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Taxon: Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott

 
Genus: Colocasia
Family: Araceae
Subfamily: Aroideae
Tribe: Colocasieae
Nomen number: 11177
Place of publication: H. Schott & S. L. Endlicher, Melet. bot. 18. 1832
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 01-Nov-1985 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 207 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: potential as fodder
  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Zander ed13) ornamental; ornamental
  • Human food: starch; vegetable; vegetable
  • Medicines:
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals; mammals
  • Weed:

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China [Yunnan Sheng (as C. antiquorum)]

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia [Queensland]


    Cultivated



    Africa
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Cape Verde, Portugal, [Azores, Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Libya, Morocco

    Australasia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • Europe (s.)

    Northern America
    • United States (s.e.)

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: West Indies


    Other (probable origin "Indo-Malayan, between Myanmar and Bangladesh")

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques & South African National Biodiversity Institute. African flowering plants database (on-line resource).
  3. Cufodontis, G. 1953-1972. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta.
  4. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. 1987. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. 6:54-55.
  5. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  6. Flach, M. & F. Rumawas, eds. 1996. Plants yielding non-seed carbohydrates. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 9:69-72.
  7. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  8. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Colocasia+esculenta&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  9. Govaerts, R. & D. G. Frodin. 2002. World checklist and bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae).
  10. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  11. Helmkampf, M. et al. 2017. Phylogenetic relationships, breeding implications, and cultivation history of Hawaiian taro (Colocasia esculenta) through genome-wide SNP genotyping. J. Heredity 1-11. DOI: 10.1093/jhered/esx070
  12. Hill, A. F. 1939. The correct names of certain economic plants. Bot. Mus. Leafl. 7:113-118.
  13. Howard, R. A. 1979. Monocotyledoneae. Flora of the lesser Antilles. 3:382, 384-385. Note: published on 31 July 1979, citation of lectotype attributed here, page 382
  14. Hunt, H. V. et al. 2013. Genetic data confirms field evidence for natural breeding in a wild taro population (Colocasia esculenta) in northern Queensland, Australia. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 60:1695-1707.
  15. Ivancic, A. & V. Lebot. 1999. Botany and genetics of New Caledonian wild taro Colocasia esculenta. Pacific Sci. 53:273-285.
  16. Jansen van Rensberg, W. S. et al. 2013. Molecular characterization of South African taro (Colocasia esculenta) germplasm using SSR markers. Acta Hort. 979:459-466.
  17. Jarvis, C. et al. Linnaean plant name typification project (on-line resource). Note: cites R. A. Howard as author of lectotypification in Flora of Lesser Antilles 3:382. 1979
  18. Joubert, F. J. 1997. Taro (Colocasia esculenta), an under exploited tuber crop in South Africa. J. S. African Soc. Hort. Sci. 7(2):39-43.
  19. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper. 1953-1972. Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2.
  20. Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. Note: poisonous
  21. Kreike, C. M. et al. 2004. Genetic diversity of taro, Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott, in Southeast Asia and the Pacific. Theor. Appl. Genet. 109:761-768.
  22. Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann. 1985. AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants Note: poisonous
  23. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia
  24. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  25. Liogier, H. A. & L. F. Martorell. 1982. Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis.
  26. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  27. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  28. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants. Kulturpflanze 34:92.
  29. Nicolson, D. H. 1979. Flora vitiensis nova. 1:456-457. Note: published on April 1979; it cited "apparently typified by the illustration ...of Sloane, Voy. Jamaica 1: 167, t. 106, f.1. 1707"
  30. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  31. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  32. Quero-Garcia, J. et al. 2010. Chapter 5. Taro and cocoyam. Handbook of Plant Breeding. Root and Tuber Crops. 7 149-172.
  33. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  34. The Missouri Botanical Garden with others. A Catalogue of the vascular plants of Madagascar (on-line resource).
  35. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  36. Walker, E. 1976. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands.
  37. Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986-2000. European garden flora.
  38. Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds
  39. Westphal, E. & P. C. M. Jansen, eds. 1989. A selection. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) A:102.
  40. Xu, J. C. et al. 2001. Genetic diversity in taro (Colocasia esculenta Schott, Araceae) in China: An ethnobotanical and genetic approach. Econ. Bot. 55:14-31.
  41. 1961. Webster's third new international dictionary.
  42. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource).

Check other web resources for Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Colocasia esculenta cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?11177. Accessed 13 November 2019.