Taxon: Citrus myrtifolia Raf.

Genus: Citrus
Family: Rutaceae
Subfamily: Aurantioideae
Tribe: Aurantieae
Subtribe: Citrinae
Nomen number: 10756
Place of publication: Sylva tellur. 141. 1838
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 12-Jan-1989 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 05-Jan-2018
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Riverside (RIV)
Accessions: 4 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • myrtle-leaf orange  (Source: Bot Citrus) - English
  • chinois  (Source: Mansf Ency) - French
  • myrtenblättrige Bitterorange  (Source: pers. comm.) - German
  • chinotto  (Source: Mansf Ency) - Italian
  • naranja mirtifolia  (Source: Mansf Ency) - Spanish

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring (fide J Agric Food Chem 56:5407. 2008)
  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Mansf Ency)
  • Human food: fruit (fide Mansf Ency)
  • Gene sources: potential as graft stock relative for citrus (fide Acta Hort 892:301. 2011)

Distributional Range:


  • Europe

    • Southeastern Europe: Italy


  • Carpenter, J. B. & P. C. Reece Catalog of genera, species, and subordinate taxa in the orange subfamily Aurantioideae (Rutaceae). 1969 (Cat Aurant)
  • Cautela, D. et al. 2008. Estimating bergamot juice adulteration of lemon juice by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analysis of flavanone glycosides J. Agric. Food Chem. 56:5407-5414.
  • Del Bosco, S. F. 2001. The use for ornamental purposes of an ancient Citrus genotype Acta Hort. 598:65-67.
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • Penjor, T. et al. 2013. Phylogenetic relationships of Citrus and its relatives based on matK gene sequences (PloS One) 8(4): e62574.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Recupero, S. et al. 2011. In vitro propagation of hybrid candidate rootstocks for ornamental citrus Acta Hort. 892:301-304.
  • Reichel, S. 1998. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Swingle, W. T. & P. C. Reece The botany of Citrus and its wild relatives. 1967 (Bot Citrus)
  • Tanaka, T. 1954. Species problem in Citrus: a critical study of wild and cultivated units of Citrus, based upon field studies in their native homes (Rev Aurant) 9:124.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)


Check other web resources for Citrus myrtifolia Raf. :