Taxon: Crataegus monogyna Jacq.

Genus: Crataegus
Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Amygdaloideae
Tribe: Maleae
Subtribe: Malinae
Nomen number: 12122
Place of publication: Fl. austriac. 3:50, t. 292, fig. 1. 1775
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 04-Oct-1999 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 04-Aug-2006
Species priority site is: National Arboretum (NA)
Accessions: 22 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Bee plants: honey production (fide F Int Apico)
  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard; Krussmann; Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Ency CNatIn; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Rep NCEPPC; Invasive Pl Spec)

Distributional Range:


  • Africa

    • Northern Africa: Algeria ; Morocco ; Tunisia
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Georgia ; Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia Ciscaucasia
    • Western Asia: Cyprus ; Egypt Sinai; Iran ; Iraq ; Israel ; Lebanon ; Syria ; Turkey
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Belarus ; Estonia ; Lithuania ; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria ; Belgium ; Czech Republic ; Germany ; Hungary ; Netherlands ; Poland ; Slovakia ; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Denmark ; Finland ; Ireland ; Norway ; Sweden ; United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania ; Bosnia and Herzegovina ; Bulgaria ; Croatia ; Greece ; Italy ; Montenegro ; Romania ; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Portugal ; Spain

  • Naturalized

  • Africa

    • Southern Africa: South Africa
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Northern America

    • North America

  • Cultivated


  • Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). (AgroAtlas)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  • Byatt, J. I. 1976. The genus Crataegus (Rosaceae) in Greece (Candollea) 31:288.
  • Campbell, F. T., ed. Report of National Coalition of Exotic Plant Pest Councils. 1995 (unpublished draft) (Rep NCEPPC)
  • Christensen, K. I. 1992. Revision of Crataegus section Crataegus and nothosection Crataeguineae (Rosaceae-Maloideae) in the Old World Syst. Bot. Monogr. 35:100.
  • Cinovskis, R. E. 1971. Crataegi Baltici 95.
  • Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. (Glea Cron)
  • Hickman, J. C., ed. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California. 1993 (F CalifJep)
  • Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. (L Aust)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  • International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 2. Trees. (Mult Glossary Trees)
  • Jahandiez, E. & R. Maire Catalogue des plantes du Maroc. (L Maroc)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  • Krüssmann, G. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976). 1984 (Krussmann)
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  • Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Meikle, R. D. Flora of Cyprus. (F Cyprus)
  • Meyer, F. G. et al. A catalog of cultivated woody plants of the southeastern United States. 1994 (L CultWPl SE US)
  • Mouterde, P. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie. (F Liban)
  • Ortega-Sada, J. L. Flora de interes apicola y polinizacion de cultivos. (F Int Apico)
  • Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson Noxious weeds of Australia. 1992 (Noxweed Aust)
  • Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  • Phipps, J. B. 1998. Introduction to the red-fruited hawthorns (Crataegus, Rosaceae) of western North America Canad. J. Bot. 76:1868.
  • Quézel, P. & S. Santa Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie. (F Alger)
  • Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. (F Canada)
  • Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest Flora of Iraq. (F Iraq)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. European garden flora. (Eur Gard F)
  • Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan Flora palaestina. (F Palest)


Check other web resources for Crataegus monogyna Jacq. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Crataegus monogyna cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.


  • Pyrene: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image