Taxon: Alternanthera philoxeroides (Mart.) Griseb.

 
Genus: Alternanthera
Family: Amaranthaceae
Nomen number: 101502
Place of publication: Abh. Königl. Ges. Wiss. Göttingen 24:36. 1879 (Symb. fl. argent.)
Name Verified on: 12-Mar-2004 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 0 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • alligator-weed  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • piriquito  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • xi han lian zi cao  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (aquarium plant fide Dict Gard; Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Animal food: forage (fide Mansf Ency)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Pl Res SEAs 12(1):108. 1999)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Econ Pl Aust; Castanea 61:232-243. 1996; Invasive Pl Spec)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Northern South America: French Guiana; Guyana; Suriname; Venezuela
    • Southern South America: Argentina; Paraguay; Uruguay
    • Western South America: Bolivia; Peru

  • Naturalized:

  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Taiwan
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Northern America

    • : United States
  • Southern America

    • Caribbean: West Indies

  • Cultivated:

  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Malesia: Indonesia - Kalimantan, - Java
  • Northern America

    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Louisiana

References:

  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. 1993 (L Peru)
  • Buckingham, G. R. 1996. Biological control of alligatorweed, Alternanthera philoxeroides, the world's first aquatic weed success story (Castanea) 61:232-243.
  • Burkart, A. E., ed. Flora ilustrada de Entre Rios. 1969- (F EntreR)
  • Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants Florida state list aquatic & wetland noxious weeds - from Department of Environmental Protection (on-line resource). (FL AquaNoxweed)
  • Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston Manual of the vascular plants of Texas. 1970 (F Tex)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Görts-van Rijn, A. R. A., ed. Flora of the Guianas. 1986- (F Guianas)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. 1990 (L Aust)
  • Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Long, R. W. & O. Lakela A flora of tropical Florida. 1971 (F TFla)
  • Mears, J. A. 1978. The nomenclature and type collections of the widespread taxa of Alternanthera (Amaranthaceae) Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 129:14-16.
  • Padua, L. S. de et al., eds. 1999. Medicinal and poisonous plants 1 (Pl Res SEAs) 12(1):108.
  • Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson Noxious weeds of Australia. 1992 (Noxweed Aust)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Reitz, R., ed. Flora ilustrada catarinense. 1965- (F SCatarin)
  • Steyermark, J. A. et al., eds. Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana. 1995- (F VenGuay)
  • USDA National Agricultural Library National Invasive Species Information Center (on-line resource). (Nat Invasive Sp Info)
  • Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. Flora of Panama. 1943-1980 (F Panama)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Alternanthera philoxeroides (Mart.) Griseb. :