Taxon: Styrax benzoin Dryand.

Genus: Styrax
Family: Styracaceae
Nomen number: 101794
Place of publication: Philos. Trans. 77(2):308, t. 12. 1787
Name Verified on: 03-Jan-1996 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 22-May-1997
Species priority site is: National Arboretum (NA)
Accessions: 2 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring (fide Pl Res SEAs 18:113. 2000)
  • Human food: gum/mucilage (fide Pl Res SEAs 18:113. 2000)
  • Materials: essential oils (source of Sumatra benzoin used in medicine and perfumery fide Ency CNatIn)
  • Materials: gum/resin (fide Pl Res SEAs 18:113. 2000)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2; Pl Res SEAs 18:113. 2000)
  • Social: religious/secular (fide Pl Res SEAs 18:113. 2000)

Distributional Range:


  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India
    • Indo-China: Cambodia; Laos; Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam
    • Malesia: Indonesia - Java, - Sumatra; Malaysia


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Aubréville, A. et al., eds. Flore du Cambodge du Laos et du Viet-Nam. 1960- (F CambLVN)
  • Backer, C. A. & R. C. Bakhuizen van den Brink, Jr. Flora of Java. 1963-1968 (F Java)
  • Bensky, D., A. Gamble, & T. J. Kaptchuk Chinese herbal medicine: Materia medica, rev. ed. 1993 (Chin Herb Med)
  • Boer, E. & A. B. Ella, eds. 2000. Plants producing exudates (Pl Res SEAs) 18:112.
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Janick, J. & J. Simon, eds. Advances in new crops. 1990 (Adv New Crops)
  • Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. Flora malesiana. 1948- (F Males)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Yen, Kun-Ying Illustrated Chinese materia medica: crude drugs. 1980 (Ill Chin Mat Med CrD)

Check other web resources for Styrax benzoin Dryand. :

  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Styrax benzoin cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.