Taxon: Spartina alterniflora Loisel.

 
Genus: Spartina
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
  Subfamily: Chloridoideae
      Tribe: Zoysieae
Nomen number: 103562
Place of publication: Fl. gall. 719. 1807
Name Verified on: 31-Mar-2003 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6)
Accessions: 15 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

  • salt-water cordgrass  (Source: F CalifJep) - English
  • smooth cordgrass  (Source: Grass US) - English
  • spartine alterniflore  (Source: F NAmer) - French
  • hu hua mi cao  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: erosion control (fide Grass VarUSA; Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Animal food: fodder (fide F ChinaEng)
  • Animal food: forage (fide F ChinaEng)
  • Weed: (fide Invasive Pl Spec)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada - Quebec, - Nova Scotia, - Prince Edward Island, - New Brunswick, - Newfoundland
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, - Maine, - Massachusetts, - New Hampshire, - New Jersey, - New York, - Rhode Island
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, - Delaware, - Florida, - Georgia, - Louisiana, - Maryland, - Mississippi, - North Carolina, - South Carolina, - Virginia
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil - Parana, - Rio de Janeiro, - Rio Grande do Sul, - Santa Catarina, - Sao Paulo
    • Caribbean: Guadeloupe; Trinidad and Tobago - Trinidad
    • Northern South America: French Guiana; Guyana; Suriname
    • Southern South America: Argentina - Buenos Aires, - Rio Negro; Uruguay

  • Naturalized:

  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China - Fujian, - Guangdong, - Guangxi, - Hebei, - Jiangsu, - Shandong, - Zhejiang
  • Australasia

    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Europe

    • Northern Europe: United Kingdom
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Spain
  • Northern America

    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Washington
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - California

References:

  • Alderson, J. & W. C. Sharp Grass varieties in the United States, U.S.D.A. Agric. Handb. 170, rev. ed. 1995 (Grass VarUSA)
  • Allan, H. H. B. et al. Flora of New Zealand. 1961- (F NZeal)
  • Chase, A. & C. D. Niles, comps. Index to grass species. 1962 (Smiths Grass)
  • Clewell, A. F. Guide to the vascular plants of the Florida panhandle. 1985 (F FlaPan)
  • Englert, J. M. et al. USDA-NRCS Improved conservation plant materials released by NRCS and cooperators. 1999- (NRCS Cons Pl Mat)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource). (L Brasil Online)
  • Görts-van Rijn, A. R. A., ed. Flora of the Guianas. 1986- (F Guianas)
  • Hickman, J. C., ed. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California. 1993 (F CalifJep)
  • Hitchcock, A. S. Manual of the grasses of the United States, ed. 2. 1950 (Grass US)
  • Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. 1974-1989 (F LAnt)
  • Reitz, R., ed. Flora ilustrada catarinense. 1965- (F SCatarin)
  • Renvoize, S. A. The grasses of Bahia. 1984 (Grass Bahia)
  • Renvoize, S. A. Hatschbach's Parana grasses. 1988 (Grass Parana)
  • Sell, P. & G. Murrell Flora of Great Britain and Ireland. 1996- (F GB Ire)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)
  • Zuloaga, F. O. et al. Catalogo de la familia Poaceae en la Republica Argentina. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 47. 1994 (L Grass Argent)

Check other web resources for Spartina alterniflora Loisel. :