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Taxon: Cinchona pubescens Vahl

 
Genus: Cinchona
Family: Rubiaceae
Subfamily: Cinchonoideae
Tribe: Cinchoneae
Nomen number: 10570
Place of publication: Skr. Naturhist.-Selsk. 1:19, t. 2. 1790
Link to protologue: https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/56359117
Name Verified on: 18-May-1998 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 37 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring (bitter for tonic water & alcoholic beverages) flavoring
  • Materials:
  • Medicines: folklore; folklore
  • Weed:

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Southern America
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Costa Rica, Panama [Chiriquí]
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Venezuela
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Cape Verde

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]
    • NORTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Micronesia

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: West Indies
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Ecuador [Galápagos]


References:

  1. Adams, C. 1972. Flowering plants of Jamaica Note: introduced
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Andersson, L. 1998. A revision of the genus Cinchona (Rubiaceae-Cinchoneae). Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 80:30.
  4. Bisset, N. G., ed. 1994. Herbal drugs and phytopharmaceuticals. A handbook for practice on a scientific basis CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida. Note: translation of German edition by M. Wichtl, ed.
  5. Buddenhagen, C. E. et al. 2004. The control of a highly invasive tree Cinchona pubescens in Galapagos. Weed Technol. 18:1194-1202.
  6. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  7. Encarnación, F. 1983. Nomenclatura de las especies forestales comunes en el Perú Note: Documento de Trabajo no. 7, Proyecto PNUD/FAO/PER/81/002, Lima, Peru
  8. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  9. Fischer, L. K. et al. 2009. Tree invasion in managed tropical forests facilitates endemic species. J. Biogeogr. 36:2251-2263. Note: together with Cinchona calisaya were introduced in Hawai'i in the 1940s, both species are considered invasives, although providing posistive effects on native understorey species
  10. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Cinchona+pubescens&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  11. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  12. Harling, G. & B. Sparre, eds. 1973-. Flora of Ecuador.
  13. Lasser, T., ed. 1964-. Flora de Venezuela.
  14. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster. 1996. Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2 Note: = C. succirubra
  15. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  16. Macbride, J. F. et al., eds. 1936-. Flora of Peru Note: 1936-1971; new ser. 1980-
  17. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  18. Padua, L. S. de et al., eds. 1999. Medicinal and poisonous plants 1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 12(1):204.
  19. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  20. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  21. Soukup, J. 1973. Las Rubiaceas del Perú, sus géneros y lista de especies. Biota 9:325.
  22. Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946-1976. Flora of Guatemala.
  23. Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds
  24. Westphal, E. & P. C. M. Jansen, eds. 1989. A selection. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) A:83.
  25. Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. 1943-1980. Flora of Panama.

Check other web resources for Cinchona pubescens Vahl :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?10570. Accessed 23 August 2019.