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Taxon: Bacopa monnieri (L.) Pennell

 
Genus: Bacopa
Family: Plantaginaceae
Tribe: Gratioleae
Nomen number: 102292
Place of publication: Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 98:94. 1946
Link to protologue:
Comment: very similar in spelling to B. monnieria (L.) Wettst. and possibly confusable, although the latter specific epithet was intended as a substantive
Name Verified on: 27-Nov-2006 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 1 (1 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Somalia
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Nigeria
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Mozambique (pantropic)
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Eswatini (possibly), South Africa [KwaZulu-Natal]
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Madagascar

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China [Fujian Sheng, Guangdong Sheng, Yunnan Sheng, Guangxi Zhuangzu Zizhiqu, Hainan Sheng]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bhutan, India, Sri Lanka
    • INDO-CHINA: Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia [New South Wales (e.), Queensland (e.)]

    Northern America
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia (s.e.)]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas]
    • Mexico

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Bahamas, Barbados, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Haiti, Jamaica, Martinique, St. Lucia, Trinidad and Tobago, [Trinidad] United States, [Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, U.S.] Virgin Islands (British) [Tortola]
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: French Guiana
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Ecuador, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile


    Cultivated (also cult.)

References:

  1. Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. et al. 1996. Flora of St. John, U.S. Virgin Islands. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 78:1-581.
  2. Adams, C. 1972. Flowering plants of Jamaica
  3. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  4. Backer, C. A. & R. C. Bakhuizen van den Brink, Jr. 1963-1968. Flora of Java.
  5. Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45
  6. Brown, R. G. & M. L. Brown. 1984. Herbaceous plants of Maryland
  7. Burger, W. C., ed. 1971-. Flora costaricensis.
  8. Chaudhary, S. A. 1987. Weeds of Saudi Arabia and the Arabian Peninsula.
  9. Correll, D. S. & H. B. Correll. 1982. Flora of the Bahama archipelago.
  10. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. 1980-. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon.
  11. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  12. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  13. Exell, A. W. et al., eds. 1960-. Flora zambesiaca.
  14. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14
  15. Girija, T. & Tabish. Flowers of India (on-line resource).
  16. Godfrey, R. K. & J. W. Wooten. 1979-1981. Aquatic and wetland plants of southeastern United States, 2 vol.
  17. Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long. 1984-. Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim.
  18. Harden, G. J., ed. 2002. Flora of New South Wales, ed. 2.
  19. Howard, R. 1974-1989. Flora of the lesser Antilles.
  20. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  21. León (J. S. Sauget) & Alain (E. E. Liogier). 1946-1969. Flora de Cuba
  22. Li, H. L. et al., eds. 1975-1979. Flora of Taiwan.
  23. Liogier, H. A. 1981-. Flora of Hispaniola: Part 1; La Flora de la Española. Part II-.
  24. Liogier, H. A. 1984-. Descriptive flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands.
  25. Macbride, J. F. et al., eds. 1936-. Flora of Peru Note: 1936-1971; new ser. 1980-
  26. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  27. Merrill, E. D. 1922-1926. An enumeration of Philippine flowering plants.
  28. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  29. Philcox, D. 1979. Clarification of the name Bacopa monnieri (Scrophulariaceae). Kew Bull. 33:679-680.
  30. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  31. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  32. Reitz, R., ed. 1965-. Flora ilustrada catarinense.
  33. Stanley, T. D. & E. M. Ross. 1983-1989. Flora of south-eastern Queensland.
  34. Stevens, W. D. et al., eds. 2001. Flora de Nicaragua. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 85(1-3). Note: = "Bacopa monnieri" (L.) Wettst.
  35. Thulin, M., ed. 1993-. Flora of Somalia.
  36. University of Texas at Austin, Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center. Native Plant Information Network database (on-line resource).
  37. Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource). URL: http://www.conabio.gob.mx/malezasdemexico/scrophulariaceae/bacopa-monnieri/fichas/pagina1.htm target='_blank'
  38. Wanderley, M. G. L., ed. 2001-. Flora fanerogâmica do Estado de São Paulo
  39. Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. 1943-1980. Flora of Panama.
  40. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  41. Zuloaga, F. O. & O. Morrone, eds. 1996, 1999. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de la República Argentina. I. Pteridophyta, Gymnospermae y Angiospermae (Monocotyledonae), II. Dicotyledonae. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60, 74.

Check other web resources for Bacopa monnieri (L.) Pennell :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Flower: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?102292. Accessed 23 July 2019.