Taxon: Malus domestica (Suckow) Borkh.

 
Genus: Malus
Section: Malus
Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Amygdaloideae
Tribe: Maleae
Subtribe: Malinae
Nomen number: 104681
Place of publication: Theor. prakt. Handb. Forstbot. 2:1272. 1803, nom. cons.
Link to protologue:
Comments:
  • • fide Telopea 9:427. 2001 an illegitimate, superfluous name (Melbourne ICN Art. 52) for M. communis Desf. (1798), i.e. based on the same type (that of Pyrus malus L.)
  • • now conserved (nom. cons.) against the heterotypic synonyms (Melbourne ICN Art. 14.4 & App. IV) M. communis, M. pumila, and five other names
Typification:
Name Verified on: 21-Jun-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 21-May-2018
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Geneva (GEN)
Accessions: 1484 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: beverage base ()
  • Human food: fruit ()
  • Fuels: fuelwood ()
  • Medicines: folklore (fide L. Gilbert, pers. comm. 1998; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (as Malus sylvestris)
  • Social: religious/secular (eaten during some Jewish holidays fide R. Joseph 2009)

Distributional Range:

    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized (sometimes natzd.)

References:

  1. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). (AgroAtlas)
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  3. Applequist, W. L. 2014. Report of the Nomenclature Committee for Vascular Plants: 66 (Taxon) 63:1359.
  4. Batra, L. R. Names of Japanese plants sorted by their Japanese names in Romanized Katakana and scientific nomenclature. 1995 (Names Batra)
  5. Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. (F China)
  6. Cornille, A. et al. 2012. New insight into the history of domesticated apple: secondary contribution of the European wild apple to the genome of cultivated varieties PLoS Genet. 8(5): e1002703. (DOI:10.1371/journal.pgen.1002703)
  7. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  8. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage. 1993 (Zander ed14)
  9. Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage. 2002 (Zander ed17)
  10. Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  11. Facciola, S. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants. 1990 (Cornucopia)
  12. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  13. Gilbert, L. 1998. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  14. Gross, B. L. et al. 2012. Identification of interspecific hybrids among domesticated apple and its wild relatives Tree Genet. Genomes 8:1223-1235.
  15. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  16. Harris, S. A. et al. 2002. Genetic clues to the origin of the apple Trends Genet. 18:426-430.
  17. Hokanson, S. C. et al. 2001. Microsatellite (SSR) variation in a collection of Malus (apple) species and hybrids (Euphytica) 118:281-294.
  18. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  19. Joseph, R. 2009. Rosh Hashanah: it's crunch time for apples
  20. Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  21. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  22. Korban, S. S. & R. M. Skirvan 1984. Nomenclature of the cultivated apple (HortScience) 19:177-180.
  23. León, B. 1996. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  24. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  25. Likhonos, F. D. 1974. A survey of the species in the genus Malus Mill. Trudy Prikl. Bot. 52(3):29.
  26. Mabberley, D. J. et al. 2001. The name of the apple (Telopea) 9:427.
  27. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  28. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  29. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  30. Ponomarenko, V. V. 1980. The present status of the problem of origin of Malus domestica Borkh. Trudy Prikl. Bot. 67(1):11-21.
  31. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  32. Qian, G.-Z. et al. 2010. (1933) Proposal to conserve the name Malus domestica against M. pumila, M. communis, M. frutescens, and Pyrus dioica (Rosaceae) (Taxon) 59:650-652.
  33. Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  34. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  35. Reichel, S. 1998. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  36. Robinson, J. P. et al. 2001. Taxonomy of the genus Malus Mill. (Rosaceae) with emphasis on the cultivated apple, Malus domestica Borkh. Pl. Syst. Evol. 226:35-58.
  37. Steyermark, J. A. Flora of Missouri. (F Missouri)
  38. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  39. Verheij, E. W. M. & R. E. Coronel, eds. 1991. Edible fruits and nuts (Pl Res SEAs) 2:200.
  40. Walters, S. M. et al., eds. European garden flora. (Eur Gard F)
  41. Zhou, Z.-Q. 1999. The apple genetic resources in China: the wild species and their distributions, informative characterists and utilisation Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 46:605.

Check other web resources for Malus domestica (Suckow) Borkh. :


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?104681. Accessed 27 May 2018.