Taxon: Citrus bergamia Risso & Poit.

 
Genus: Citrus
Family: Rutaceae
Subfamily: Aurantioideae
Tribe: Aurantieae
Subtribe: Citrinae
Nomen number: 10698
Place of publication: Hist. nat. orangers 1:111, t. 53-56. 1819
Link to protologue:
Comment: [considered by some as the hybrid C. medica × (C. maxima × C. reticulata)]
Typification:
Name Verified on: 17-Dec-1999 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 13-Mar-2017
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Riverside (RIV)
Accessions: 3 in National Plant Germplasm System

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: adulterant (of lemon juice fide J Agric Food Chem 56:5407. 2008)
  • Food additives: flavoring (for Earl Gray tea & tobacco fide Pl Res SEAs 19:83. 1999)
  • Materials: essential oils (used extensively in perfumery fide Ency CNatIn)
  • Medicines: folklore ()

Distributional Range:

    Cultivated

    Europe
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Italy (s.)


References:

  1. Bayer, R. J. et al. 2009. A molecular phylogeny of the orange subfamily (Rutaceae: Aurantioideae) using nine cpDNA sequences Amer. J. Bot. 96:668-685.
  2. Carpenter, J. B. & P. C. Reece Catalog of genera, species, and subordinate taxa in the orange subfamily Aurantioideae (Rutaceae). (Cat Aurant)
  3. Cautela, D. et al. 2008. Estimating bergamot juice adulteration of lemon juice by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analysis of flavanone glycosides J. Agric. Food Chem. 56:5407-5414.
  4. Craker, L. E. & J. E. Simon, eds. Herbs, spices, and medicinal plants, 2 vols. (HerbSpices)
  5. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  6. Facciola, S. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants. 1990 (Cornucopia)
  7. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  8. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn)
  9. Li, X. et al. 2010. The origin of cultivated Citrus as inferred from Internal Transcribed Spacer and chloroplast DNA sequence and Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism fingerprints J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 135:341-350.
  10. Mabberley, D. J. 1997. A classification for edible Citrus (Rutaceae) (Telopea) 7:171.
  11. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  12. Oyen, L. P. A. & Nguyen Xuan Dung, eds. 1999. Essential-oil plants (Pl Res SEAs) 19:83-86.
  13. Pignatti, S. Flora d'Italia. (F Ital)
  14. Polat, I. et al. 2012. Molecular characterization of sour orange (Citrus aurantium) accessions and their relatives using SSR and SRAP markers Genet. Molec. Res. 11:3267-3276.
  15. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  16. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  17. Singh, R. & N. Nath 1969. Practical approach to the classification of Citrus. In: H. D. Chapman (ed.), Proceedings of the First International Citrus Symposium 1:439.
  18. Tanaka, T. 1954. Species problem in Citrus: a critical study of wild and cultivated units of Citrus, based upon field studies in their native homes (Rev Aurant) 9:112.
  19. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  20. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Citrus bergamia Risso & Poit. :


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?10698. Accessed 23 April 2018.