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Taxon: Cosmos sulphureus Cav.

 
Genus: Cosmos
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
Nomen number: 11684
Place of publication: Icon. 1:56, t. 79. 1791
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 06-Mar-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 7 (3 active, 1 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • orange cosmos  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • sulphur cosmos  (Source: PROTA4U) - English
  • yellow cosmos  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • cosmos soufré  (Source: PROTA4U) - French
  • gelbes Schmuckkörbchen  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • cosmos-amarelo  (Source: PROTA4U) - Portuguese
  • gullskära  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • liu huang ju  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese
  • kosmos želtyj  (Source: Mansf Ency) - Transliterated Russian

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental; ornamental
  • Materials: tannin/dyestuff
  • Weed:

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Chihuahua, Coahuila de Zaragoza, Durango, Nuevo León, San Luis Potosí, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Zacatecas]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Aguascalientes, Chiapas, Colima, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, México, Michoacán de Ocampo, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, Querétaro, Quintana Roo, Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave, Yucatán]


    Cultivated (widely cult.)

    Adventive

    Europe
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Belgium, Poland


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Malawi, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa [KwaZulu-Natal]

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, Sri Lanka
    • MALESIA: Philippines

    Northern America
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Michigan, New York, Pennsylvania]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Missouri, Oklahoma]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [California]

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Antigua and Barbuda, Cuba, Hispaniola, Montserrat, St. Vincent and Grenadines, United States, [Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, U.S.] Virgin Islands (British)
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Panama
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Venezuela
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile, Paraguay [Amambay]


    Other (possibly native in n.w. South America)

References:

  1. Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong. 2012. Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 98
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45
  4. Breedlove, D. E., ed. 1981-. Flora of Chiapas.
  5. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. 1980-. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon.
  6. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  7. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  8. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  9. Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource).
  10. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14
  11. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1963. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada.
  12. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6
  13. Harling, G. & B. Sparre, eds. 1973-. Flora of Ecuador.
  14. Hokche, O. et al. 2008. Nuevo catálogo de la flora vascular de Venezuela.
  15. Howard, R. 1974-1989. Flora of the lesser Antilles.
  16. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  17. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  18. Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. 1999. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75
  19. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  20. Lasser, T., ed. 1964-. Flora de Venezuela.
  21. León (J. S. Sauget) & Alain (E. E. Liogier). 1946-1969. Flora de Cuba
  22. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  23. Liogier, H. A. & L. F. Martorell. 2000. Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis, ed. 2.
  24. Liogier, H. A. 1984-. Descriptive flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands.
  25. McVaugh, R. 1983-. Flora Novo-Galiciana.
  26. Merrill, E. D. 1922-1926. An enumeration of Philippine flowering plants.
  27. Moscoso, R. M. 1943. Catalogus florae domingensis.
  28. Pajaujis Anonis, D. 1993. Flower oils and floral compounds in perfumery. Note: lists as "sulphurous"
  29. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  30. Radford, A. E. et al., eds. 1980-. Vascular flora of the southeastern United States.
  31. Rzedowski, J. & G. Rzedowski, eds. 1991-. Flora del Bajio y de regiones adyacentes.
  32. Siemonsma, J. S. & Kasem Piluek, eds. 1993. Vegetables. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 8:152. Note: mentions
  33. Spellman, D. L. et al. 1975, 1981. A list of the monocotyledoneae/dicotyledonae of Belize. Rhodora v. 77 & 83.
  34. Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946-1976. Flora of Guatemala. Note: prob. adventive
  35. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952-. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  36. Verma, D. M. et al. (vol. 1); V. Mudgal et al. (vol. 2). 1993-. Flora Madhya Pradesh.
  37. Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource). URL: http://www.conabio.gob.mx/malezasdemexico/asteraceae/cosmos-sulphureus/fichas/pagina1.htm target='_blank'
  38. Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. 1943-1980. Flora of Panama.
  39. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  40. Zuloaga, F. O. & O. Morrone, eds. 1996, 1999. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de la República Argentina. I. Pteridophyta, Gymnospermae y Angiospermae (Monocotyledonae), II. Dicotyledonae. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60, 74.
  41. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource).

Check other web resources for Cosmos sulphureus Cav. :

Images:

  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?11684. Accessed 18 November 2019.