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Taxon: Clitoria ternatea L.

 
Genus: Clitoria
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
Subfamily: Faboideae
Tribe: Phaseoleae
Subtribe: Clitoriinae
Nomen number: 10942
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:753. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 08-Oct-1988 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 23-Aug-1994
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 59 (28 active, 72 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: potential as fodder
  • Environmental:
  • Medicines: folklore

Distributional Range:

    Cultivated (widely cult.)

    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Cape Verde
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Chad, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Burundi, Cameroon, Gabon, Sao Tome and Principe, Zaire
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Benin, Cote D'Ivoire, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Madagascar

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Saudi Arabia, Yemen
    • WESTERN ASIA: Iran, Iraq
    • CHINA: China [Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Yunnan, Zhejiang]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka
    • PAPUASIA: Indonesia, [Irian Jaya] Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands
    • INDO-CHINA: Cambodia, India, [Andaman and Nicobar] Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Christmas Island, Indonesia, [Java, Sumatra] Indonesia, [Java, Sumatra] Malaysia, [Sabah] Malaysia, [Sabah] Philippines, Singapore

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia

    Northern America
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Missouri]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Florida, Georgia, Kentucky]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [California]
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Sinaloa]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Colima, Jalisco, Oaxaca, Veracruz, Yucatan]

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]
    • NORTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, Palau
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: French Polynesia [Society Islands]
    • SOUTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Fiji, New Caledonia, Samoa

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Guadeloupe, Haiti, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, Puerto Rico, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Vincent and Grenadines, Virgin Islands (British), Virgin Islands (U.S.)
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: French Guiana, Suriname, Venezuela
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, [Galapagos Islands] Ecuador, [Galapagos Islands] Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Paraguay, Uruguay


    Other (exact native range obscure)

References:

  1. Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong Flora of the West Indies (on-line resource). (F WIndies Online)
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  3. Aubréville, A. et al., eds. Flore du Cambodge du Laos et du Viet-Nam. (F CambLVN)
  4. Brunel, J. F. et al., eds. Flore analytique du Togo. Phanerogames. 1984 (F Togo)
  5. Burkart, A. E. Las leguminosas Argentinas - silvestres y cultivadas, ed. 2. (Leg Argent)
  6. CalFlora Database Project CalFlora: a botanical resource for California on the internet (on-line resource). (CalFlora)
  7. Du Puy, D. J. et al. The Leguminosae of Madagascar (Leg Madag)
  8. Duke, J. A. Handbook of legumes of world economic importance. 1981 (Leg WorldEc)
  9. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  10. Fantz, P. R. 1993. Revising the classification of cultivated Centrosema and Clitoria in the United States (HortScience) 28:676.
  11. Fantz, P. R. 1989. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  12. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  13. Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource). (L Brasil Online)
  14. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  15. Hacker, J. B. A guide to herbaceous and shrub legumes of Queensland. 1990 (Leg Queensl)
  16. Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. (F LAnt)
  17. Huang, S. F. & T. C. Huang Taxonomic treatment of the Papilionoideae (Leguminosae) of Taiwan. Taiwania 32:11-117. 1987 (Leg Taiwan)
  18. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  19. Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource). (Pacif I Ecosyst Risk)
  20. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  21. International Legume Database & Information Service International Legume Database and Information Service (on-line resource). (ILDIS)
  22. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. (F WT Afr)
  23. Kumar, S & P. V. Sane Legumes of South Asia: a checklist. (Leg SAsia)
  24. Kunkel, G. Plants for human consumption. 1984 (L Edible Pl)
  25. Lewis, G. P. Legumes of Bahia. 1987 (Leg Bahia)
  26. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  27. Liogier, H. A. & L. F. Martorell Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis. (F PR)
  28. Lock, J. M. Legumes of Africa: a checklist. 1989 (Leg Africa)
  29. Lock, J. M. & C. S. Ford Legumes of Malesia: a checklist. 2004 (Leg Malesia)
  30. Lock, J. M. & J. Heald Legumes of Indochina: a checklist. 1994 (Leg Indochina)
  31. Lock, J. M. & K. Simpson Legumes of West Asia: a checklist. 1991 (Leg WAsia)
  32. Mabberley, D. J. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2. 1997 (Pl Book)
  33. Macbride, J. F. et al., eds. Flora of Peru. 1936-1971; new ser. 1980- (F Peru)
  34. Matthew, K. M. The flora of the Tamilnadu Carnatic. (F TamilC)
  35. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  36. McVaugh, R. Flora Novo-Galiciana. (F NGalicia)
  37. Missouri Botanical Garden Flora of Mesoamerica Checklist (on-line resource). (L Mesoamer)
  38. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  39. Pulle, A. A. et al., eds. Flora of Suriname. (F Suriname)
  40. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  41. 't Mannetje, L. & R. M. Jones, eds. 1992. Forages (Pl Res SEAs) 4:94.
  42. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. (F TE Afr)
  43. Verdcourt, B. A manual of New Guinea legumes. (Leg New Guinea)
  44. Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. Flora of Panama. (F Panama)
  45. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)
  46. Wunderlin, R. & B. Hansen Atlas of Florida vascular plants (on-line resource). (Atlas Florida)

Check other web resources for Clitoria ternatea L. :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • On-line Flora of Zimbabwe:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?10942. Accessed 18 November 2018.