zi cao  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: forage
  • Environmental: ornamental
  • Medicines:
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Southern America
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina (n.), Paraguay, Uruguay


    Cultivated

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China (c.)

    Asia-Tropical
    • MALESIA: Indonesia [Java, Kalimantan]

    Northern America
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Louisiana]


    Naturalized

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Taiwan

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Northern America
    • United States

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: West Indies


References:

  1. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource) (Mid Atl Invasive Pl)
  2. Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. 1993 (L Peru)
  3. Buckingham, G. R. 1996. Biological control of alligatorweed, Alternanthera philoxeroides, the world's first aquatic weed success story (Castanea) 61:232-243.
  4. Burkart, A. E., ed. Flora ilustrada de Entre Rios. (F EntreR)
  5. Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants Florida state list aquatic & wetland noxious weeds - from Department of Environmental Protection (on-line resource). (FL AquaNoxweed)
  6. Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston Manual of the vascular plants of Texas. 1970 (F Tex)
  7. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  8. Görts-van Rijn, A. R. A., ed. Flora of the Guianas. (F Guianas)
  9. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  10. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  11. Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. (L Aust)
  12. Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  13. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  14. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  15. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  16. Long, R. W. & O. Lakela A flora of tropical Florida. (F TFla)
  17. Mears, J. A. 1978. The nomenclature and type collections of the widespread taxa of Alternanthera (Amaranthaceae) Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 129:14-16.
  18. Padua, L. S. de et al., eds. 1999. Medicinal and poisonous plants 1 (Pl Res SEAs) 12(1):108.
  19. Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson Noxious weeds of Australia. 1992 (Noxweed Aust)
  20. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  21. Reitz, R., ed. Flora ilustrada catarinense. (F SCatarin)
  22. Steyermark, J. A. et al., eds. Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana. (F VenGuay)
  23. USDA National Agricultural Library National Invasive Species Information Center (on-line resource). (Nat Invasive Sp Info)
  24. Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  25. Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. Flora of Panama. (F Panama)
  26. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Alternanthera philoxeroides (Mart.) Griseb. :

  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?101502. Accessed 12 November 2018.