Taxon: Pistia stratiotes L.

 
Genus: Pistia
Family: Araceae
Subfamily: Aroideae
Tribe: Pistieae
Nomen number: 102491
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:963. 1753
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 28-Apr-2000 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 0 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Zander ed13; Ency GardPl; Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Animal food: potential as fodder (fide Noxweed Aust)
  • Fuels: potential as miscellaneous fuel (for production of methane gas, fide Noxweed Aust)
  • Weed: (fide Econ Pl Aust; Weeds SAfr; Weeds SAfr 2001; Invasive Pl Spec)

Distributional Range:

    Native

  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya ; Tanzania ; Uganda
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Chad ; Ethiopia ; Somalia ; Sudan
    • Northern Africa: Egypt
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola ; Malawi ; Mozambique ; Zambia ; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: Botswana ; Lesotho ; Namibia ; South Africa Cape Province, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Transvaal; Swaziland
    • West Tropical Africa: Benin ; Burkina Faso ; Cote D'Ivoire ; Gambia ; Ghana ; Guinea ; Guinea-Bissau ; Liberia ; Mali ; Mauritania ; Niger ; Nigeria ; Senegal ; Sierra Leone ; Togo
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Burundi ; Cameroon ; Central African Republic ; Congo ; Equatorial Guinea ; Gabon ; Rwanda ; Zaire
    • Western Indian Ocean: Comoros ; Madagascar ; Mauritius
  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Shandong, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang
    • Eastern Asia: Taiwan
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Bangladesh ; India ; Nepal ; Pakistan ; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: Cambodia ; India Andaman and Nicobar; Laos ; Myanmar ; Thailand ; Vietnam
    • Malesia: Brunei ; Indonesia Kalimantan, Celebes, Java, Lesser Sunda Islands, Moluccas, Sumatra; Malaysia ; Philippines ; Singapore
    • Papuasia: Indonesia Irian Jaya; Papua New Guinea
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia Queensland, Northern Territory
  • Northern America

    • Mexico
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Caribbean: Antigua and Barbuda Antigua; Cuba ; Dominican Republic ; Guadeloupe ; Haiti ; Jamaica ; Martinique ; Montserrat ; Puerto Rico ; St. Vincent and Grenadines St. Vincent; Trinidad and Tobago
    • Central America: Belize ; Costa Rica ; El Salvador ; Guatemala ; Honduras ; Nicaragua ; Panama
    • Northern South America: French Guiana ; Guyana ; Suriname ; Venezuela
    • Southern South America: Argentina ; Paraguay ; Uruguay
    • Western South America: Bolivia ; Colombia ; Ecuador ; Peru

  • Cultivated


References:

  • Webster's third new international dictionary. 1961 (Websters Dict)
  • Adams, C. Flowering plants of Jamaica. 1972 (F Jam)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Backer, C. A. & R. C. Bakhuizen van den Brink, Jr. Flora of Java. 1963-1968 (F Java)
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. 1993 (L Peru)
  • Brickell, C., ed. The American Horticultural Society. Encyclopaedia of garden plants. 1997 (Ency GardPl)
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. 1959- (F China)
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) (Weed CIBA)
  • Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston Manual of the vascular plants of Texas. 1970 (F Tex)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Fouché, J.-G. 1999. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Govaerts, R. & D. G. Frodin World checklist and bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae). 2002 (L Araceae)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Hay, A. et al. Checklist & botanical bibliography of the aroids of Malesia, Australia, and the tropical western Pacific. Blumea suppl. 8. 1995 (L Aroid Males)
  • Henderson, L. Alien weeds and invasive plants: a complete guide to declared weeds and invaders in South Africa. Plant Protection Research Institute, Handbook 12. 2001 (Weeds SAfr 2001)
  • Henderson, M. et al. Declared weeds and alien invader plants in South Africa. Botanical Research Institute, bulletin 413. 1987 (Weeds SAfr)
  • Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. 1974-1989 (F LAnt)
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  • Li, H. L. et al., eds. Flora of Taiwan. 1975-1979 (F Taiwan)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Liogier, H. A. & L. F. Martorell Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis. (F PR)
  • Llamas, K. A. Tropical flowering plants: a guide to identification and cultivation. 2003 (Trop Flow Pl)
  • Long, R. W. & O. Lakela A flora of tropical Florida. (F TFla)
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. 1970- (F Pak)
  • Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson Noxious weeds of Australia. 1992 (Noxweed Aust)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark Flora of Guatemala. 1946-1976 (F Guat)
  • USDA National Agricultural Library National Invasive Species Information Center (on-line resource). (Nat Invasive Sp Info)
  • Walker, E. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands. (F Okin)
  • Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)

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