Taxon: Cicuta maculata L.

 
Genus: Cicuta
Family: Apiaceae (alt.Umbelliferae)
  Subfamily: Apioideae
      Tribe: Oenantheae
Nomen number: 10545
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:256. 1753
Name Verified on: 31-Jan-1996 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 3 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

  • musquashroot  (Source: F Canada) - English
  • spotted cowbane  (Source: F Canada) - English
  • spotted water-hemlock  (Source: Names Beetle) - English
  • water-hemlock  (Source: F Utah ed2) - English

Economic Importance:

  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kingsbury; Lampe & McCann; Intermt F)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick, - Nova Scotia, - Ontario, - Prince Edward Island, - Quebec
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, - Iowa, - Kansas, - Minnesota, - Missouri, - Nebraska, - North Dakota, - Oklahoma, - South Dakota, - Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, - Indiana, - Maine, - Massachusetts, - Michigan, - New Hampshire, - New Jersey, - New York, - Ohio, - Pennsylvania, - Rhode Island, - Vermont, - West Virginia
    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Chihuahua, - Coahuila, - Nuevo Leon, - Tamaulipas
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado, - Idaho, - Montana, - Oregon, - Washington, - Wyoming
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico, - Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, - Arkansas, - Delaware, - Florida, - Georgia, - Kentucky, - Louisiana, - Maryland, - Mississippi, - North Carolina, - South Carolina, - Tennessee, - Virginia
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico - Tabasco, - Veracruz
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, - California, - Nevada, - Utah
    • Subarctic America: Canada - Northwest Territory, - Yukon Territory; United States - Alaska
    • Western Canada: Canada - Alberta, - British Columbia, - Manitoba, - Saskatchewan

References:

  • Allred, Kelly W. Flora Neomexicana I: The vascular plants of New Mexico, an annotated checklist to the names of vascular plants with synonymy and bibliography. 2008 (L New Mex)
  • Beetle, A. A. Recommended plant names. Univ. Wyoming Agr. Exp. Sta. Res. J. 31. 1970 (Names Beetle)
  • Cody, W. J. Flora of the Yukon Territory. 1996 (F Yukon)
  • CONABIO Comisión Nacional para el Conocimiento y Uso de la Biodiversidad en Mexico. Sistema Integrado de Información Taxonómica (SIIT) (on-line resource). (CONABIO)
  • Correll, D. S. & H. B. Correll Aquatic and wetland plants of southwestern United States, 2 vol. 1975 (Aquat SW US)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Foster, S. & J. A. Duke A field guide to medicinal plants: Eastern/Central North America, 2nd ed. 2000 (EastC Med Pl)
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. 1963 (Glea Cron)
  • Godfrey, R. K. & J. W. Wooten Aquatic and wetland plants of southeastern United States, 2 vol. 1979-1981 (Aquat SE US)
  • Hickman, J. C., ed. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California. 1993 (F CalifJep)
  • Hitchcock, C. L. et al. Vascular plants of the Pacific Northwest. 1955-1969 (F Pacif NW)
  • Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. 1964 (Kingsbury)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. 1934-1964 (F USSR)
  • Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. 1985 (Lampe & McCann)
  • Mathias, M. E. & L. Constance 1944. Umbelliferae (N Amer fl) 28B:156.
  • McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association) Flora of the Great Plains. 1986 (F GPlains)
  • Moerman, D. Native American ethnobotany, ed. 5. 1998 (Nat Amer Ethnobot)
  • Moss, E. H. & J. G. Packer Flora of Alberta, ed. 2. 1983 (F Alberta)
  • Mulligan, G. A. 1980. The genus Cicuta in North America Canad. J. Bot. 58:1760, 1765.
  • Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource). (Can Poison Pl)
  • Porsild, A. E. & W. J. Cody Vascular plants of continental Northwest Territories, Canada. 1980 (F NW Terr)
  • Radford, A. E. et al. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. 1964 (F Carolin)
  • Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. 1978-1979 (F Canada)
  • Welsh, S. L. et al. A Utah flora. Great Basin Naturalist Mem. 9. 1987 (F Utah)
  • Welsh, S. L. et al. A Utah flora. 1993 (F Utah ed2)
  • Whitson, T. D. et al., eds. Weeds of the West, ed. 5. 1999 (Weeds West)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)

Check other web resources for Cicuta maculata L. :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image