Taxon: Toxicodendron radicans (L.) Kuntze

 
Genus: Toxicodendron
Family: Anacardiaceae
  Subfamily: Anacardioideae
Nomen number: 101866
Place of publication: Revis. gen. pl. 1:153, t. 26, fig. 2. 1891
Name Verified on: 24-Jun-2015 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 24-Jun-2015
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 0 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • poison-ivy  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • kletternder Gift-Sumach  (Source: Zander Ency) - German

Economic Importance:

  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kingsbury; Lampe & McCann; Pammel; Everist; Noxweed Aust)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Noxweed Aust)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China - Guizhou, - Hubei, - Hunan, - Sichuan, - Yunnan
    • Eastern Asia: Japan - Hokkaido, - Honshu, - Kyushu, - Shikoku; Taiwan
    • Russian Far East: Russian Federation - Kurile Islands, - Sakhalin
  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada - Nova Scotia, - Ontario
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, - Iowa, - Kansas, - Minnesota, - Missouri, - Nebraska, - Oklahoma, - Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, - Indiana, - Maine, - Massachusetts, - Michigan, - New Jersey, - New York, - Ohio, - Pennsylvania, - Rhode Island, - Vermont, - West Virginia
    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Chihuahua, - Coahuila, - Durango, - Nuevo Leon, - San Luis Potosi, - Sinaloa, - Sonora, - Tamaulipas, - Baja Norte, - Baja Sur
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, - Arkansas, - Florida, - Georgia, - Kentucky, - Louisiana, - Maryland, - Mississippi, - North Carolina, - South Carolina, - Tennessee, - Virginia, - District of Columbia
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico - Aguascalientes, - Chiapas, - Guanajuato, - Guerrero, - Hidalgo, - Jalisco, - Mexico, - Michoacan, - Morelos, - Oaxaca, - Queretaro, - Veracruz, - Federal District
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona
  • Southern America

    • Caribbean: Bahamas; Bermuda
    • Mesoamerica: Guatemala

References:

  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Everest, S. L. Poisonous plants of Australia. 1981 (Everist)
  • Foster, S. & J. A. Duke A field guide to medicinal plants: Eastern/Central North America, 2nd ed. 2000 (EastC Med Pl)
  • Gillis, W. T. 1971. The systematics and ecology of poison-ivy and the poison-oaks (Toxicodendron, Anacardiaceae) (Rhodora) 73:72-159, 161-237, 370-443, 465-540.
  • Grellin, J. K. & J. Philpott A reference guide to medicinal plants. 1990 (RefGuide MedPl)
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 1994 (L US Can ed2)
  • Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. 1964 (Kingsbury)
  • Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. 1985 (Lampe & McCann)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Moerman, D. Native American ethnobotany, ed. 5. 1998 (Nat Amer Ethnobot)
  • Pammel, L. H. Manual of poisonous plants. 1911 (Pammel)
  • Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson Noxious weeds of Australia. 1992 (Noxweed Aust)
  • Radford, A. E. et al. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. 1964 (F Carolin)
  • Rehder, A. Bibliography of cultivated trees and shrubs. 1949 (Rehder)
  • Whitson, T. D. et al., eds. Weeds of the West, ed. 5. 1999 (Weeds West)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)

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