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Taxon: Toxicodendron vernicifluum (Stokes) F. A. Barkley

Genus: Toxicodendron
Family: Anacardiaceae
Subfamily: Anacardioideae
Nomen number: 101869
Place of publication: Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 24:438. 1937
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 24-Jun-2015 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 10 (1 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use), synonyms and invalid designations:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym, I invalid designation)

Common names:

  • Chinese lacquertree  (Source: Pl Book) - English
  • Japanese lacquertree  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • Japanese sumac  (Source: Websters Dict) - English
  • Japanese varnishtree  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • lacquertree  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • varnishtree  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • vernis du Japon  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • Lacksumach  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • urushi  (Source: F JapanOhwi) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • verniz-do-Japão  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • árbol de la laca  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • lacksumak  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • qi shu  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese
  • ochnamu  (Source: Kulturpflanze) - Transcribed Korean

Economic Importance:

  • Materials: gum/resin (used for lacquer)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals

Distributional Range:


    • CHINA: China [Anhui Sheng, Zhejiang Sheng, Fujian Sheng, Henan Sheng, Hebei Sheng, Hunan Sheng, Hubei Sheng, Gansu Sheng, Jiangxi Sheng, Jiangsu Sheng, Guangdong Sheng, Guizhou Sheng, Liaoning Sheng, Shanxi Sheng, Shandong Sheng, Shaanxi Sheng, Yunnan Sheng, Guangxi Zhuangzu Zizhiqu, Xizang Zizhiqu]

    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, [Sikkim, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Manipur, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal] Nepal, Pakistan (n.)


    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, Korea


  1. Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959-. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  2. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  3. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  4. Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993-. Flora of Japan. Note: = Rhus verniciflua Stokes
  5. Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada.
  6. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  7. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third. Note: = Rhus verniciflua Stokes
  8. Mabberley, D. J. 1997. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2 Note: = Rhus verniciflua Stokes
  9. Ohwi, J. 1965. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.). Note: = Rhus verniciflua Stokes
  10. Rehder, A. 1949. Bibliography of cultivated trees and shrubs. Note: = Rhus verniciflua Stokes
  11. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants Note: = Rhus verniciflua Stokes
  12. Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. 1948-. Flora malesiana. Note: = Rhus verniciflua Stokes
  13. Uphof, J. C. T. 1968. Dictionary of economic plants, ed. 2.
  14. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  15. 1961. Webster's third new international dictionary. Note: = Rhus verniciflua Stokes

Check other web resources for Toxicodendron vernicifluum (Stokes) F. A. Barkley :

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2020. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?101869. Accessed 15 August 2020.