Taxon: Citrus maxima (Burm.) Merr.

 
Genus: Citrus
Family: Rutaceae
  Subfamily: Aurantioideae
      Tribe: Aurantieae
        Subtribe: Citrinae
Nomen number: 10744
Place of publication: Interpr. Herb. amboin. 296. 1917
Comment: Burman's basionym dates from 1755
Name Verified on: 27-Dec-1988 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 08-May-2014
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Riverside (RIV)
Accessions: 384 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: fruit (fide Pl Res SEAs 2:129. 1991)
  • Gene sources: graft stock relative for citrus (fide HortTechnology 12:145, 146. 2002)
  • Gene sources: progenitor of grapefruit (citrus) (fide Ann Bot 111:8. 2013)
  • Gene sources: progenitor of lemon (citrus) (fide Ann Bot 111:9. 2013)
  • Gene sources: progenitor of sweet orange (citrus) (fide Nature Genomics 45:65. 2013)
  • Materials: essential oils (fide Mansf Ency)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Asia-Tropical

    • Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia

  • Cultivated:

    . widely cult. in tropics & subtropics

References:

  • Webster's third new international dictionary. 1961 (Websters Dict)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. 1959- (F China)
  • Citrus Crop Germplasm Committee 1998. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Courboulex, M. & H. de Lorrain Les agrumes: oranges, citron, pamplemousses, kumquats. 1997 (Les Agrumes)
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. 1980- (F Ceylon)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Federici, C. T. et al. 1998. Phylogenetic relationships within the genus Citrus (Rutaceae) and related genera as revealed by RFLP and RAPD analysis Theor. Appl. Genet. 96:812-816.
  • Froelicher, Y. et al. 2011. New universal mitochondrial PCR markers reveal new information on maternal citrus phylogeny Tree Genet. Genomes 7:49-61.
  • Froelicher, Y. et al. 2011. New universal mitochondrial PCR markers reveal new information on maternal citrus phylogeny Tree Genet. Genomes 7:49-61.
  • Garcia-Lor, A. et al. 2013. A nuclear phylogenetic analysis: SNPs, indels and SSRs deliver new insights into the relationships in the 'true citrus fruit trees' group (Citrinae, Rutaceae) and the origin of cultivated species Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 111:1-19.
  • Garcia-Lor, A. et al. 2013. A nuclear phylogenetic analysis: SNPs, indels and SSRs deliver new insights into the relationships in the 'true citrus fruit trees' group (Citrinae, Rutaceae) and the origin of cultivated species Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 111:1-19.
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • Jung, Y.-H. et al. 2005. Investigation of the phylogenetic relationships within the genus Citrus (Rutaceae) and related species in Korea using plastid trnL-trnF sequences Sci. Hort. 104:179-188.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Mabberley, D. J. 1997. A classification for edible Citrus (Rutaceae) (Telopea) 7:170.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • Merrill, E. D. An enumeration of Philippine flowering plants. 1922-1926 (F Philipp)
  • Nicolosi, E. et al. 2000. Citrus phylogeny and genetic origin of important species as investigated by molecular markers Theor. Appl. Genet. 100:1155-1166.
  • Nicolosi, E. et al. 2000. Citrus phylogeny and genetic origin of important species as investigated by molecular markers Theor. Appl. Genet. 100:1155-1166.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Reichel, S. 1998. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Scora, R. W. & D. H. Nicolson 1986. The correct name for the shaddock, Citrus maxima, not C. grandis (Rutaceae) (Taxon) 35:592.
  • Smith, A. C. Flora vitiensis nova. 1979-1991 (F Viti)
  • Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark Flora of Guatemala. 1946-1976 (F Guat)
  • Stover, E. & W. Castle 2002. Citrus rootstock usage, characteristics ,and selection in the Florida Indian River region HortTechnol. 12:143-147.
  • Swingle, W. T. & P. C. Reece The botany of Citrus and its wild relatives. 1967 (Bot Citrus)
  • Tanaka, T. 1954. Species problem in Citrus: a critical study of wild and cultivated units of Citrus, based upon field studies in their native homes (Rev Aurant) 9:117.
  • Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest Flora of Iraq. 1966- (F Iraq)
  • Verheij, E. W. M. & R. E. Coronel, eds. 1991. Edible fruits and nuts (Pl Res SEAs) 2:128.
  • Walker, E. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands. 1976 (F Okin)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)
  • Wu, G. A. et al. 2014. Sequencing of diverse mandarin, pummelo and orange genomes reveals complex history of admixture during citrus domestication Nat. Biotechnol. 32:656-662.
  • Wu, G. A. et al. 2014. Sequencing of diverse mandarin, pummelo and orange genomes reveals complex history of admixture during citrus domestication Nat. Biotechnol. 32:656-662.
  • Xu, Q. et al. 2013. The draft genome of sweet orange (Citrus sinensis) Nat. Genet. 45:59-68.
  • Xu, Q. et al. 2013. The draft genome of sweet orange (Citrus sinensis) Nat. Genet. 45:59-68.
  • Yaacob, O. & S. Subhadrabandhu The production of economic fruits in South-East Asia. 1995 (PrEcFr)

Check other web resources for Citrus maxima (Burm.) Merr. :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image