Taxon: Cocos nucifera L.

 
Genus: Cocos
Family: Arecaceae (alt.Palmae)
  Subfamily: Arecoideae
      Tribe: Cocoseae
        Subtribe: Attaleinae
Nomen number: 11043
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:1188. 1753
Name Verified on: 21-Jan-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 21-Jan-2010
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA)
Accessions: 67 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: emulsifier (fide PROTA4U)
  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Zander ed14; Eur Gard F)
  • Human food: beverage base (fide CultTropS)
  • Human food: nut (fide CultTropS)
  • Human food: oil/fat (fide CultTropS)
  • Animal food: fodder (from refuse of coconut oil extraction fide Pl Book)
  • Materials: beads (fide Bot Beads World; as http://www.botanicalbeads.com/BBB_page_100.html,)
  • Materials: essential oils (fide Pl Book)
  • Materials: fiber (fide Pl Book)
  • Materials: wood (fide Pl Book)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Asia-Tropical

    • Malesia: Indonesia - Moluccas, - Irian Jaya; Papua New Guinea; Philippines
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia - Queensland
  • Pacific

    • Southwestern Pacific: Vanuatu

  • Naturalized:

  • Africa

    • Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: Thailand
    • Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia
  • Pacific

    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
    • Northwestern Pacific: Guam; Marshall Islands; Northern Mariana Islands; Palau
    • South-Central Pacific: French Polynesia
  • Southern America

    • Mesoamerica: Belize

  • Cultivated:

    . widely cult.

References:

  • Webster's third new international dictionary. 1961 (Websters Dict)
  • PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Elevitch, C. R., ed. The traditional tree initiative: species profiles for Pacific Island agroforestry (on-line resource). (Trad Tree Init)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Facciola, S. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants. 1990 (Cornucopia)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Glassman, S. F. 1972. A revision of B. E. Dahlgren's Index of American palms Phanerog. Monogr. 6:1-294.
  • Glassman, S. F. 1987. Revisions of the palm genus Syagrus Mart. and other selected genera in the Cocos alliance Illinois Biol. Monogr. 56:118.
  • Govaerts, R. & J. Dransfield World checklist of palms. 2005 (L Palms)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Hackett, C. & J. Carolane Edible Horticultural Crops. 1982 (Edible HC)
  • Kunkel, G. Plants for human consumption. 1984 (L Edible Pl)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Little, E. L., Jr. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541. 1979 (Trees US)
  • Mabberley, D. J. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2. 1997 (Pl Book)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Moerman, D. Native American ethnobotany, ed. 5. 1998 (Nat Amer Ethnobot)
  • Moore, H. E., Jr. 1963. An annotated checklist of cultivated palms (Principes) 7:139.
  • Núñez Meléndez, E. Plantas medicinales de Puerto Rico: Folklore y fundamentos científicos. 1982 (Pl Med PR)
  • Parrotta, J. A. Healing plants of peninsular India. 2001 (Healing Pl India)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Rehm, S. & G. Espig The cultivated plants of the tropics and subtropics. 1991 (CultTropS)
  • Rosengarten, F. The book of edible nuts. 1984 (Edible Nuts)
  • Smith, A. C. Flora vitiensis nova. 1979-1991 (F Viti)
  • Smith, R. J. Botanical beads of the world (on-line resource). (Bot Beads World)
  • Van Wyk, B.-E. & M. Wink Medicinal plants of the world. 2004 (Med Pl World)
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. European garden flora. 1986- (Eur Gard F)
  • Watson, J. F. Index to the native and scientific names of Indian and other eastern economic plants and products. 1868 (Names Watson)
  • Westphal, E. & P. C. M. Jansen, eds. 1989. A selection (Pl Res SEAs) A:90.
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)

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