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Taxon: Amaranthus palmeri S. Watson

 
Genus: Amaranthus
Subgenus: Acnida
Family: Amaranthaceae
Nomen number: 101541
Place of publication: Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 12:274. 1877
Link to protologue: https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/3120225
Name Verified on: 27-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 15 (15 active, 15 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Common names:

  • carelessweed  (Source: Names Beetle) - English
  • dioecious amaranth  (Source: BSBI) - English
  • Palmer's amaranth  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • Palmer’s pigweed  (Source: ICAW) - English (Canada)
  • amarante de Palmer  (Source: Invasive Spec Eur) - French
  • amarante de Palmer  (Source: ICAW) - French (Canada)
  • Palmer-Fuchsschwanz  (Source: Invasive Spec Eur) - German

Economic Importance:

  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals
  • Weed:

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Oklahoma]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico, Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California (s.), Nevada (s.)]
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Chihuahua, Coahuila de Zaragoza, Durango, Nuevo León, San Luis Potosí, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Zacatecas, Baja California (Norte), Baja California Sur]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Aguascalientes, Colima, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, México, Michoacán de Ocampo, Morelos, Oaxaca, Puebla, Querétaro, Tlaxcala, Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave]


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal [Madeira Islands]

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Cyprus

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India [Maharashtra]

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Sweden
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: Spain

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Ontario]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Massachusetts, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Kansas, Missouri, Nebraska, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Utah]


References:

  1. Beetle, A. A. 1970. Recommended plant names. Univ. Wyoming Agr. Exp. Sta. Res. J. 31
  2. Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  3. Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Manual of the vascular plants of Texas
  4. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 89-90.
  5. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  6. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1963. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada.
  7. Hansen, A. & P. Sunding. 1993. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17.
  8. Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada.
  9. Munz, P. A. & D. D. Keck. 1959. A California flora.
  10. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  11. Sauer, J. D. 1955. Revision of the dioecious amaranths. Madroño 13:31.
  12. Sauer, J. D. 1972. The dioecious amaranths: a new species name and major range extensions. Madroño 21:429-430.
  13. Singh, N. P. et al., eds. 2001-2002. Flora of Maharashtra state.
  14. Standley, P. C. 1917. Amaranthaceae. North American flora 21(2). Note: ser. 1, 1905-1957; ser. 2, 1954-1972
  15. Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource). URL: http://www.conabio.gob.mx/malezasdemexico/amaranthaceae/amaranthus-palmeri/fichas/pagina1.htm target='_blank'
  16. Villaseñor, J. L. 2016. Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico. Rev. Mex. Biodivers. 87:559-902.
  17. Webster, T. M. et al. 2013. Winter cover crops influence Amaranthus palmeri establishment. Crop Protect. 52:130-135. Note: a glyphosate-resistant plant in Australia
  18. Whitson, T. D. et al., eds. 1999. Weeds of the West, ed. 5
  19. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)
  20. Delivering alien invasive species inventories for Europe (DAISIE) (on-line resource).

Check other web resources for Amaranthus palmeri S. Watson :

  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?101541. Accessed 17 September 2019.