Taxon: Cosmos bipinnatus Cav.

 
Genus: Cosmos
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
Nomen number: 11680
Place of publication: Icon. 1:10, t. 14. 1791
Name Verified on: 05-Mar-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 06-Mar-2012
Species priority site is: Ornamental Plant Germplasm Center (OPGC)
Accessions: 5 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide F Guat; F NGalicia; Dict Gard)
  • Materials: essential oils (used in perfumery fide Flower Oils)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Northern America

    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Baja Sur, - Chihuahua, - Coahuila, - Durango, - Nuevo Leon, - San Luis Potosi, - Sinaloa, - Sonora, - Zacatecas
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico - Aguascalientes, - Chiapas, - Federal District, - Guanajuato, - Guerrero, - Hidalgo, - Jalisco, - Mexico, - Michoacan, - Morelos, - Nayarit, - Oaxaca, - Puebla, - Queretaro, - Tlaxcala, - Veracruz
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona

  • Naturalized:

  • Africa

    • Southern Africa: South Africa
  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Taiwan
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan; India; Nepal
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia - New South Wales, - Queensland
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Europe

    • East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation-European part - European part; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Belgium
    • Northern Europe: United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Croatia; Montenegro; Romania; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: Spain
  • Northern America

    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, - Kansas, - Minnesota, - Missouri, - Oklahoma, - Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, - Maine, - Massachusetts, - Michigan, - New Hampshire, - New Jersey, - New York, - Ohio, - Pennsylvania, - Rhode Island, - West Virginia
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado, - Wyoming
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico, - Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, - Arkansas, - Delaware, - Florida, - Georgia, - Kentucky, - Louisiana, - Maryland, - North Carolina, - South Carolina, - Tennessee, - Virginia
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - California, - Utah
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil - Sao Paulo
    • Caribbean: Cuba; Hispaniola
    • Mesoamerica: Costa Rica; Guatemala
    • Southern South America: Argentina
    • Western South America: Bolivia; Colombia

  • Cultivated:

    . also cult.

    Adventive:

  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
  • Europe

    • Middle Europe: Austria; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Slovakia
    • Northern Europe: Norway
    • Southeastern Europe: Greece; Italy
    • Southwestern Europe: France

References:

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 98. 2012 (L West Indies)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Allan, H. H. B. et al. Flora of New Zealand. 1961- (F NZeal)
  • Bosser, J. M. et al., eds. Flores des Mascareignes. 1976- (F Mascar)
  • Breedlove, D. E., ed. Flora of Chiapas. 1981- (F Chiapas)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 16. Auflage. 2000 (Zander ed16)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource). (L Brasil Online)
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. 1963 (Glea Cron)
  • Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim. 1984- (F Bhutan)
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • Hansen, A. & P. Sunding Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17. 1993 (L Macar ed4)
  • Harling, G. & B. Sparre, eds. Flora of Ecuador. 1973- (F Ecuador)
  • Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. 1990 (L Aust)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. 2008 (F ConoSur)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. 1934-1964 (F USSR)
  • Krasnoborov, I. M., ed. Flora of Siberia (English translation). 2000- (F Siberia)
  • Li, H. L. et al., eds. Flora of Taiwan. 1975-1979 (F Taiwan)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • McVaugh, R. Flora Novo-Galiciana. 1983- (F NGalicia)
  • Munz, P. A. & D. D. Keck A California flora. 1959 (F CalifMunz)
  • Pajaujis Anonis, D. Flower oils and floral compounds in perfumery. 1993 (Flower Oils)
  • Radford, A. E. et al., eds. Vascular flora of the southeastern United States. 1980- (F SE US)
  • Rzedowski, J. & G. Rzedowski, eds. Flora del Bajio y de regiones adyacentes. 1991- (F Bajio)
  • Rzedowski, J. & G. Rzedowski, eds. Flora fanerogámica del Valle de México. 1979- (F Valle Mex)
  • Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. 1978-1979 (F Canada)
  • Sell, P. & G. Murrell Flora of Great Britain and Ireland. 1996- (F GB Ire)
  • Stace, C. New flora of the British Isles. 1995 (F BritStace)
  • Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark Flora of Guatemala. 1946-1976 (F Guat)
  • Steyermark, J. A. Flora of Missouri. 1977 (F Missouri)
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. 1952- (F TE Afr)
  • Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource). (Malezas Mex)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. Flora of Panama. 1943-1980 (F Panama)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Cosmos bipinnatus Cav. :

Images:

  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image