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Taxon: Colophospermum mopane (Kirk ex Benth.) Kirk ex J. Léonard

Genus: Colophospermum
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
Subfamily: Detarioideae
Nomen number: 11181
Place of publication: Bull. Jard. Bot. État Bruxelles 19:390. 1949
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 17-Nov-1999 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 8 (3 active, 3 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use), synonyms and invalid designations:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym, I invalid designation)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: forage
  • Fuels:
  • Invertebrate food:
  • Materials:
  • Medicines: folklore (fide SAfr J Bot 64(5):281. 1998, as Hardwickia mopane)

Distributional Range:


    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola (s.), Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, Namibia, South Africa [Limpopo]


  1. Boutelje, J. B. 1980. Encyclopedia of world timbers, names and technical literature
  2. Breteler, F. J. et al. 1997. Colophospermum reduced to Hardwickia (Leguminosae-Caesalpinioideae). Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat., B, Adansonia 19:279-291. Note: = Hardwickia mopane (Kirk ex Benth.) Breteler et al.
  3. Carrisso, L. W. et al., eds. 1937-. Conspectus florae angolensis.
  4. Dyer, R. A. et al., eds. 1963-. Flora of southern Africa.
  5. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Colophospermum+mopane&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  6. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14
  7. Léonard, J. 1999. Colophospermum n'est pas synonyme d'Hardwickia (Caesalpiniaceae). Conclusion d'une méthode objective de travail. Bull. Jard. Bot. Natl. Belg. 67:21-43.
  8. Merxmüller, H., ed. 1966-1972. Prodromus einer flora von Sudwestafrika.
  9. National Academy of Sciences. 1980. Firewood crops. Shrub and tree species for energy production
  10. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  11. Potgieter, M. J. & D. C. J. Wessels. 1998. The anatomy and morphology of petioles and leaflets of Hardwickia mopane (Leguminosae: Caesalpiniodeae). S. African J. Bot. 64(5):281-289.
  12. Smith, P. P. et al. 1998. (1372) Proposal to conserve the name Colophospermum against Hardwickia (Leguminosae, Caesalpinioideae). Taxon 47:751-752.
  13. Timberlake, J. R. 1999. Colophospermum mopane: an overview of current knowledge. African plants: biodiversity, taxonomy and uses 565-571.

Check other web resources for Colophospermum mopane (Kirk ex Benth.) Kirk ex J. Léonard :

  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • On-line Flora of Zimbabwe:
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2020. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?11181. Accessed 11 July 2020.