Taxon: Malus domestica Borkh.

Genus: Malus
    Section: Malus
Family: Rosaceae
  Subfamily: Amygdaloideae
      Tribe: Maleae
        Subtribe: Malinae
Nomen number: 104681
Place of publication: Theor. prakt. Handb. Forstbot. 2:1272. 1803, nom. cons. prop.
  • • [a pending conservation proposal, if adopted, will preserve its current usage]
  • • fide Telopea 9:427. 2001 an illegitimate, superfluous name (Melbourne ICN Art. 52) for M. communis Desf. (1798), i.e. based on the same type (that of Pyrus malus L.)
  • • proposed for conservation (nom. cons. prop. against the homotypic and heterotypic synonyms (Melbourne ICN Art. 14) M. communis, M. pumila, and three other names
Name Verified on: 21-Jun-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 19-Sep-2014
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Geneva (GEN)
Accessions: 2395 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: beverage base (fide Food Feed Crops US)
  • Human food: fruit (fide Food Feed Crops US)
  • Fuels: fuelwood (fide L. Gilbert, pers. comm. 1998)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide L. Gilbert, pers. comm. 1998; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kingsbury, as Malus sylvestris)
  • Social: religious/secular (eaten during some Jewish holidays fide R. Joseph 2009)

Distributional Range:


    . sometimes natzd.


    . also cult.


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  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
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  • Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. 1959- (F China)
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  • Harris, S. A. et al. 2002. Genetic clues to the origin of the apple Trends Genet. 18:426-430.
  • Harris, S. A. et al. 2002. Genetic clues to the origin of the apple Trends Genet. 18:426-430.
  • Hokanson, S. C. et al. 2001. Microsatellite (SSR) variation in a collection of Malus (apple) species and hybrids (Euphytica) 118:281-294.
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
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  • Zhou, Z.-Q. 1999. The apple genetic resources in China: the wild species and their distributions, informative characterists and utilisation Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 46:605.


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