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Taxon: Lactuca biennis (Moench) Fernald

 
Genus: Lactuca
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
Subfamily: Cichorioideae
Tribe: Cichorieae
Subtribe: Lactucinae
Nomen number: 104379
Place of publication: Rhodora 42:300. 1940
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 23-Feb-2009 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 5 (5 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use), synonyms and invalid designations:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym, I invalid designation)

Common names:

  • blue wood lettuce  (Source: F GPlains) - English
  • tall blue lettuce  (Source: Glea Cron ed2) - English
  • tall blue lettuce   - English (Canada)
  • laitue bisannuelle   - French (Canada)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • SUBARCTIC AMERICA: Canada, [Yukon (s.)] United States [Alaska (s.e.)]
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Québec, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Saskatchewan, Alberta, Manitoba, British Columbia]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Minnesota, North Dakota (e.), South Dakota (e. & w.), Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Delaware, Kentucky, Maryland (w.), North Carolina (w.), Tennessee, Virginia (w.), District of Columbia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [California (n.), Utah]


References:

  1. Browne, E. T. & R. Athey. 1992. Vascular plants of Kentucky: an annotated checklist
  2. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 280.
  3. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  4. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2
  5. Hartman, R. L. et al. 2006. New vascular plant records for New Mexico. Sida 22:1226.
  6. Hickman, J. C., ed. 1993. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California
  7. Hitchcock, C. L. et al. 1955-1969. Vascular plants of the Pacific Northwest.
  8. Lebeda, A. et al. 2004. Geographical distribution of wild Lactuca species (Asteraceae, Lactuceae). Bot. Rev. (Lancaster) 70:328-356
  9. Magee, D. W. & H. E. Ahles. 1999. Flora of the Northeast. A manual of the vascular flora of New England and adjacent New York.
  10. McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association). 1986. Flora of the Great Plains.
  11. Munz, P. A. & D. D. Keck. 1959. A California flora.
  12. Ohio Flora Committee (E. L. Braun, T. S. Cooperrider, T. R. Fisher, J. J. Furlow). 1967-. The vascular flora of Ohio.
  13. Radford, A. E. et al., eds. 1980-. Vascular flora of the southeastern United States.
  14. Scoggan, H. J. 1978-1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol.
  15. Strausbaugh, T. D. & E. L. Core. 1978. Flora of West Virginia, ed. 2.
  16. Voss, E. 1972-. Michigan flora.
  17. Wofford, B. E. Database of Tennessee vascular plants (on-line resource). URL: https://herbarium.utk.edu/vascular/vascular-database.php?CategoryID=Dicots&FamilyID=Asteraceae&GenusID=Lactuca&SpeciesID=biennis target='_blank'

Check other web resources for Lactuca biennis (Moench) Fernald :

  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2020. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?104379. Accessed 17 February 2020.