Taxon: Chloris virgata Sw.

Genus: Chloris
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
  Subfamily: Chloridoideae
      Tribe: Cynodonteae
Nomen number: 10289
Place of publication: Fl. Ind. occid. 1:203. 1797
Name Verified on: 31-Mar-2004 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 31-Mar-2004
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 46 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: revegetator (fide Mansf Ency)
  • Animal food: fodder (fide F Iraq)
  • Animal food: forage (fide Grass SAfr)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Weed CIBA; Grass US; Invasive Pl Spec)

Distributional Range:


  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Ethiopia; Sudan; Yemen - Socotra
    • Northern Africa: Egypt; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: Botswana; Lesotho; Namibia; South Africa - KwaZulu-Natal, - Free State, - Eastern Cape, - Northern Cape, - Western Cape, - Gauteng, - Limpopo, - Mpumalanga, - North West; Swaziland
    • West Tropical Africa: Mali; Niger; Nigeria
    • Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Arabian Peninsula: Oman; Qatar; Saudi Arabia; Yemen
    • Caucasus: Azerbaijan; Russian Federation - Dagestan
    • China: China - Xinjiang
    • Eastern Asia: Japan - Kyushu, - Ryukyu Islands; Korea; Taiwan
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    • Mongolia: Mongolia
    • Russian Far East: Russian Federation - Primorye
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India; Pakistan
  • Northern America

    • : Mexico
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Kansas, - Missouri, - Oklahoma
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - New Jersey
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico, - Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, - Arkansas, - Florida, - Georgia, - Louisiana, - Maryland, - Mississippi, - North Carolina, - South Carolina, - Tennessee
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, - California, - Nevada, - Utah
  • Southern America

    • Caribbean: Antigua and Barbuda; Cuba; Dominican Republic; Guadeloupe; Haiti; Martinique
    • Mesoamerica: El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama
    • Northern South America: Venezuela
    • Southern South America: Argentina; Chile; Paraguay
    • Western South America: Bolivia; Colombia; Ecuador; Peru

  • Naturalized:

  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Spain - Canary Islands
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
  • Europe

    • Northern Europe: United Kingdom
  • Pacific

    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii

  • Cultivated:

  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India


  • Plants of southern Africa: an online checklist. (Pl SAfr Online)
  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong Flora of the West Indies (on-line resource). (F WIndies Online)
  • Arnold, T. H. & B. C. De Wet, eds. Plants of southern Africa: names and distribution. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa no. 62. 1993 (Pl SAfr)
  • Beetle, A. A. Recommended plant names. Univ. Wyoming Agr. Exp. Sta. Res. J. 31. 1970 (Names Beetle)
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) (Weed CIBA)
  • Davidse, G. et al., eds. Flora mesoamericana. 1994 (F Mesoamer)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Froman, B. & S. Persson An illustrated guide to the grasses of Ethiopia. 1974 (Grass Ethiop)
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  • Ghazanfar, S. A. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of Oman. Scripta Botanica Belgica 2. 1992 (L Oman)
  • Gibbs-Russell, G. E. et al. Grasses of southern Africa. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa vol. 58. 1990 (Grass SAfr)
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • Hitchcock, A. S. Manual of the grasses of the United States, ed. 2. 1950 (Grass US)
  • Hitchcock, A. S. Manual of the grasses of the West Indies. 1936 (Grass WInd)
  • Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. 1990 (L Aust)
  • Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. 1974-1989 (F LAnt)
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. 2008 (F ConoSur)
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  • Iwatsuki, K. et al. Flora of Japan. 1993- (F Japan)
  • Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. 1953-1972 (F WT Afr)
  • Koyama, T. Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions. 1987 (Grass Japan)
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • McVaugh, R. Flora Novo-Galiciana. 1983- (F NGalicia)
  • Migahid, A. M. Flora of Saudi Arabia, ed. 3. 1988-1990 (F Saudi ed3)
  • Miller, A. G. & T. A. Cope Flora of the Arabian Peninsula and Socotra. 1996- (F Arabia)
  • Missouri Botanical Garden Flora of China Checklist (on-line resource). (L China)
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. 1970- (F Pak)
  • Peterson, P. M. et al. 2001. Catalogue of New World grasses (Poaceae): II. Subfamily Chloridoideae Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 41:52.
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Renvoize, S. A. Gramineas de Bolivia. 1998 (Grass Bolivia)
  • Shukla, U. Grasses of north-eastern India. 1996 (Grass NE India)
  • Stace, C. New flora of the British Isles. 1995 (F BritStace)
  • Thulin, M., ed. Flora of Somalia. 1993- (F Somalia)
  • Tovar, Ó. 1993. Las gramíneas (Poaceae) del Perú (Ruizia) 13:282.
  • Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest Flora of Iraq. 1966- (F Iraq)
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. 1952- (F TE Afr)
  • Tzvelev, N. N. Zlaki SSSR. 1976 (Grass USSR)
  • Ugarte, E. et al. 2011. Vascular alien flora, Chile (Check List) 7:365-382.
  • Veldkamp, J. F. 1997. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Wagner, W. L. et al. Flora of the Hawaiian Islands (on-line resource). (F Hawaii Online)
  • Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Wood, J. R. I. A handbook of the flora of Yemen. 1997 (F Yemen)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)
  • Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan Flora palaestina. 1966- (F Palest)
  • Zon, A. P. M. van der Graminées du Cameroun. 1992 (Grass Camer)
  • Zuloaga, F. O. et al. Catalogo de la familia Poaceae en la Republica Argentina. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 47. 1994 (L Grass Argent)


Check other web resources for Chloris virgata Sw. :