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Taxon: Pistia stratiotes L.

 
Genus: Pistia
Family: Araceae
Subfamily: Aroideae
Tribe: Pistieae
Nomen number: 102491
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:963. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 28-Apr-2000 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 0 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: potential as fodder
  • Environmental: ornamental; ornamental
  • Fuels:
  • Weed:

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Egypt
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Chad, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Rwanda
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cote D'Ivoire, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, Eswatini, Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa [Cape Province, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Transvaal]
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan
    • CHINA: China [Anhui Sheng, Fujian Sheng, Guangdong Sheng, Guangxi Zhuangzu Zizhiqu, Hubei Sheng, Hunan Sheng, Jiangsu Sheng, Shandong Sheng, Sichuan Sheng, Yunnan Sheng, Zhejiang Sheng]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka
    • PAPUASIA: Indonesia, [Papua Barat] Papua New Guinea
    • INDO-CHINA: Cambodia, India, [Andaman and Nicobar Islands] Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, [Kalimantan, Sulawesi, Jawa, Lesser Sunda Islands, Maluku, Sumatera] Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia [Northern Territory, Queensland]

    Northern America
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas]
    • Mexico

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Antigua and Barbuda, [Antigua] Cuba, Dominican Republic, Guadeloupe, Haiti, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, St. Vincent and Grenadines, [Saint Vincent] Trinidad and Tobago, United States [Puerto Rico]
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina (n.), Paraguay, Uruguay


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Adventive

    Europe
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Russian Federation [Astrakhan]


References:

  1. Adams, C. 1972. Flowering plants of Jamaica
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Backer, C. A. & R. C. Bakhuizen van den Brink, Jr. 1963-1968. Flora of Java.
  4. Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45
  5. Brickell, C., ed. 1997. The American Horticultural Society. Encyclopaedia of garden plants MacMillan Publishing Company, New York, New York.
  6. Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959-. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  7. CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) Note: four books on weeds worldwide in scope
  8. Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Manual of the vascular plants of Texas
  9. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  10. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  11. Fouché, J.-G. 1999. pers. comm. Note: re. French common names
  12. Govaerts, R. & D. G. Frodin. 2002. World checklist and bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae).
  13. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  14. Hay, A. et al. 1995. Checklist & botanical bibliography of the aroids of Malesia, Australia, and the tropical western Pacific. Blumea suppl. 8
  15. Henderson, L. 2001. Alien weeds and invasive plants: a complete guide to declared weeds and invaders in South Africa. Plant Protection Research Institute, Handbook 12
  16. Henderson, M. et al. 1987. Declared weeds and alien invader plants in South Africa. Botanical Research Institute, bulletin 413
  17. Howard, R. 1974-1989. Flora of the lesser Antilles.
  18. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia
  19. Li, H. L. et al., eds. 1975-1979. Flora of Taiwan.
  20. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  21. Liogier, H. A. & L. F. Martorell. 1982. Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis.
  22. Llamas, K. A. 2003. Tropical flowering plants: a guide to identification and cultivation
  23. Long, R. W. & O. Lakela. 1971. A flora of tropical Florida.
  24. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  25. Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson. 1992. Noxious weeds of Australia Inkata Press, Melbourne, Australia.
  26. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  27. Skvortsov, A. K., ed. 2006. Flora of the Lower Volga region 1:313.
  28. Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946-1976. Flora of Guatemala.
  29. USDA National Agricultural Library. National Invasive Species Information Center (on-line resource). URL: http://www.invasivespeciesinfo.gov/aquatics/waterlettuce.shtml target='_blank'
  30. Walker, E. 1976. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands.
  31. Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds
  32. 1961. Webster's third new international dictionary.
  33. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)

Check other web resources for Pistia stratiotes L. :

Images:


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?102491. Accessed 17 July 2019.