Taxon: Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck

 
Genus: Citrus
Family: Rutaceae
  Subfamily: Aurantioideae
      Tribe: Aurantieae
        Subtribe: Citrinae
Nomen number: 10782
Place of publication: Reise Ostindien 250. 1765
Comment: [or C. aurantium Sweet Orange Group]
Name Verified on: 01-Nov-1985 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 01-May-2014
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Riverside (RIV)
Accessions: 741 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring (fide Ency CNatIn)
  • Bee plants: honey production (fide F Int Apico)
  • Human food: beverage base (fide CultTropS)
  • Human food: fruit (fide CultTropS)
  • Human food: oil/fat (fide CultTropS)
  • Gene sources: graft stock relative for citrus (based on crosses with Poncirus trifoliata fide Wild Crop Rel Tr Fr 3:48. 2011)
  • Gene sources: progenitor of grapefruit (citrus) (fide Syst Bot 7:174. 1982)
  • Gene sources: progenitor of mandarin cultivars (citrus) (fide Tree Genet Genomes 7:58. 2011)
  • Gene sources: progenitor of tangor (citrus) (in crosses with Citrus reticulata, but also C. maxima fide Ann Bot 111:9, 12. 2013)
  • Materials: essential oils (fide Mansf Ency)
  • Materials: lipids (fide Mansf Ency)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kingsbury)

Distributional Range:

    Other:

    . probable origin s.e. Asia

    Cultivated:

    . widely cult. in tropics & subtropics

References:

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  • Blumenthal, M., ed. The complete German Commission E monographs: therapeutic guide to herbal medicines. 1998 (German CommE Monog)
  • Cano, A. & A. Bermejo 2011. Influence of rootstock and cultivar on bioactive compounds in citrus peel J. Sci. Food Agric. 91:1702-1711.
  • Cano, A. & A. Bermejo 2011. Influence of rootstock and cultivar on bioactive compounds in citrus peel J. Sci. Food Agric. 91:1702-1711.
  • Chen, C. et al. 2008. EST-SSR genetic maps for Citrus sinensis and Poncirus trifoliata Tree Genet. Genomes 4:1-10.
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. 1959- (F China)
  • Citrus Crop Germplasm Committee 1995. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Courboulex, M. & H. de Lorrain Les agrumes: oranges, citron, pamplemousses, kumquats. 1997 (Les Agrumes)
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  • Federici, C. T. et al. 1998. Phylogenetic relationships within the genus Citrus (Rutaceae) and related genera as revealed by RFLP and RAPD analysis Theor. Appl. Genet. 96:812-822.
  • Federici, C. T. et al. 1998. Phylogenetic relationships within the genus Citrus (Rutaceae) and related genera as revealed by RFLP and RAPD analysis Theor. Appl. Genet. 96:812-822.
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  • Froelicher, Y. et al. 2011. New universal mitochondrial PCR markers reveal new information on maternal citrus phylogeny Tree Genet. Genomes 7:49-61.
  • Garcia-Lor, A. et al. 2013. A nuclear phylogenetic analysis: SNPs, indels and SSRs deliver new insights into the relationships in the 'true citrus fruit trees' group (Citrinae, Rutaceae) and the origin of cultivated species Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 111:1-19.
  • Garcia-Lor, A. et al. 2013. A nuclear phylogenetic analysis: SNPs, indels and SSRs deliver new insights into the relationships in the 'true citrus fruit trees' group (Citrinae, Rutaceae) and the origin of cultivated species Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 111:1-19.
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  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
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  • Xu, Q. et al. 2013. The draft genome of sweet orange (Citrus sinensis) Nat. Genet. 45:59-66.
  • Yaacob, O. & S. Subhadrabandhu The production of economic fruits in South-East Asia. 1995 (PrEcFr)

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image