Taxon: Crataegus crus-galli L.

 
Genus: Crataegus
Family: Rosaceae
  Subfamily: Amygdaloideae
      Tribe: Maleae
        Subtribe: Malinae
Nomen number: 12089
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:476. 1753
Name Verified on: 06-Nov-1985 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 20-Nov-1998
Species priority site is: National Arboretum (NA)
Accessions: 15 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard; Zander13)
  • Human food: fruit (fide L Edible Pl)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada - Quebec, - Ontario
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, - Iowa, - Kansas, - Missouri, - Oklahoma, - Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, - Indiana, - Maine, - Massachusetts, - Michigan, - New Jersey, - New York, - Ohio, - Pennsylvania, - Rhode Island, - Vermont, - West Virginia
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, - Arkansas, - Delaware, - Florida, - Georgia, - Kentucky, - Louisiana, - Maryland, - Mississippi, - North Carolina, - South Carolina, - Tennessee, - Virginia, - District of Columbia

  • Cultivated:

    . also cult.

References:

  • Flora of the Washington-Baltimore area (DC Flora Checklist) (on-line resource). (L Wash Balt)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Brown, R. G. & M. L. Brown Woody plants of Maryland. 1972 (WPl Mary)
  • Chester, E. W. et al. Atlas of Tennessee vascular plants. 1993-1997 (Atlas Tenn)
  • Cinovskis, R. E. 1971. Crataegi Baltici 223.
  • Clark, R. C. 1971. The woody plants of Alabama Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 58:175.
  • Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston Manual of the vascular plants of Texas. 1970 (F Tex)
  • Deam, C. C. Flora of Indiana. 1940 (F Indiana)
  • Dickinson, T. A. & J. B. Phipps 1985. Studies in Crataegus L. (Rosaceae: Maloideae). XIII. Degree and pattern of phenotypic variation in Crataegus sect. Crus-galli in Ontario Syst. Bot. 10:322-337.
  • Eilers, L. J. & D. M. Roosa The vascular plants of Iowa. 1994 (L Iowa)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2. 1991 (Glea Cron ed2)
  • Haines, A. & T. F. Vining Flora of Maine: a manual for identification of native and naturalized vascular plants of Maine. 1998 (F Maine)
  • Harmon, P. J. et al. Checklist and atlas of the vascular flora of West Virginia. 2006 (Atlas WVa)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Jones, G. N. & G. D. Fuller Vascular plants of Illinois. 1955 (F IllJones)
  • Jones, R. L. Plant life of Kentucky: an illustrated guide to the vascular flora. 2005 (F Kentucky)
  • Krüssmann, G. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976). 1984 (Krussmann)
  • Kunkel, G. Plants for human consumption. 1984 (L Edible Pl)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Magee, D. W. & H. E. Ahles Flora of the Northeast. A manual of the vascular flora of New England and adjacent New York. 1999 (F NE US)
  • McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association) Flora of the Great Plains. 1986 (F GPlains)
  • McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association) Atlas of the Flora of the Great Plains. 1977 (Atlas GPlains)
  • Mohlenbrock, R. H. & D. M. Ladd Distribution of Illinois vascular plants. 1978 (Atlas Ill)
  • New York Flora Association New York flora atlas (on-line resource). (Atlas New York)
  • Phipps, J. B & M. Muniyamma 1980. A taxonomic revision of Crataegus (Rosaceae) in Ontario Canad. J. Bot. 58:1639.
  • Phipps, J. B. 1988. Typification of Crataegus crus-galli L. (Rosaceae) and nomenclatural notes on some related species of hawthorn Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 96:359-369.
  • Radford, A. E. et al. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. 1964 (F Carolin)
  • Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. 1978-1979 (F Canada)
  • Seymour, F. The flora of New England. 1969 (F NEng)
  • Smith, E. B. An atlas and annotated list of the vascular plants of Arkansas. 1978 (L Arkansas)
  • Steyermark, J. A. Flora of Missouri. 1977 (F Missouri)
  • Townsend, J., ed. South Carolina plant atlas (on-line resource). (Atlas SCarol)
  • Turner, B. L. et al. Atlas of the vascular plants of Texas. Sida Botanical Miscellany no. 24. 2003 (Atlas Tex)
  • Virginia Botanical Associates Digital atlas of the Virginia flora (on-line resource). (Atlas Virginia)
  • Voss, E. Michigan flora. 1972- (F Mich)
  • Weakley, A. S. Flora of the Carolinas, Virginia, and Georgia, and surrounding areas. 2007 (F Carol Virg Georg)
  • Wetter, M. A. et al. WISFLORA: Wisconsin vascular plant species (on-line resource). (F Wisconsin)
  • Wherry, E. T. et al. Atlas of the flora of Pennsylvania. 1979 (Atlas Penn)
  • Wunderlin, R. & B. Hansen Atlas of Florida vascular plants (on-line resource). (Atlas Florida)

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Crataegus crus-galli L. :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Crataegus crus-galli cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images:

  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Pyrene: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Pyrene: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image