Taxon: Hydrocotyle umbellata L.

Genus: Hydrocotyle
Family: Araliaceae
  Subfamily: Hydrocotyloideae
Nomen number: 102108
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:234. 1753
Name Verified on: 24-Jan-2001 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 0 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • water pennywort  (Source: Glea Cron ed2) - English
  • acariçoba  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • acaricaba  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • capitão  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • erva-capitão  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • para-sol  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard)

Distributional Range:


  • Northern America

    • : Mexico
    • Eastern Canada: Canada - Nova Scotia
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, - Indiana, - Massachusetts, - Michigan, - New Jersey, - New York, - Ohio, - Pennsylvania, - Rhode Island
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Oregon
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, - Arkansas, - Delaware, - Florida, - Georgia, - Louisiana, - Maryland, - Mississippi, - North Carolina, - South Carolina, - Tennessee, - Virginia
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - California
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Caribbean: Bahamas; Bermuda; Cuba; Dominica; Dominican Republic; Guadeloupe; Haiti; Jamaica; Puerto Rico
    • Mesoamerica: Belize; Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama
    • Northern South America: French Guiana; Guyana; Suriname; Venezuela
    • Southern South America: Chile
    • Western South America: Colombia; Ecuador; Peru

  • Naturalized:

    . natzd. in Old World


    . also cult.


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  • Boggan, J. et al. Checklist of the plants of the Guianas, ed. 2. 1997 (L Guianas ed2)
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. 1993 (L Peru)
  • Correll, D. S. & H. B. Correll Flora of the Bahama archipelago. 1982 (F Bahamas)
  • Crow, G. E. & C. B. Hellquist Aquatic and wetland plants of northeastern North America, 2 vol. 2000 (Aquat NE NAmer)
  • Deam, C. C. Flora of Indiana. 1940 (F Indiana)
  • Foster, S. & C. Hobbs A field guide to Western medicinal plants and herbs. 2002 (W Med Pl Herbs)
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2. 1991 (Glea Cron ed2)
  • Godfrey, R. K. & J. W. Wooten Aquatic and wetland plants of southeastern United States, 2 vol. 1979-1981 (Aquat SE US)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Harling, G. & B. Sparre, eds. Flora of Ecuador. 1973- (F Ecuador)
  • Hickman, J. C., ed. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California. 1993 (F CalifJep)
  • Hitchcock, C. L. et al. Vascular plants of the Pacific Northwest. 1955-1969 (F Pacif NW)
  • Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. 1974-1989 (F LAnt)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75. 1999 (L Ecuador)
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 1994 (L US Can ed2)
  • León (J. S. Sauget) & Alain (E. E. Liogier) Flora de Cuba. 1946-1962; suppl. 1969 (F CubaLeon)
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  • Mathias, M. E. & L. Constance 1944. Umbelliferae (N Amer fl) 28B:53.
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  • Voss, E. Michigan flora. 1972- (F Mich)
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  • Wunderlin, R. & B. Hansen Atlas of Florida vascular plants (on-line resource). (Atlas Florida)

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