Taxon: Capsella bursa-pastoris (L.) Medik.

 
Genus: Capsella
Family: Brassicaceae (alt.Cruciferae)
Tribe: Camelineae
Nomen number: 105461
Place of publication: Pfl.-Gatt. 85. 1792
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 30-Apr-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 30-Apr-2010
Species priority site is: Northeast Regional PI Station (NE9)
Accessions: 3 in National Plant Germplasm System

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Harmful organism host: crop diseases (citing resistance to Alternaria brassicae and Sclerotinia)
  • Harmful organism host: crop pests ()
  • Human food: vegetable ()
  • Gene sources: potential for crop quality in rape (fide Pl Cell Rep 26:1791. 2007, reporting hybrids with reduced erucic acid and glucosinolates content from crosses between this species and Brassica napus)
  • Gene sources: potential for gene transfer in turnip (fide Pl Cell Rep 26:1791. 2007)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of cabbage/kale (based on hybrids with Brassica olearacea obtained by protoplast fusion fide Wild Crop Rel Oils 3:54. 2011)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of rape (fide Pl Cell Rep 26:1791. 2007, reporting hybrids from crosses between this species and Brassica napus)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of turnip (fide Pl Cell Rep 26:1791. 2007, reporting hybrid formation in crosses with Brassica rapa subsp. chinensis as female parent)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2; Herbal Drugs)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals ()
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant ()

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal [Madeira Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Saudi Arabia, Yemen
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Pakistan

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Cultivated

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Korea


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Azores] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Eritrea, Ethiopia
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Zaire
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Lesotho, South Africa
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Mauritius, Reunion

    Asia-Temperate
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation-Far East [Far East]
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, Korea

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bhutan, India, Sri Lanka

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Northern America
    • SUBARCTIC AMERICA: Greenland
    • Canada, Mexico, United States

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Cuba, Hispaniola, Jamaica
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Costa Rica, Guatemala
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Ecuador, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile, Uruguay


    Other (exact native range in Asia obscure)

References:

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  2. Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 98. 2012 (L West Indies)
  3. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
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Check other web resources for Capsella bursa-pastoris (L.) Medik. :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?105461. Accessed 23 June 2018.