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Taxon: Chrysobalanus icaco L.

 
Genus: Chrysobalanus
Family: Chrysobalanaceae
Nomen number: 10397
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:513. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 02-Feb-2006 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 19-Sep-2017
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA)
Accessions: 11 (2 active, 2 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: fruit (eaten as preserves); fruit (eaten as preserves)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Zaire
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Benin, Cote D'Ivoire, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Zambia

    Northern America
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Florida (s.)]
    • Mexico

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Bahamas, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, Trinidad and Tobago
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela
    • BRAZIL: Brazil [Alagoas, Amapa, Bahia, Ceara, Espirito Santo, Maranhao, Para, Paraiba, Piaui, Rio de Janeiro, Sao Paulo]
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Colombia, Ecuador


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized

    Africa
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Seychelles

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDO-CHINA: Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Singapore

    Pacific
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: French Polynesia [Marquesas Islands, Society Islands]
    • SOUTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Fiji


References:

  1. Adams, C. Flowering plants of Jamaica. 1972 (F Jam)
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  3. Aubréville, A. et al., eds. Flore du Cambodge du Laos et du Viet-Nam. (F CambLVN)
  4. Correll, D. S. & H. B. Correll Flora of the Bahama archipelago. (F Bahamas)
  5. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  6. Harling, G. & B. Sparre, eds. Flora of Ecuador. (F Ecuador)
  7. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  8. Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource). (Pacif I Ecosyst Risk)
  9. IPGRI New World Fruits Database (on-line resource). (New World Fruits)
  10. Jardin botanique national de Belgique Flore du Congo, du Rwanda et du Burundi (Flore d'Afrique centrale). (F Afr Centr)
  11. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. (F WT Afr)
  12. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  13. Long, R. W. & O. Lakela A flora of tropical Florida. (F TFla)
  14. Prance, G. T. 1972. Chrysobalanaceae Fl. Neotrop. Monogr. 9:15-20.
  15. Prance, G. T. 1970. The genera of Chrysobalanaceae in the southeastern United States J. Arnold Arbor. 51:525.
  16. Prance, G. T. & C. A. Sothers 2003. Chrysobalanaceae 1, Chrysobananus to Parinari (Species Plant) 9:5-7.
  17. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  18. Smith, A. C. Flora vitiensis nova. (F Viti)
  19. Standley, P. C. Trees and shrubs of Mexico. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 23:1-1721. (TreesS Mex)
  20. Uphof, J. C. T. 1968. Dictionary of economic plants, ed. 2. (Dict Econ Pl) 128.
  21. Verheij, E. W. M. & R. E. Coronel, eds. 1991. Edible fruits and nuts (Pl Res SEAs) 2:325.

Check other web resources for Chrysobalanus icaco L. :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • New World Fruits Database: Online database from Bioversity International
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Embryo drawing: U.S. National Seed Herbarium drawing
  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?10397. Accessed 15 December 2018.