Taxon: Typha latifolia L.

Genus: Typha
Family: Typhaceae
Tribe: Typheae
Nomen number: 101629
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:971. 1753
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 20-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 23-Aug-1994
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 10 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

  • broadleaf cattail  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • bulrush  (Source: BSBI) - English
  • common cattail  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • Cooper's-reed  (Source: Econ Bot) - English
  • giant reed-mace  (Source: Econ Bot) - English
  • great cattail  (Source: Econ Bot) - English
  • soft-flag  (Source: Econ Bot) - English
  • roseau des étangs  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • tabua-larga  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • espadaña común  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • piriope  (Source: F Parag) - Spanish
  • totora  (Source: F Parag) - Spanish
  • tule espidilla  (Source: F NAmer) - Spanish
  • bredkaveldun  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kingsbury)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Noxweed Aust; Invasive Pl Spec)

Distributional Range:


  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya ; Tanzania ; Uganda
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Ethiopia
    • Northern Africa: Algeria ; Morocco ; Tunisia
    • West Tropical Africa: Nigeria
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Armenia ; Azerbaijan ; Georgia ; Russian Federation Dagestan; Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia Ciscaucasia
    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan ; Kyrgyzstan ; Turkmenistan ; Uzbekistan
    • Mongolia: Mongolia
    • Russian Far East: Russian Federation Kamchatka, Primorye, Sakhalin
    • Siberia: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia Eastern Siberia; Russian Federation-Western Siberia Western Siberia
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan ; Iran ; Israel ; Jordan ; Lebanon ; Syria ; Turkey
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Pakistan
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Belarus ; Estonia ; Latvia ; Lithuania ; Moldova ; Russian Federation-European part European part; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria ; Belgium ; Czech Republic ; Germany ; Hungary ; Netherlands ; Poland ; Slovakia ; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Denmark ; Finland ; Ireland ; Norway ; Sweden ; United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania ; Bulgaria ; Croatia ; Greece ; Italy ; Montenegro ; Romania ; Serbia ; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Portugal ; Spain
  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    • Northern Mexico: Mexico Baja Norte, Durango, Nuevo Leon, Sonora, Tamaulipas
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States New Mexico, Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico Aguascalientes, Chiapas, Colima, Federal District, Mexico, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Tlaxcala, Veracruz
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah
    • Subarctic America: Canada Northwest Territory, Yukon Territory; United States Alaska
    • Western Canada: Canada Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Central America: Guatemala
    • Southern South America: Argentina ; Paraguay

  • Naturalized

  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Pacific

    • North-Central Pacific: United States Hawaii
  • Southern America

    • South America
    • Caribbean: West Indies

  • Cultivated


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  • Cabrera, A. L., ed. Flora de la provincia de Buenos Aires. (F BuenAir)
  • Correll, D. S. & H. B. Correll Aquatic and wetland plants of southwestern United States, 2 vol. 1975 (Aquat SW US)
  • Cufodontis, G. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta. (F EthiopCuf)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Godfrey, R. K. & J. W. Wooten Aquatic and wetland plants of southeastern United States, 2 vol. (Aquat SE US)
  • Hess, H. E. et al. Flora der Schweiz, ed. 2. (F Switz)
  • Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  • Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. (F WT Afr)
  • Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. (Kingsbury)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  • Lot, A. et al. 1999. Catálogo de angiospermas acuáticas de México Cuad. Inst. Biol. 33:75.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Missouri Botanical Garden W³Tropicos (on-line resource). (TROPICOS)
  • Morton, J. F. 1975. Cattails (Typha spp.) - weed problem or potential crop? Econ. Bot. 29:9.
  • Mouterde, P. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie. (F Liban)
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. (F Pak)
  • Ohwi, J. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.). (F JapanOhwi)
  • Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson Noxious weeds of Australia. 1992 (Noxweed Aust)
  • Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Quézel, P. & S. Santa Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie. (F Alger)
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Spichiger, R., ed. Flora del Paraguay. (F Parag)
  • Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark Flora of Guatemala. (F Guat)
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. (F TE Afr)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  • Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)

Check other web resources for Typha latifolia L. :