Jump to: Common NamesEconomic ImportanceDistributional RangeReferencesOther Web References

Taxon: Cocos nucifera L.

 
Genus: Cocos
Family: Arecaceae (alt.Palmae)
Subfamily: Arecoideae
Tribe: Cocoseae
Subtribe: Attaleinae
Nomen number: 11043
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:1188. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 21-Jan-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 66 (18 active, 16 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: fodder (from refuse of coconut oil extraction)
  • Environmental: ornamental
  • Food additives:
  • Human food: nut; oil/fat
  • Materials: essential oils; fiber; wood
  • Medicines: folklore; folklore

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Tropical
    • PAPUASIA: Indonesia, [Papua Barat] Papua New Guinea
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, [Maluku] Philippines

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia [Queensland]

    Pacific
    • SOUTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Vanuatu


    Cultivated (widely cult.)

    Naturalized

    Africa
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Madagascar

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, Sri Lanka
    • INDO-CHINA: Thailand
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Malaysia

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]
    • NORTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Marshall Islands, Palau, United States [Guam, Northern Mariana Islands]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: French Polynesia

    Southern America
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Belize


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  3. Elevitch, C. R., ed. The traditional tree initiative: species profiles for Pacific Island agroforestry (on-line resource). URL: http://www.agroforestry.net/tti/Cocos-coconut.pdf target='_blank' Note: Permanent Agriculture Resources (PAR), Holualoa, Hawai'i\; http://www.traditionaltree.org/
  4. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  5. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  6. Facciola, S. 1990. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants Kampong Publications.
  7. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  8. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Cocos+nucifera&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  9. Glassman, S. F. 1972. A revision of B. E. Dahlgren's Index of American palms. Phanerog. Monogr. 6:1-294.
  10. Glassman, S. F. 1987. Revisions of the palm genus Syagrus Mart. and other selected genera in the Cocos alliance. Illinois Biol. Monogr. 56:118.
  11. Govaerts, R. & J. Dransfield. 2005. World checklist of palms.
  12. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  13. Hackett, C. & J. Carolane. 1982. Edible Horticultural Crops Academic Press.
  14. Kunkel, G. 1984. Plants for human consumption
  15. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  16. Little, E. L., Jr. 1979. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541
  17. Mabberley, D. J. 1997. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2
  18. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  19. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  20. Moore, H. E., Jr. 1963. An annotated checklist of cultivated palms. Principes 7:139.
  21. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  22. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  23. Rehm, S. & G. Espig. 1991. The cultivated plants of the tropics and subtropics
  24. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  25. Rosengarten, F. 1984. The book of edible nuts
  26. Smith, A. C. 1979-1991. Flora vitiensis nova.
  27. Smith, R. J. Botanical beads of the world (on-line resource). URL: http://www.botanicalbeads.com/BBB_page_100.html target='_blank'
  28. Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986-2000. European garden flora.
  29. Watson, J. F. 1868. Index to the native and scientific names of Indian and other eastern economic plants and products
  30. Westphal, E. & P. C. M. Jansen, eds. 1989. A selection. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) A:90.
  31. 1961. Webster's third new international dictionary.
  32. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource).

Check other web resources for Cocos nucifera L. :

  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?11043. Accessed 22 September 2019.