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Taxon: Trifolium aureum Pollich

 
Genus: Trifolium
Subgenus: Chronosemium
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
Subfamily: Faboideae
Tribe: Trifolieae
Nomen number: 101725
Place of publication: Hist. pl. Palat. 2:344. 1777
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 23-Mar-2007 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 55 (31 active, 27 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use), synonyms and invalid designations:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym, I invalid designation)

Common names:

  • large hop clover  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • large trefoil  (Source: F BritStace) - English
  • hop clover   - English (Canada)
  • trèfle doré   - French (Canada)
  • gullklöver  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: forage
  • Human food: vegetable (sprouted seeds, as Trifolium agrarium)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Spain [Canarias]

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Iran (n.), Lebanon, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia (s.w.)]

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Norway, Sweden
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Former Yugoslavia, Greece, Italy, Romania
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Portugal, Spain (n.e.)


    Naturalized

    Northern America
    • North America (widely natzd.)


References:

  1. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). URL: http://www.agroatlas.ru/en/content/related/Trifolium_aureum/ target='_blank'
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 143-144.
  4. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  5. Eriksson, O. et al. 1979. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 2.
  6. Gillett, J. M. & N. L. Taylor (M. Collins ed.). 2001. The world of clovers 40.
  7. Hickman, J. C., ed. 1993. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California
  8. Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds Note: = Trifolium agrarium
  9. Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. 2004. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres
  10. Lock, J. M. & K. Simpson. 1991. Legumes of West Asia: a checklist
  11. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  12. Pignatti, S. 1982. Flora d'Italia.
  13. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  14. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica.
  15. Smythies, B. E. 1984-1986. Flora of Spain and the Balearic Islands: checklist of vascular plants. Englera 3:1-882.
  16. Stace, C. 1995. New flora of the British Isles.
  17. Turland, N. et al. 1996. (1244-1246) Proposals to reject the names Trifolium agrarium, Trifolium filiforme and Trifolium procumbens (Leguminosae). Taxon 45:549-551.
  18. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  19. Zohary, M. & D. Heller. 1984. The genus Trifolium 332.
  20. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)

Check other web resources for Trifolium aureum Pollich :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2020. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?101725. Accessed 17 February 2020.