Taxon: Metroxylon sagu Rottb.

Genus: Metroxylon
Family: Arecaceae (alt.Palmae)
  Subfamily: Calamoideae
      Tribe: Calameae
        Subtribe: Metroxylinae
Nomen number: 103025
Place of publication: Nye Saml. Danske Vid. Selsk. Skr. 2:527. 1783
Name Verified on: 06-Nov-1985 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 0 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: starch (fide Pl Res SEAs A selection:181. 1989)
  • Human food: vegetable (fide Pl Res SEAs A selection:181. 1989)
  • Materials: alcohol (source of carbohydrates for industrial applications fide Pl Res SEAs A selection:181. 1989)
  • Materials: fiber (source of carbohydrates for industrial applications fide Pl Res SEAs A selection:181. 1989)

Distributional Range:


  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indo-China: Thailand
    • Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia; Papua New Guinea; Philippines
  • Pacific

    • Southwestern Pacific: Fiji

  • Naturalized:

  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India
  • Pacific

    • Southwestern Pacific: Samoa


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Backer, C. A. & R. C. Bakhuizen van den Brink, Jr. Flora of Java. 1963-1968 (F Java)
  • Elevitch, C. R., ed. The traditional tree initiative: species profiles for Pacific Island agroforestry (on-line resource). (Trad Tree Init)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Flach, M. 1997. Sago palm. Metroxylon sagu Rottb. (Prom Underused Crops) 13:1-76.
  • Flach, M. & F. Rumawas, eds. 1996. Plants yielding non-seed carbohydrates (Pl Res SEAs) 9:121-126.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Hackett, C. & J. Carolane Edible Horticultural Crops. 1982 (Edible HC)
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • Kjaer, A. et al. 2004. Investigation of genetic and morphological variation in the sago palm (Metroxylon sagu; Arecaceae) in Papua New Guinea Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 94:109-117.
  • Kunkel, G. Plants for human consumption. 1984 (L Edible Pl)
  • Merrill, E. D. An enumeration of Philippine flowering plants. 1922-1926 (F Philipp)
  • Moore, H. E., Jr. 1963. An annotated checklist of cultivated palms (Principes) 7:152, 178.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rauwerdink, J. B. 1986. An essay on Metroxylon, the sago palm (Principes) 30:171.
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Siemonsma, J. S. & Kasem Piluek, eds. 1993. Vegetables (Pl Res SEAs) 8:327.
  • Uhl, N. W. & J. Dransfield 1987. Genera palmarum: a classification of palms based on the work of Harold E. Moore, Jr. 1987 (Gen Palm) 245.
  • Westphal, E. & P. C. M. Jansen, eds. 1989. A selection (Pl Res SEAs) A:180.
  • Whitmore, T. C. 1973. Palms of Malaya. 1973 (Palms Malaya) 77-78.
  • World Agroforestry Centre, ICRAF-SEA AgroForestry Tree database (on-line resource). (AgroForest Tree)


Check other web resources for Metroxylon sagu Rottb. :

  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.