Taxon: Capsella bursa-pastoris (L.) Medik.

 
Genus: Capsella
Family: Brassicaceae (alt.Cruciferae)
      Tribe: Camelineae
Nomen number: 105461
Place of publication: Pfl.-Gatt. 85. 1792
Name Verified on: 30-Apr-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 30-Apr-2010
Species priority site is: Northeast Regional PI Station (NE9)
Accessions: 3 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Harmful organism host: crop diseases (fide Pl Cell Rep 26:1792. 2007 citing resistance to Alternaria brassicae and Sclerotinia)
  • Harmful organism host: crop pests (fide Crop Prod Sci 9:134. 1999)
  • Human food: vegetable (fide Econ Bot 50:61, 67. 1996)
  • Gene sources: potential for crop quality in rape (fide Pl Cell Rep 26:1791. 2007, reporting hybrids with reduced erucic acid and glucosinolates content from crosses between this species and Brassica napus)
  • Gene sources: potential for gene transfer in turnip (fide Pl Cell Rep 26:1791. 2007)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of cabbage/kale (based on hybrids with Brassica olearacea obtained by protoplast fusion fide Wild Crop Rel Oils 3:54. 2011)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of rape (fide Pl Cell Rep 26:1791. 2007, reporting hybrids from crosses between this species and Brassica napus)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of turnip (fide Pl Cell Rep 26:1791. 2007, reporting hybrid formation in crosses with Brassica rapa subsp. chinensis as female parent)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2; Herbal Drugs)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Weed CIBA)

Distributional Range:

    Other:

    . exact native range in Asia obscure

    Native:

  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Madeira Islands
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Egypt; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Arabian Peninsula: Saudi Arabia; Yemen
    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Dagestan; Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia - Ciscaucasia
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Syria; Turkey
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Pakistan
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation-European part - European part; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Iceland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain

  • Naturalized:

  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores; Spain - Canary Islands
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Eritrea; Ethiopia
    • South Tropical Africa: Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: Lesotho; South Africa
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Zaire
    • Western Indian Ocean: Mauritius; Reunion
  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan; Korea
    • Russian Far East: Russian Federation-Far East - Far East
    • Siberia: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia - Eastern Siberia; Russian Federation-Western Siberia - Western Siberia
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan; India; Sri Lanka
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Northern America

    • : Canada; Mexico; United States
    • Subarctic America: Greenland
  • Pacific

    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Caribbean: Cuba; Hispaniola; Jamaica
    • Central America: Costa Rica; Guatemala
    • Southern South America: Argentina; Chile; Uruguay
    • Western South America: Bolivia; Ecuador; Peru

  • Cultivated:

  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Korea

References:

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  • Chen, H.-F. et al. 2007. Production and genetic analysis of partial hybrids in intertribal crosses between Brassica species (B. rapa, B. napus) and Capsella bursa-pastoris Pl. Cell Rep. 26:1791-1800.
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Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Capsella bursa-pastoris (L.) Medik. :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image