Taxon: Centaurea nigra L.

Genus: Centaurea
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
  Subfamily: Carduoideae
      Tribe: Cardueae
        Subtribe: Centaureinae
Nomen number: 104128
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:911. 1753
Name Verified on: 01-Mar-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 01-Mar-2012
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 0 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Weed: (fide Hortus 3)

Distributional Range:


  • Africa

    • Northern Africa: Morocco
  • Europe

    • Middle Europe: Belgium; Germany; Netherlands
    • Northern Europe: Ireland; Norway; United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Croatia; Italy
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain

  • Naturalized:

  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Europe

    • Middle Europe: Austria
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Sweden
  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada - Quebec, - Nova Scotia, - Ontario, - Prince Edward Island, - New Brunswick, - Newfoundland; St. Pierre and Miquelon
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, - Iowa, - Missouri, - Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, - Maine, - Massachusetts, - Michigan, - New Hampshire, - New Jersey, - New York, - Ohio, - Pennsylvania, - Rhode Island, - Vermont, - West Virginia
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Idaho, - Montana, - Oregon, - Washington
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Delaware, - Kentucky, - Maryland, - Virginia
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - California
    • Western Canada: Canada - British Columbia
  • Southern America

    • Southern South America: Chile

  • Adventive:

  • Europe

    • Middle Europe: Czech Republic; Poland


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  • Allan, H. H. B. et al. Flora of New Zealand. 1961- (F NZeal)
  • Black, J. M. Flora of Southern Australia, ed. 2. 1943-1957 (F SAustBlack)
  • Clapham, A. R. et al. Flora of the British Isles ed. 2. 1962 (F BritClap)
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. 1965-1988 (F Turk)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 16. Auflage. 2000 (Zander ed16)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. 1963 (Glea Cron)
  • Hitchcock, C. L. et al. Vascular plants of the Pacific Northwest. 1955-1969 (F Pacif NW)
  • Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. 1990 (L Aust)
  • Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. 2008 (F ConoSur)
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 1994 (L US Can ed2)
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Ochsmann, J. Knapweeds (Centaurea L. and some related genera) in North America (Centaurea Pages)
  • Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson Noxious weeds of Australia. 1992 (Noxweed Aust)
  • Radford, A. E. et al., eds. Vascular flora of the southeastern United States. 1980- (F SE US)
  • Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. 1978-1979 (F Canada)
  • Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually). (State Noxweed Seed)
  • Sell, P. & G. Murrell Flora of Great Britain and Ireland. 1996- (F GB Ire)
  • Stace, C. New flora of the British Isles. 1995 (F BritStace)
  • Steyermark, J. A. Flora of Missouri. 1977 (F Missouri)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Willis, J. H. A handbook to plants in Victoria. 1970-1972 (F VictWillis)

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