Taxon: Citharexylum spinosum L.

Genus: Citharexylum
Family: Verbenaceae
Nomen number: 10664
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:625. 1753
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 08-Feb-1996 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 08-Feb-1996
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA)
Accessions: 0 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard; Hortus 3)
  • Weed: (fide Global Comp Weeds)

Distributional Range:


  • Northern America

    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States Florida
  • Southern America

    • Caribbean: Anguilla ; Antigua and Barbuda ; Bahamas ; Barbados ; Cayman Islands ; Cuba ; Dominica ; Grenada ; Guadeloupe ; Hispaniola ; Jamaica ; Martinique ; Montserrat ; Netherlands Antilles ; Puerto Rico ; St. Kitts and Nevis St. Kitts; St. Lucia ; St. Vincent and Grenadines ; Trinidad and Tobago ; Virgin Islands (British) ; Virgin Islands (U.S.)
    • Northern South America: Guyana ; Suriname ; Venezuela

  • Cultivated


  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. et al. Flora of St. John, U.S. Virgin Islands. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 78:1-581. (F St John)
  • Correll, D. S. & H. B. Correll Flora of the Bahama archipelago. (F Bahamas)
  • Exell, A. W. et al., eds. Flora zambesiaca. (F Zamb)
  • Görts-van Rijn, A. R. A., ed. Flora of the Guianas. (F Guianas)
  • Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. (F LAnt)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Jardín Botánico Nacional Flora de la República de Cuba. 1998- (F Cuba)
  • León (J. S. Sauget) & Alain (E. E. Liogier) Flora de Cuba. 1946-1962; suppl. (F CubaLeon)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  • Liogier, A. H. Flora of Hispaniola: Part 1; La Flora de la Española. Part II-. (F Hispan)
  • Liogier, H. A. Descriptive flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands. (F PuertoR)
  • Méndez Santos, I. E. & S. Cafferty 2001. Typification of Linnaean names of taxa of Verbenaceae s.str. described from the Greater Antilles (Taxon) 50:1137-1138.
  • Nicolson, D. H. et al. Flora of Dominica, Part 2: Dicotyledonae. Smithsonian contributions to botany vol. 77. (F Dominica) 223.
  • Randall, R. P. A global compendium of weeds. 2002 (Global Comp Weeds)
  • Steyermark, J. A. et al., eds. Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana. (F VenGuay)
  • Wunderlin, R. & B. Hansen Atlas of Florida vascular plants (on-line resource). (Atlas Florida)
  • Wunderlin, R. P. Guide to the vascular plants of central Florida. 1982 (F CFla)

Check other web resources for Citharexylum spinosum L. :