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Taxon: Citrus ×sinensis (L.) Osbeck

 
Genus: Citrus
Family: Rutaceae
Subfamily: Aurantioideae
Tribe: Aurantieae
Subtribe: Citrinae
Nomen number: 10782
Place of publication: Reise Ostindien 250. 1765
Link to protologue:
Comment: [or C. aurantium Sweet Orange Group]
Name Verified on: 01-Nov-1985 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 743 (316 active, 1 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Bee plants: honey production
  • Food additives:
  • Human food: fruit; oil/fat
  • Materials: lipids
  • Medicines: folklore
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals

Distributional Range:

    Cultivated (widely cult. in tropics & subtropics)

    Other (probable origin s.e. Asia)

References:

  1. Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. 1976-. Flora of Libya.
  2. Cano, A. & A. Bermejo. 2011. Influence of rootstock and cultivar on bioactive compounds in citrus peel. J. Sci. Food Agric. 91:1702-1711.
  3. Chen, C. et al. 2008. EST-SSR genetic maps for Citrus sinensis and Poncirus trifoliata. Tree Genet. Genomes 4:1-10.
  4. Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959-. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  5. Citrus Crop Germplasm Committee. 1995. pers. comm. Note: re. common names
  6. Courboulex, M. & H. de Lorrain. 1997. Les agrumes: oranges, citron, pamplemousses, kumquats. Note: re. French common names
  7. Craker, L. E. & J. E. Simon, eds. 1986-1987. Herbs, spices, and medicinal plants, 2 vols.
  8. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  9. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  10. Elevitch, C. R., ed. The traditional tree initiative: species profiles for Pacific Island agroforestry (on-line resource). URL: http://www.agroforestry.net/tti/Citrus-citrus.pdf target='_blank' Note: Permanent Agriculture Resources (PAR), Holualoa, Hawai'i\; http://www.traditionaltree.org/
  11. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage Note: lists as Citrus sinensis (L.) Pers.
  12. Encke, F. et al. 1993. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage
  13. Facciola, S. 1990. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants Kampong Publications.
  14. Federici, C. T. et al. 1998. Phylogenetic relationships within the genus Citrus (Rutaceae) and related genera as revealed by RFLP and RAPD analysis. Theor. Appl. Genet. 96:812-822. Note: this study included three samples of Citrus sinensis that grouped within the mandarin cluster
  15. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Citrus+sinensis&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  16. Froelicher, Y. et al. 2011. New universal mitochondrial PCR markers reveal new information on maternal citrus phylogeny. Tree Genet. Genomes 7:49-61.
  17. Garcia-Lor, A. et al. 2013. A nuclear phylogenetic analysis: SNPs, indels and SSRs deliver new insights into the relationships in the 'true citrus fruit trees' group (Citrinae, Rutaceae) and the origin of cultivated species. Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 111:1-19. Note: this study found that the genomic composition of Citrus sinensis did not support a F1 or BC1 origin involving C. maxima and C. reticulata
  18. Grosser, J. W. et al. 2000. Somatic hybridization in Citrus: an effective tool to facilitate variety improvement. In Vitro Cell. Developmental Biol., Plant 36:434-449. Note: this review cites complex hybrids involving Citrus sinensis for both scion and graft stock improvement
  19. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  20. Hackett, C. & J. Carolane. 1982. Edible Horticultural Crops Academic Press.
  21. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6
  22. Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada.
  23. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster. 1996. Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2
  24. Li, X. et al. 2010. The origin of cultivated Citrus as inferred from Internal Transcribed Spacer and chloroplast DNA sequence and Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism fingerprints. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 135:341-350.
  25. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  26. Long, R. W. & O. Lakela. 1971. A flora of tropical Florida.
  27. Mabberley, D. J. 1997. A classification for edible Citrus (Rutaceae). Telopea 7:171. Note: = Citrus aurantium Sweet Orange Group
  28. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  29. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  30. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants. Kulturpflanze 34:91.
  31. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  32. Ortega-Sada, J. L. 1987. Flora de interes apicola y polinizacion de cultivos.
  33. Pajaujis Anonis, D. 1993. Flower oils and floral compounds in perfumery. Note: lists as Citrus sinensis L.
  34. Penjor, T. et al. 2013. Phylogenetic relationships of Citrus and its relatives based on matK gene sequences. PLoS One 8(4): e62574. Note: this study included two cultivars of Citrus sinensis that grouped within the pummelo cluster
  35. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  36. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  37. Rao, N. M. et al. 2011. Chapter 3. Citrus. Wild crop relatives: genomic and breeding resources, tropical and subtropical fruits 43-59.
  38. Rehm, S. & G. Espig. 1991. The cultivated plants of the tropics and subtropics
  39. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  40. Reichel, S. 1998. pers. comm. Note: re. German common names
  41. Scora, R. W. et al. 1982. Contribution to the origin of the grapefruit, Citrus paradisi (Rutaceae). Syst. Bot. 7:170-177. Note: this study confirmed by electrophoresis the maternal role of Citrus sinensis in the origins of the grapefruit
  42. Staten, S. 2006. pers. comm. Note: re. common names
  43. Swingle, W. T. & P. C. Reece. 1967. The botany of Citrus and its wild relatives.
  44. Tanaka, T. 1954. Species problem in Citrus: a critical study of wild and cultivated units of Citrus, based upon field studies in their native homes. Revisio Aurantiacearum. 9:124. Note: Maruzen Co. Ltd, Tokyo.
  45. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest. 1966-. Flora of Iraq.
  46. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952-. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  47. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  48. Verheij, E. W. M. & R. E. Coronel, eds. 1991. Edible fruits and nuts. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 2:138.
  49. Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. 1943-1980. Flora of Panama.
  50. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition). Note: = C. ×aurantium L.
  51. Wu, G. A. et al. 2014. Sequencing of diverse mandarin, pummelo and orange genomes reveals complex history of admixture during citrus domestication. Nat. Biotechnol. 32:656-662.
  52. Xu, Q. et al. 2013. The draft genome of sweet orange (Citrus sinensis). Nat. Genet. 45:59-66. Note: this study sequenced the genome of a "double haploid line derived from the anther culture" of Citrus sinensis cv. Valencia
  53. Yaacob, O. & S. Subhadrabandhu. 1995. The production of economic fruits in South-East Asia

Check other web resources for Citrus ×sinensis (L.) Osbeck :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?10782. Accessed 21 November 2019.