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Taxon: Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai

 
Genus: Citrullus
Family: Cucurbitaceae
Tribe: Benincaseae
Nomen number: 10675
Place of publication: Cat. sem. spor. hort. bot. Univ. Imp. Tokyo 30, no. 854. 1916 (l.c. 38. 1920), nom. cons.
Link to protologue:
Comment: the basionym Momordica lanata Thunb. was conserved (nom. cons., Shenzhen ICN Art. 14.9 & App. IV) with a conserved type and against the heterotypic synonym (Shenzhen ICN Art. 14.4) Citrullus battich Forssk., nom. rej.
Name Verified on: 13-Mar-2019 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 13-Mar-2019
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 3551 (1660 active, 1191 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: fruit
  • Medicines: folklore
  • Vertebrate poisons:
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Egypt (s.)
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya (n.)


    Cultivated (widely cult.)

    Uncertain

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Egypt (during the Pleistocene and Holocene), Libya (during the Pleistocene and Holocene)


    Other

    Africa
    • Africa (probable origin w. or n.e. Africa)


References:

  1. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  2. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). (AgroAtlas)
  3. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  4. Applequist, W. L. 2016. Report of the Nomenclature Committee for Vascular Plants: 67 (Taxon) 65:173.
  5. Borlaug, N. et al., eds. 2008. Fruits: Watermelon (Lost Crops Afr) 3:165-181.
  6. Bosser, J. M. et al., eds. Flores des Mascareignes. (F Mascar)
  7. Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  8. Burkill, H. M. The useful plants of west tropical Africa. (Use Pl WT Afr)
  9. Chomicki, G. & S. S. Renner 2015. Watermelon origin solved with molecular phylogenetics including Linnaean material: another example of museonomics New Phytol. 205:526-532.
  10. Dane, F. & J. Liu 2007. Diversity and origin of cultivated and citron type watermelon (Citrullus lanatus) Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 54:1255-1265.
  11. Decker-Walters, D. S. 1999. Cucurbit, Sanskrit, and the Indo-Aryas Econ. Bot. 53:106.
  12. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  13. Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen (Zander Ency)
  14. Exell, A. W. et al., eds. Flora zambesiaca. (F Zamb)
  15. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  16. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  17. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  18. International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2. (Mult Glossary Crops)
  19. Iwatsuki, K. et al. Flora of Japan. (F Japan)
  20. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  21. McVaugh, R. Flora Novo-Galiciana. (F NGalicia)
  22. Meeuse, A. D. J. 1962. The Cucurbitaceae of southern Africa (Bothalia) 8:57.
  23. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants (Kulturpflanze) 34:90.
  24. Paris, H. S. 2015. Origin and emergence of the sweet dessert watermelon, Citrullus lanatus Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 116:133-148.
  25. Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson Noxious weeds of Australia (Noxweed Aust)
  26. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  27. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  28. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants (Dict Rehm)
  29. Renner, S. S. et al. 2014. (2313) Proposal to conserve the name Momordica lanata (Citrullus lanatus) (watermelon, Cucurbitaceae), with a conserved type, against Citrullus battich (Taxon) 63:941-942.
  30. Siemonsma, J. S. & Kasem Piluek, eds. 1993. Vegetables (Pl Res SEAs) 8:144.
  31. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. (F TE Afr)
  32. Wilson, K. L. 2017. Report of the General Committee: 17 (Taxon) 66:478.
  33. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai :

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?10675. Accessed 26 June 2019.