Taxon: Bidens bipinnata L.

Genus: Bidens
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
  Subfamily: Asteroideae
      Tribe: Coreopsideae
Nomen number: 104072
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:832. 1753
Name Verified on: 25-Feb-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 25-Feb-2012
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 0 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • hemlock beggar-ticks  (Source: PROTA4U) - English
  • Spanish-needles  (Source: F BritStace) - English
  • bident bipenné  (Source: PROTA4U) - French
  • herbe à aiguilles  (Source: PROTA4U) - French
  • herbe aiguille  (Source: PROTA4U) - French
  • fiederblättriger Zweizahn  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • beijo-de-moça  (Source: PROTA4U) - Portuguese
  • carrapicho-agulha  (Source: PROTA4U) - Portuguese
  • flikskära  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • po po zhen  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Bee plants: honey production (fide Dict Gard)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Pl Res SEAs 12(1):153. 1999; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Dict Gard)

Distributional Range:


    . exact native range obscure


  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick, - Ontario
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, - Iowa, - Kansas, - Missouri, - Nebraska, - Oklahoma
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, - Indiana, - New Jersey, - New York, - Ohio, - Pennsylvania, - Rhode Island, - West Virginia
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico, - Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, - Arkansas, - Florida, - Georgia, - Kentucky, - Louisiana, - Maryland, - Mississippi, - North Carolina, - South Carolina, - Tennessee, - Virginia, - District of Columbia
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona

  • Naturalized:

  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Cape Verde
    • South Tropical Africa: Malawi; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: Botswana; Lesotho; South Africa; Swaziland
    • West Tropical Africa: Cote D'Ivoire; Ghana; Guinea; Nigeria; Sierra Leone; Togo
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Cameroon
    • Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Arabian Peninsula: Yemen
    • Caucasus: Georgia; Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia - Ciscaucasia
    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan - Honshu; Korea; Taiwan
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan; India - Himachal Pradesh, - Jammu and Kashmir, - Punjab, - Uttar Pradesh; Nepal
    • Indo-China: Cambodia; Laos; Thailand; Vietnam
    • Malesia: Philippines
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
  • Europe

    • Middle Europe: Switzerland
    • Southeastern Europe: Bulgaria; Croatia; Italy; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil - Rio Grande do Sul, - Santa Catarina
    • Northern South America: Venezuela

  • Adventive:

  • Asia-Temperate

    • Western Asia: Cyprus
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Estonia; Russian Federation-European part - European part
    • Middle Europe: Belgium; Germany; Hungary
    • Northern Europe: United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Montenegro; Romania
    • Southwestern Europe: Spain


  • PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource). (L Brasil Online)
  • Foster, S. & J. A. Duke A field guide to medicinal plants: Eastern/Central North America, 2nd ed. 2000 (EastC Med Pl)
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. 1963 (Glea Cron)
  • Grellin, J. K. & J. Philpott A reference guide to medicinal plants. 1990 (RefGuide MedPl)
  • Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim. 1984- (F Bhutan)
  • Hansen, A. & P. Sunding Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17. 1993 (L Macar ed4)
  • Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. 1990 (L Aust)
  • Hokche, O. et al. Nuevo catálogo de la flora vascular de Venezola. 2008 (L Venez ed2)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. 2008 (F ConoSur)
  • Iwatsuki, K. et al. Flora of Japan. 1993- (F Japan)
  • Kitagawa, M. Neo-lineamenta florae Manshuricae. 1979 (F Manshur)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. 1934-1964 (F USSR)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Merrill, E. D. An enumeration of Philippine flowering plants. 1922-1926 (F Philipp)
  • Moerman, D. Native American ethnobotany, ed. 5. 1998 (Nat Amer Ethnobot)
  • Padua, L. S. de et al., eds. 1999. Medicinal and poisonous plants 1 (Pl Res SEAs) 12(1):153.
  • Sharma, B. D. et al., eds. Flora of India. 1993- (F India)
  • Sherff, E. E. 1937. Thje genus Bidens Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot. Ser. 16:366.
  • Stace, C. New flora of the British Isles. 1995 (F BritStace)
  • Stewart, R. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of West Pakistan and Kashmir. 1972 (L Pak)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Wood, J. R. I. A handbook of the Yemen flora. 1997 (F Yemen)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Bidens bipinnata L. :


  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image