Taxon: Capsicum annuum L. var. glabriusculum (Dunal) Heiser & Pickersgill

 
Genus: Capsicum
Family: Solanaceae
  Subfamily: Solanoideae
      Tribe: Capsiceae
Nomen number: 102342
Place of publication: Baileya 19:156. 1975
Name Verified on: 22-Jan-1997 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 22-Jan-1997
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 67 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring (fide Eshbaugh in J. Janick & J. E. Simmon 137. 1993, as C. annuum var. aviculare)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of bell/chili pepper (fide Phytologia 47:156. 1980)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of habanero pepper (based on records of fertile hybrids with Capsicum frutescens, a closely related species, fide Int J Pl Sci 162:1411. 2001)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of Tabasco pepper (based on records of fertile hybrids with Capsicum frutescens fide Int J Pl Sci 162:1411. 2001)
  • Gene sources: progenitor of bell/chili pepper (fide Amer J Bot 96:1200. 2009)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of aji (based on hybrid pollen viability values of F1 hybrids with Capsicum baccatum var. pendulum fide Crop Breed Appl Biot 11:246, 247. 2011)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of rocoto (based on crossing barriers of Capsicum annuum with Capsicum pubescens fide HortScience 26:585. 1991)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Northern America

    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Baja Sur, - Chihuahua, - Nuevo Leon, - San Luis Potosi, - Sinaloa, - Sonora, - Tamaulipas
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Florida, - Georgia, - Louisiana
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico - Campeche, - Chiapas, - Guerrero, - Jalisco, - Michoacan, - Morelos, - Nayarit, - Oaxaca, - Queretaro, - Quintana Roo, - Tabasco, - Veracruz, - Yucatan
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona
  • Southern America

    • Caribbean: Anguilla; Bahamas; Barbados; Cayman Islands; Dominica; Dominican Republic; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Haiti; Jamaica; Martinique; Montserrat; Netherlands Antilles; Puerto Rico; St. Kitts and Nevis; St. Lucia; St. Vincent and Grenadines
    • Mesoamerica: Belize; Costa Rica; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama
    • Western South America: Colombia

  • Naturalized:

    . natzd. elsewhere

References:

  • Adams, C. Flowering plants of Jamaica. 1972 (F Jam)
  • Aguilar-Meléndez, A. et al. 2009. Genetic diversity and structure in semiwild and domesticated chiles (Capsicum annuum; Solanaceae) from Mexico Amer. J. Bot. 96:1190-1202.
  • Aguilar-Meléndez, A. et al. 2009. Genetic diversity and structure in semiwild and domesticated chiles (Capsicum annuum; Solanaceae) from Mexico Amer. J. Bot. 96:1190-1202.
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • ASDM Sonoran Desert Digital Library Arizona Sonoran Desert Museum digital library (on-line resource). (Ariz SonorDes Mus)
  • Balick, M. J. et al. Checklist of the vascular plants of Belize, with common names and uses. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 85. 2000 (L Belize NY)
  • Eshbaugh, W. H. 1980. The taxonomy of the genus Capsicum (Solanaceae) - 1980 (Phytologia) 47:156.
  • Eshbaugh, W. H. 1993. Peppers: history and exploitation of a serendipitous new crop discovery (New Crops) 132-139.
  • Gómez-Pompa, A. & V. Sosa, eds. Flora de Veracruz. 1978- (F Veracruz)
  • González-Jara, P. et al. 2011. Impact of human management on the genetic variation of wild pepper, Capsicum annuum var. glabriusculum (PloS One) 6(12):e28715.
  • Heiser, C. B., Jr. & B. Pickersgill 1975. Names for the bird peppers (Capsicum - Solanaceae) (Baileya) 19:151-156.
  • Hernández-Verdugo, S. et al. 2012. Caracterización y variación ecogeográfica de poblaciones de chile (Capsicum annuum var. glabriusculum silvestre del noroeste de México (Polibotanica) 33:175-191.
  • Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. 1974-1989 (F LAnt)
  • Kearney, T. H. & R. H. Peebles Arizona flora, ed. 2. 1969 (F Ariz)
  • Kraft, K. H. et al. 2013. A new collection of wild populations of Capsicum in Mexico and the southern United States Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 60:225-232.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Liogier, H. A. Descriptive flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands. 1984- (F PuertoR)
  • Loaiza-Figueroa, F. et al. 1989. Patterns of genetic variation of the genus Capsicum (Solanaceae) in Mexico Pl. Syst. Evol. 165:159-188.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Mongkolporn, O. & P. W. J. Taylor 2011. Chapter 4. Capsicum (Wild Crop Rel Veg) 43-57.
  • Monteiro da Silva, C. E. et al. 2011. Reproductive characterization of interspecific hybrids among Capsicum species Crop Breed. Appl. Biotechnol. 11:241-249.
  • Monteiro da Silva, C. E. et al. 2011. Reproductive characterization of interspecific hybrids among Capsicum species Crop Breed. Appl. Biotechnol. 11:241-249.
  • Moscone, E. A. et al. 2007. The evolution of chili peppers (Capsicum - Solanaceae): a cytogenetic perspective Acta Hort. 745:137-170.
  • Moscone, E. A. et al. 2007. The evolution of chili peppers (Capsicum - Solanaceae): a cytogenetic perspective Acta Hort. 745:137-170.
  • NatureServe NatureServe Explorer: an online encyclopedia of life (on-line resource). 2009- (NatureServe)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Proctor, G. R. Flora of the Cayman Islands. Kew Bulletin Additional Series XI. 1984 (F Cayman)
  • Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark Flora of Guatemala. 1946-1976 (F Guat)
  • Sudré, C. P. et al. 2010. Genetic variability in domesticated Capsicum spp. as assessed by morphological and agronomic data in mixed statistical analysis Genet. Molec. Res. 9:283-294.
  • Sudré, C. P. et al. 2010. Genetic variability in domesticated Capsicum spp. as assessed by morphological and agronomic data in mixed statistical analysis Genet. Molec. Res. 9:283-294.
  • Turner, B. L. et al. Atlas of the vascular plants of Texas. Sida Botanical Miscellany no. 24. 2003 (Atlas Tex)
  • University of Texas at Austin, Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network database (on-line resource). (Native Pl Database)
  • Walsh, B. M. & S. B. Hoot 2001. Phylogenetic relationships of Capsicum (Solanaceae) using DNA sequences from two noncoding regions: The chloroplast atpB-rbcL spacer region and nuclear waxy introns Int. J. Pl. Sci. 162:1409-1418.
  • Weakley, A. S. Flora of the Carolinas, Virginia, and Georgia, and surrounding areas. 2007 (F Carol Virg Georg)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. Flora of Panama. 1943-1980 (F Panama)
  • Wunderlin, R. & B. Hansen Atlas of Florida vascular plants (on-line resource). (Atlas Florida)
  • Zijlstra, S. et al. 1991. Pollen tube growth in interspecific crosses between Capsicum species (HortScience) 26:585-586.

Check other web resources for Capsicum annuum L. var. glabriusculum (Dunal) Heiser & Pickersgill :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.