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Taxon: Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai

 
Genus: Citrullus
Family: Cucurbitaceae
Tribe: Benincaseae
Nomen number: 10675
Place of publication: Cat. sem. spor. hort. bot. Univ. Imp. Tokyo 30, no. 854. 1916 (l.c. 38. 1920), nom. cons.
Link to protologue:
Comment: the basionym Momordica lanata Thunb. was conserved (nom. cons., Shenzhen ICN Art. 14.9 & App. IV) with a conserved type and against the heterotypic synonym (Shenzhen ICN Art. 14.4) Citrullus battich Forssk., nom. rej.
Name Verified on: 13-Mar-2019 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 3552 (1661 active, 1177 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: fruit
  • Medicines: folklore
  • Vertebrate poisons:
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Egypt (s.)
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya (n.)


    Cultivated (widely cult.)

    Uncertain

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Egypt (during the Pleistocene and Holocene), Libya (during the Pleistocene and Holocene)


    Other

    Africa
    • Africa (probable origin w. or n.e. Africa)


References:

  1. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). URL: http://www.agroatlas.ru/en/content/cultural/Citrullus_lanatus_K/ target='_blank'
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Applequist, W. L. 2016. Report of the Nomenclature Committee for Vascular Plants: 67. Taxon 65:173. Note: proposal recommended
  4. Borlaug, N. et al., eds. 2008. Fruits: Watermelon. Lost crops of Africa. 3:165-181.
  5. Bosser, J. M. et al., eds. 1976-. Flores des Mascareignes.
  6. Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  7. Burkill, H. M. 1985-2004. The useful plants of west tropical Africa.
  8. Chomicki, G. & S. S. Renner. 2015. Watermelon origin solved with molecular phylogenetics including Linnaean material: another example of museonomics. New Phytol. 205:526-532. Note: it showed that the original type of this name applies to South African plants, and it represents an entity not closely related to watermelon
  9. Dane, F. & J. Liu. 2007. Diversity and origin of cultivated and citron type watermelon (Citrullus lanatus). Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 54:1255-1265.
  10. Decker-Walters, D. S. 1999. Cucurbit, Sanskrit, and the Indo-Aryas. Econ. Bot. 53:106.
  11. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  12. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  13. Exell, A. W. et al., eds. 1960-. Flora zambesiaca.
  14. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Citrullus+lanatus&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  15. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14
  16. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  17. International Seed Testing Association. 1982. A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2.
  18. Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993-. Flora of Japan.
  19. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  20. McVaugh, R. 1983-. Flora Novo-Galiciana.
  21. Meeuse, A. D. J. 1962. The Cucurbitaceae of southern Africa. Bothalia 8:57.
  22. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants. Kulturpflanze 34:90.
  23. Paris, H. S. 2015. Origin and emergence of the sweet dessert watermelon, Citrullus lanatus. Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 116:133-148.
  24. Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson. 1992. Noxious weeds of Australia Inkata Press, Melbourne, Australia.
  25. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  26. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  27. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  28. Renner, S. S. et al. 2014. (2313) Proposal to conserve the name Momordica lanata (Citrullus lanatus) (watermelon, Cucurbitaceae), with a conserved type, against Citrullus battich. Taxon 63:941-942.
  29. Siemonsma, J. S. & Kasem Piluek, eds. 1993. Vegetables. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 8:144.
  30. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952-. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  31. Wilson, K. L. 2017. Report of the General Committee: 17. Taxon 66:478. Note: proposal recommended
  32. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  33. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource).

Check other web resources for Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai :

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?10675. Accessed 17 October 2019.