Taxon: Pistia stratiotes L.

 
Genus: Pistia
Family: Araceae
Subfamily: Aroideae
Tribe: Pistieae
Nomen number: 102491
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:963. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 28-Apr-2000 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 0 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Zander ed13; Ency GardPl; Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Animal food: potential as fodder ()
  • Fuels: potential as miscellaneous fuel (for production of methane gas, fide Noxweed Aust)
  • Weed: ()
  • Weed: ()
  • Weed: ()
  • Weed: ()

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Egypt
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Chad, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Rwanda, Zaire
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cote D'Ivoire, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa, [Cape Province, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Transvaal] Swaziland
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan
    • CHINA: China [Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Shandong, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka
    • PAPUASIA: Indonesia, [Irian Jaya] Papua New Guinea
    • INDO-CHINA: Cambodia, India, [Andaman and Nicobar] Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Brunei, Indonesia, [Celebes, Java, Kalimantan, Lesser Sunda Islands, Moluccas, Sumatra] Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia [Northern Territory, Queensland]

    Northern America
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas]
    • Mexico

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Antigua and Barbuda, [Antigua] Cuba, Dominican Republic, Guadeloupe, Haiti, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, Puerto Rico, St. Vincent and Grenadines, [St. Vincent] Trinidad and Tobago
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina (n.), Paraguay, Uruguay


    Cultivated (also cult.)

References:

  1. Webster's third new international dictionary. (Websters Dict)
  2. Adams, C. Flowering plants of Jamaica. 1972 (F Jam)
  3. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  4. Backer, C. A. & R. C. Bakhuizen van den Brink, Jr. Flora of Java. (F Java)
  5. Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. 1993 (L Peru)
  6. Brickell, C., ed. The American Horticultural Society. Encyclopaedia of garden plants. 1997 (Ency GardPl)
  7. Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. (F China)
  8. CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) (Weed CIBA)
  9. Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston Manual of the vascular plants of Texas. 1970 (F Tex)
  10. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  11. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  12. Fouché, J.-G. 1999. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  13. Govaerts, R. & D. G. Frodin World checklist and bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae). 2002 (L Araceae)
  14. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  15. Hay, A. et al. Checklist & botanical bibliography of the aroids of Malesia, Australia, and the tropical western Pacific. Blumea suppl. 8. 1995 (L Aroid Males)
  16. Henderson, L. Alien weeds and invasive plants: a complete guide to declared weeds and invaders in South Africa. Plant Protection Research Institute, Handbook 12. 2001 (Weeds SAfr 2001)
  17. Henderson, M. et al. Declared weeds and alien invader plants in South Africa. Botanical Research Institute, bulletin 413. 1987 (Weeds SAfr)
  18. Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. (F LAnt)
  19. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  20. Li, H. L. et al., eds. Flora of Taiwan. (F Taiwan)
  21. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  22. Liogier, H. A. & L. F. Martorell Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis. (F PR)
  23. Llamas, K. A. Tropical flowering plants: a guide to identification and cultivation. 2003 (Trop Flow Pl)
  24. Long, R. W. & O. Lakela A flora of tropical Florida. (F TFla)
  25. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. (F Pak)
  26. Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson Noxious weeds of Australia. 1992 (Noxweed Aust)
  27. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  28. Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark Flora of Guatemala. (F Guat)
  29. USDA National Agricultural Library National Invasive Species Information Center (on-line resource). (Nat Invasive Sp Info)
  30. Walker, E. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands. (F Okin)
  31. Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)

Check other web resources for Pistia stratiotes L. :

Images:


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?102491. Accessed 17 July 2018.