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Taxon: Clitoria ternatea L.

 
Genus: Clitoria
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
Subfamily: Faboideae
Tribe: Phaseoleae
Subtribe: Clitoriinae
Nomen number: 10942
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:753. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 08-Oct-1988 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 59 (28 active, 28 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: potential as fodder
  • Environmental: ornamental
  • Medicines: folklore

Distributional Range:

    Cultivated (widely cult.)

    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Cape Verde
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Chad, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Burundi, Cameroon, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Gabon, Sao Tome and Principe
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Benin, Cote D'Ivoire, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Madagascar

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Saudi Arabia, Yemen
    • WESTERN ASIA: Iran, Iraq
    • CHINA: China [Zhejiang Sheng, Fujian Sheng, Guangdong Sheng, Yunnan Sheng, Guangxi Zhuangzu Zizhiqu, Hainan Sheng]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka
    • PAPUASIA: Indonesia, [Papua Barat] Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands
    • INDO-CHINA: Cambodia, India, [Andaman and Nicobar Islands] Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Christmas Island, Indonesia, [Jawa, Sumatera] Indonesia, [Jawa, Sumatera] Malaysia, [Sabah] Malaysia, [Sabah] Philippines, Singapore

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia

    Northern America
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Missouri]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Florida, Georgia, Kentucky]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [California]
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Sinaloa]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Colima, Jalisco, Oaxaca, Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave, Yucatán]

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]
    • NORTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Palau, United States [Guam, Northern Mariana Islands]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: French Polynesia [Society Islands]
    • SOUTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Fiji, New Caledonia, Samoa

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Guadeloupe, Haiti, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Vincent and Grenadines, United States, [Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, U.S.] Virgin Islands (British)
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: French Guiana, Suriname, Venezuela
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, [Galápagos] Ecuador, [Galápagos] Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Paraguay, Uruguay


    Other (exact native range obscure)

References:

  1. Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong. Flora of the West Indies (on-line resource).
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Aubréville, A. et al., eds. 1960-. Flore du Cambodge du Laos et du Viet-Nam.
  4. Brunel, J. F. et al., eds. 1984. Flore analytique du Togo. Phanerogames
  5. Burkart, A. E. 1952. Las leguminosas Argentinas - silvestres y cultivadas, ed. 2.
  6. CalFlora Database Project. CalFlora: a botanical resource for California on the internet (on-line resource).
  7. Du Puy, D. J. et al. 2002. The Leguminosae of Madagascar
  8. Duke, J. A. 1981. Handbook of legumes of world economic importance
  9. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  10. Fantz, P. R. 1989. pers. comm.
  11. Fantz, P. R. 1993. Revising the classification of cultivated Centrosema and Clitoria in the United States. HortScience 28:676.
  12. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Clitoria+ternatea&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  13. Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource).
  14. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  15. Hacker, J. B. 1990. A guide to herbaceous and shrub legumes of Queensland University of Queensland Press, St. Lucia, Australia.
  16. Howard, R. 1974-1989. Flora of the lesser Antilles.
  17. Huang, S. F. & T. C. Huang. 1987. Taxonomic treatment of the Papilionoideae (Leguminosae) of Taiwan. Taiwania 32:11-117.
  18. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  19. Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry. Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource).
  20. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  21. International Legume Database & Information Service. International Legume Database and Information Service (on-line resource).
  22. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper. 1953-1972. Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2.
  23. Kumar, S & P. V. Sane. 2003. Legumes of South Asia: a checklist.
  24. Kunkel, G. 1984. Plants for human consumption Note: = Clitoria ternata
  25. Lewis, G. P. 1987. Legumes of Bahia
  26. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  27. Liogier, H. A. & L. F. Martorell. 1982. Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis.
  28. Lock, J. M. & C. S. Ford. 2004. Legumes of Malesia: a checklist
  29. Lock, J. M. & J. Heald. 1994. Legumes of Indochina: a checklist
  30. Lock, J. M. & K. Simpson. 1991. Legumes of West Asia: a checklist
  31. Lock, J. M. 1989. Legumes of Africa: a checklist
  32. Mabberley, D. J. 1997. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2
  33. Macbride, J. F. et al., eds. 1936-. Flora of Peru Note: 1936-1971; new ser. 1980-
  34. Matthew, K. M. 1983. The flora of the Tamilnadu Carnatic.
  35. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  36. McVaugh, R. 1983-. Flora Novo-Galiciana.
  37. Missouri Botanical Garden. Flora of Mesoamerica Checklist (on-line resource).
  38. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  39. Pulle, A. A. et al., eds. 1932-. Flora of Suriname.
  40. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  41. 't Mannetje, L. & R. M. Jones, eds. 1992. Forages. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 4:94.
  42. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952-. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  43. Verdcourt, B. 1979. A manual of New Guinea legumes.
  44. Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. 1943-1980. Flora of Panama.
  45. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  46. Wunderlin, R. & B. Hansen. Atlas of Florida vascular plants (on-line resource).

Check other web resources for Clitoria ternatea L. :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • On-line Flora of Zimbabwe:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?10942. Accessed 15 December 2019.