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Taxon: Convallaria majalis L.

 
Genus: Convallaria
Family: Asparagaceae
Subfamily: Nolinoideae
Nomen number: 11280
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:314. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 21-Nov-2007 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 4 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental; ornamental
  • Materials:
  • Medicines: source of convallatoxin; source of convallatoxin
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals; mammals; mammals

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation [Krasnoyarsk (s.), Chita, Irkutsk]
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia (e.)
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation [Khabarovsk, Primorye, Amur, Sakhalin]
    • CHINA: China [Zhejiang Sheng, Heilongjiang Sheng, Henan Sheng, Hebei Sheng, Hunan Sheng, Gansu Sheng, Jilin Sheng, Liaoning Sheng, Shanxi Sheng, Shandong Sheng, Shaanxi Sheng, Nei Mongol Zizhiqu, Ningxia Huizi Zizhiqu]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, [Hokkaidô, Honshu, Kyushu] Korea

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDO-CHINA: Myanmar (n.)

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Moldova, Russian Federation, [Astrakhan, Saratov, Volgograd] Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Former Yugoslavia, Greece, Italy, Romania
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Spain

    Northern America
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [West Virginia]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Georgia (n.), Kentucky (s.e.), North Carolina (w.), South Carolina (n.w.), Tennessee (e.), Virginia (w.)]


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized (natzd. elsewhere)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959-. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  3. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning Note: poisonous
  4. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  5. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  6. Duke, J. A. 1985. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  7. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  8. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  9. Farnsworth, N. R. & D. D. Soejarto. 1988. Global importance of medicinal plants (unpublished draft manuscript rev. 23)
  10. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  11. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Convallaria+majalis&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  12. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  13. Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. Note: poisonous
  14. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  15. Krasnoborov, I. M., ed. 2000-. Flora of Siberia (English translation)
  16. Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann. 1985. AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants Note: poisonous
  17. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  18. Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource).
  19. Pajaujis Anonis, D. 1993. Flower oils and floral compounds in perfumery.
  20. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  21. Skvortsov, A. K., ed. 2006. Flora of the Lower Volga region 1:379.
  22. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  23. Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986-2000. European garden flora.
  24. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  25. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)

Check other web resources for Convallaria majalis L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?11280. Accessed 19 September 2019.